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Disaster Management Dr. Gopalrao, M.D. Ph.D. Professor & Head, Community Medicine Deptt.
Definition <ul><li>Any occurrence that causes damage, ecological disruption, loss of human life or deterioration of health...
Types of Disasters <ul><li>Earth quakes. </li></ul><ul><li>Land slides. </li></ul><ul><li>Volcanic eruptions. </li></ul><u...
Continued…. <ul><li>Manmade Disasters </li></ul><ul><li>. Wars: Conventional, nuclear, chemical & biological. </li></ul><u...
Some recent disasters ….. <ul><li>Earthquake in Pakistan – 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Earthquake and tsunami in the Indian coa...
Why is Disaster Management Important to Us?
<ul><ul><ul><ul><li>57% of the land area is prone to Earthquakes </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>12% to Flood...
Fig: 2.1.6
 
 
Impact of a disaster <ul><li>Mortality: Always very high in the absence of preparedness. </li></ul><ul><li>Morbidity: Inju...
Management Techniques <ul><li>Disaster impact and response. </li></ul><ul><li>Relief phase. </li></ul><ul><li>Epidemiologi...
Disaster impact & response <ul><li>Search, rescue and first aid. </li></ul><ul><li>Field care. </li></ul><ul><li>Triage. <...
Relief phase <ul><li>The relief operations will depend on:- </li></ul><ul><li>A) The type of disaster and it’s magnitude. ...
Thank You <ul><li>Email: drgsj123@gmail.com </li></ul>
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Disaster management

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Covers types of disasters, medical management of disaster.

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Transcript of "Disaster management"

  1. 1. Disaster Management Dr. Gopalrao, M.D. Ph.D. Professor & Head, Community Medicine Deptt.
  2. 2. Definition <ul><li>Any occurrence that causes damage, ecological disruption, loss of human life or deterioration of health and health services on a scale sufficient to warrant extraordinary response from outside the affected community or area. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Types of Disasters <ul><li>Earth quakes. </li></ul><ul><li>Land slides. </li></ul><ul><li>Volcanic eruptions. </li></ul><ul><li>Tsunamis. </li></ul><ul><li>Tidal waves. </li></ul><ul><li>Floods. </li></ul><ul><li>Snow storms. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Continued…. <ul><li>Manmade Disasters </li></ul><ul><li>. Wars: Conventional, nuclear, chemical & biological. </li></ul><ul><li>. Famines. </li></ul><ul><li>Fires. </li></ul><ul><li>Toxicological accidents. </li></ul><ul><li>Nuclear accidents. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Some recent disasters ….. <ul><li>Earthquake in Pakistan – 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Earthquake and tsunami in the Indian coast - 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>Gujarat Earthquake - 2001 </li></ul><ul><li>Floods in Mumbai, West Bengal </li></ul><ul><li>Cyclone: Rita, Wilma etc….. </li></ul><ul><li>Fire: Kumbakonam, Dabewali </li></ul><ul><li>Terrorist attack: Chechnya </li></ul>And the list goes on and on……………
  6. 6. Why is Disaster Management Important to Us?
  7. 7. <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>57% of the land area is prone to Earthquakes </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>12% to Floods </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>8% to Cyclones </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>70% of the cultivable land is prone to drought </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>85% of the land area is vulnerable to number of natural hazards </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>22 states are prone to multiple hazards. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Fig: 2.1.6
  9. 11. Impact of a disaster <ul><li>Mortality: Always very high in the absence of preparedness. </li></ul><ul><li>Morbidity: Injuries, situation specific. </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional stress. </li></ul><ul><li>Emergence of epidemics. </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in indigenous diseases. </li></ul>
  10. 12. Management Techniques <ul><li>Disaster impact and response. </li></ul><ul><li>Relief phase. </li></ul><ul><li>Epidemiologic surveillance & disease control. </li></ul><ul><li>Vaccination. </li></ul><ul><li>Nutrition. </li></ul><ul><li>Rehabilitation. </li></ul>
  11. 13. Disaster impact & response <ul><li>Search, rescue and first aid. </li></ul><ul><li>Field care. </li></ul><ul><li>Triage. </li></ul><ul><li>Tagging of casualties. </li></ul><ul><li>Identification of the dead. </li></ul>
  12. 14. Relief phase <ul><li>The relief operations will depend on:- </li></ul><ul><li>A) The type of disaster and it’s magnitude. </li></ul><ul><li>B) The type and quantity of supplies </li></ul><ul><li>available locally. </li></ul><ul><li>Most critical supplies in the initial emergency phase:- </li></ul><ul><li>Food, blankets, clothing, shelter, sanitary engineering equipments. </li></ul>
  13. 15. Thank You <ul><li>Email: drgsj123@gmail.com </li></ul>
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