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Published

Covers types of disasters, medical management of disaster.

Covers types of disasters, medical management of disaster.

Published in Health & Medicine
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Transcript

  • 1. Disaster Management Dr. Gopalrao, M.D. Ph.D. Professor & Head, Community Medicine Deptt.
  • 2. Definition
    • Any occurrence that causes damage, ecological disruption, loss of human life or deterioration of health and health services on a scale sufficient to warrant extraordinary response from outside the affected community or area.
  • 3. Types of Disasters
    • Earth quakes.
    • Land slides.
    • Volcanic eruptions.
    • Tsunamis.
    • Tidal waves.
    • Floods.
    • Snow storms.
  • 4. Continued….
    • Manmade Disasters
    • . Wars: Conventional, nuclear, chemical & biological.
    • . Famines.
    • Fires.
    • Toxicological accidents.
    • Nuclear accidents.
  • 5. Some recent disasters …..
    • Earthquake in Pakistan – 2005
    • Earthquake and tsunami in the Indian coast - 2004
    • Gujarat Earthquake - 2001
    • Floods in Mumbai, West Bengal
    • Cyclone: Rita, Wilma etc…..
    • Fire: Kumbakonam, Dabewali
    • Terrorist attack: Chechnya
    And the list goes on and on……………
  • 6. Why is Disaster Management Important to Us?
  • 7.
          • 57% of the land area is prone to Earthquakes
          • 12% to Floods
          • 8% to Cyclones
          • 70% of the cultivable land is prone to drought
          • 85% of the land area is vulnerable to number of natural hazards
          • 22 states are prone to multiple hazards.
  • 8. Fig: 2.1.6
  • 9.  
  • 10.  
  • 11. Impact of a disaster
    • Mortality: Always very high in the absence of preparedness.
    • Morbidity: Injuries, situation specific.
    • Emotional stress.
    • Emergence of epidemics.
    • Increase in indigenous diseases.
  • 12. Management Techniques
    • Disaster impact and response.
    • Relief phase.
    • Epidemiologic surveillance & disease control.
    • Vaccination.
    • Nutrition.
    • Rehabilitation.
  • 13. Disaster impact & response
    • Search, rescue and first aid.
    • Field care.
    • Triage.
    • Tagging of casualties.
    • Identification of the dead.
  • 14. Relief phase
    • The relief operations will depend on:-
    • A) The type of disaster and it’s magnitude.
    • B) The type and quantity of supplies
    • available locally.
    • Most critical supplies in the initial emergency phase:-
    • Food, blankets, clothing, shelter, sanitary engineering equipments.
  • 15. Thank You
    • Email: drgsj123@gmail.com