Psych 3 -freud ppt

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  • Psych 3 -freud ppt

    1. 1. Freud © McGraw-Hill
    2. 2. Outline • Biography of Freud • Levels of Mental Life • Provinces of Mind • Dynamics of Personality • Defense Mechanisms • Stages of Development Cont’d © McGraw-Hill
    3. 3. Outline • Applications of Psychoanalytic Theory • Critique of Freud • Concept of Humanity © McGraw-Hill
    4. 4. Biography of Freud • Born in Moravia (Czech Republic) in 1856 • Lived nearly 80 years in Vienna Austria • Was the eldest son • Studied Medicine, specializing in Psychiatry (interested in unconscious) • Studied hysteria with Charcot & Breuer © McGraw-Hill
    5. 5. Biography (cont’d) • Abandoned seduction theory in 1897 and replaced it with Oedipus Complex • In 1900 wrote Interpretation of Dreams • After 1900 developed world-wide circle of followers (Adler, Jung etc) • Was driven out of Austria by Nazis in 1938 • Died in London in 1939 © McGraw-Hill
    6. 6. Level of Mental Life • Unconscious – Beyond awareness and can only be accessed in disguised or distorted form – Two sources of unconscious processes • Repression • Phylogenetic Endowment • Preconscious – Not in awareness but can be • Conscious © McGraw-Hill
    7. 7. Provinces of the Mind • The Id – Pleasure Principle – Primary Process • The Ego – The Reality Principle – Secondary Process • The Superego – The Idealistic Principle © McGraw-Hill
    8. 8. Dynamics of Personality • Instincts – Sexual Instinct – Destructive Instinct • Anxiety – Neurotic Anxiety – Moral Anxiety – Realistic Anxiety © McGraw-Hill
    9. 9. Defense Mechanisms • Repression • Undoing & Isolation • Reaction Formation • Displacement • Fixation • Projection • Sublimation © McGraw-Hill
    10. 10. Stages of Development • Infantile Period (0-5) – Oral Phase – Anal Phase – Phallic Phase • Oedipus Complex • Castration Complex – Castration Anxiety (Males) – Penis Envy (Females) • Latency Period (5-puberty) • Genital Period (puberty-adulthood) © McGraw-Hill
    11. 11. Applications of Psychoanalytic Theory • Free Association • Transference • Resistance • Dream Analysis • Freudian Slips (Parapraxes) © McGraw-Hill
    12. 12. Related Research • George Valliant’s Research on Defense Mechanisms – Neurotic Mechanisms • Reaction Formation, Idealization, & Undoing – Immature Mechanisms • Projection, Isolation, Denial, Displacement, & Dissociation – Mature Mechanisms • Sublimation, Suppression, Humor, Altruism © McGraw-Hill
    13. 13. Critique of Freud • Freud’s Theory is – High on Generating Research – Moderate on Organizing Known Data, Guiding Action, and Parsimony – Low on Internal Consistency – Very low on Falsifiability © McGraw-Hill
    14. 14. Concept of Humanity • Deterministic and Pessimistic • Causality over Teleology • Unconscious over Conscious • Biology over Culture • Equal emphasis on Uniqueness and Similarity © McGraw-Hill

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