Psych 3 freud adler-horney
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Psych 3 freud adler-horney Document Transcript

  • 1. PSYCHOLOGY 3 DR. GABE Psychodynamic Theory: Freud and Adler Psychodynamic theory emphasizes the power of the unconscious mind and the role of intrapsychic con- flict in personality development. Psychodynamic theory, particularly psychoanalysis, is considered the first force in psychology. There are a range of psychodynamic theories including psychoanalysis, individual psychology, analytical psychology, object relations theory, psychoanalytic social theory, humanistic psy- choanalysis, interpersonal theory and a host of other neo-Freudian theories. The one thing shared by all psychodynamic perspectives is a recognition of the unconscious forces that shape our thoughts, emotions and behaviors. Beyond this common base, each theory emphasizes a different set of forces that mold personality. Sigmund Freud Freud is considered the father of psychodynamic theory. As a matter of fact, Freud is such an influential psychologist, that a song was written about his theory and therapeutic techniques; click on the song title to hear "The Ballad of Sigmund Freud" (text version). Freud was one of the first psychologists to fully rec- ognize the role of the unconscious mind and its influence on personality. Most of Freud's theories stemmed directly from his clinical experience; view the video "The Biography of Sigmund Freud" (text ver- sion) for a detailed look at the role of Freud's professional experiences and personal insight on the devel- opment of his psychodynamic theory. He theorized that mental activity occurs on three levels: conscious, preconscious and unconscious. The mind operates across all levels and is made up of three distinct components: id, ego and superego. Our personality emerges as a product of the dynamic relationship between the structures of the mind and con- sciousness. View the following animation that illustrates the structure of personality and its relationship to the levels of consciousness. A key factor in Freud's theory is the idea that we are constantly being pushed in different directions by a range of unconscious instincts and conscious pressures. This intrapsychic conflict leads to anxiety. In or- der to deal with the anxiety and restore mental balance, we unconsciously utilize defense mechanisms. For an overview of defense mechanisms, listen to "In Defense of Defense Mechanisms" at http://www.thepsychfiles.com/. To gain a better understanding of the use of defense mechanisms, please view the following presentation (you will need to turn on your speakers): PowerPoint on Freudian Defense Mechanisms To test your understanding of basic Freudian defense mechanisms CLICK HERE. Freud's theories were very controversial due to the emphasis on sex and aggression as key elements of unconscious influence. Particularly troublesome was his developmental theory examining the role of sex- uality and conflict in children. Freud's Psychosexual Development Oral Phase
  • 2. PSYCHOLOGY 3 DR. GABE Anal Phase Phallic Phase Latency Period Genital Period •Birth-age 2 •Primary erogenous zone is the mouth •Emphasis on sucking •Ages 2-3 •Primary erogenous zone is the anus •Emphasis on toilet training •Ages 4-7 •Primary erogenous zone is genitals •Emphasis on masturbation •Ages 7-11 •Dormant or suppressed psychosexual development •Ages 12-adult •Primary erogenous zone is the genitals •Emphasis on mature sexual relationships In addition to criticisms over his sexualized theory of development, Freud has been highly criticized for the gender bias in his theories and his views on women. For a more detailed look at Freud's views on wom- en, please read the article "Why Was Sigmund Freud Unable to Understand Women?". Despite the controversy surrounding Freud and his theories, his psychoanalytic theory is undoubtedly one A key factor in Freud's theory is the idea that we are constantly being pushed in different directions by a range of unconscious instincts and conscious pressures. This intrapsychic conflict leads to anxiety. In or- der to deal with the anxiety and restore mental balance, we unconsciously utilize defense mechanisms. For an overview of defense mechanisms, listen to "In Defense of Defense Mechanisms" at http://www.thepsychfiles.com/. To gain a better understanding of the use of defense mechanisms, please view the following presentation (you will need to turn on your speakers): PowerPoint on Freudian Defense Mechanisms To test your understanding of basic Freudian defense mechanisms CLICK HERE.
  • 3. PSYCHOLOGY 3 DR. GABE Freud's theories were very controversial due to the emphasis on sex and aggression as key elements of unconscious influence. Particularly troublesome was his developmental theory examining the role of sex- uality and conflict in children. Freud's Psychosexual Development Oral Phase Anal Phase Phallic Phase Latency Period Genital Period •Birth-age 2 •Primary erogenous zone is the mouth •Emphasis on sucking •Ages 2-3 •Primary erogenous zone is the anus •Emphasis on toilet training •Ages 4-7 •Primary erogenous zone is genitals •Emphasis on masturbation •Ages 7-11 •Dormant or suppressed psychosexual development •Ages 12-adult •Primary erogenous zone is the genitals •Emphasis on mature sexual relationships In addition to criticisms over his sexualized theory of development, Freud has been highly criticized for the gender bias in his theories and his views on women. For a more detailed look at Freud's views on wom- en, please read the article "Why Was Sigmund Freud Unable to Understand Women?". Despite the controversy surrounding Freud and his theories, his psychoanalytic theory is undoubtedly one of the most influential personality theories. Many of the theorists we will study worked directly with Freud,
  • 4. PSYCHOLOGY 3 DR. GABE others started their career collaborating with Freud before breaking away to promote their own theories, and other theorists spent their careers working in direct opposition to Freud's ideas. A key factor in Freud's theory is the idea that we are constantly being pushed in different directions by a range of unconscious instincts and conscious pressures. This intrapsychic conflict leads to anxiety. In or- der to deal with the anxiety and restore mental balance, we unconsciously utilize defense mechanisms. For an overview of defense mechanisms, listen to "In Defense of Defense Mechanisms" at http://www.thepsychfiles.com/. To gain a better understanding of the use of defense mechanisms, please view the following presentation (you will need to turn on your speakers): PowerPoint on Freudian Defense Mechanisms To test your understanding of basic Freudian defense mechanisms CLICK HERE. Freud's theories were very controversial due to the emphasis on sex and aggression as key elements of unconscious influence. Particularly troublesome was his developmental theory examining the role of sex- uality and conflict in children. Freud's Psychosexual Development Oral Phase Anal Phase Phallic Phase Latency Period Genital Period •ORAL •Birth-age 2 •Primary erogenous zone is the mouth •Emphasis on sucking •ANAL •Ages 2-3 •Primary erogenous zone is the anus •Emphasis on toilet training •PHALLIC •Ages 4-7 •Primary erogenous zone is genitals •Emphasis on masturbation •LATENCY •Ages 7-11 •Dormant or suppressed psychosexual development •GENITAL •Ages 12-adult •Primary erogenous zone is the genitals •Emphasis on mature sexual relationships
  • 5. PSYCHOLOGY 3 DR. GABE In addition to criticisms over his sexualized theory of development, Freud has been highly criticized for the gender bias in his theories and his views on women. For a more detailed look at Freud's views on wom- en, please read the article "Why Was Sigmund Freud Unable to Understand Women?". Despite the controversy surrounding Freud and his theories, his psychoanalytic theory is undoubtedly one of the most influential personality theories. Many of the theorists we will study worked directly with Freud, others started their career collaborating with Freud before breaking away to promote their own theories, and other theorists spent their careers working in direct opposition to Freud's ideas. of the most influential personality theories. Many of the theorists we will study worked directly with Freud, others started their career collaborating with Freud before breaking away to promote their own theories, and other theorists spent their careers working in direct opposition to Freud's ideas.