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Psych 3 ch01. ppt.--intro. personality
Psych 3 ch01. ppt.--intro. personality
Psych 3 ch01. ppt.--intro. personality
Psych 3 ch01. ppt.--intro. personality
Psych 3 ch01. ppt.--intro. personality
Psych 3 ch01. ppt.--intro. personality
Psych 3 ch01. ppt.--intro. personality
Psych 3 ch01. ppt.--intro. personality
Psych 3 ch01. ppt.--intro. personality
Psych 3 ch01. ppt.--intro. personality
Psych 3 ch01. ppt.--intro. personality
Psych 3 ch01. ppt.--intro. personality
Psych 3 ch01. ppt.--intro. personality
Psych 3 ch01. ppt.--intro. personality
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Psych 3 ch01. ppt.--intro. personality

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Introduction to Personality PwrPt.

Introduction to Personality PwrPt.

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  • 1. Introduction to Personality Theory Chapter 1 © McGraw-Hill
  • 2. Outline
    • Questions Addressed by Personality Psychologists
    • Overview of Personality Theory
    • What is Personality?
    • What is Theory?
    • Dimensions for a Concept of Humanity
    • Research in Personality Theory
    © McGraw-Hill
  • 3. Some Questions Addressed by Personality Psychologists
    • What drives people?
      • Motivation
    • What makes people unique and different?
      • Individual Differences
    • Are personalities stable over time, or do they change?
      • Personality Stability
    © McGraw-Hill Cont’d
  • 4. Some Questions (cont’d)
    • How are we different than we were as children? As young adults? As older adults?
      • Personality Stability & Change
    • How much of Personality is Temperament?
    • Why do people reared in the same environment often end up so different?
      • Biological Basis of Personality
    © McGraw-Hill Cont’d
  • 5. Some Questions (cont’d)
    • What are the fundamental dimensions of Personality?
      • Personality Structure
    • How can our theories of personality be applied to help people in clinical, educational, and business settings?
      • Application of Personality Theory
    © McGraw-Hill
  • 6. What is Personality?
    • Word stems from “persona” or “mask”
    • Personality Defined:
      • A pattern of relatively permanent traits, dispositions, or characteristics that give some consistency to human behavior
    © McGraw-Hill
  • 7. What is a Theory?
    • Theory Defined
      • A set of assumptions that allows scientists to use logical deductive reasoning to formulate testable hypotheses
    © McGraw-Hill
  • 8. Theory and Its Relatives
    • Philosophy
      • Broader than theory
    • Speculation
      • Important but not enough
    • Hypothesis
      • Theories generate and are made up of hypotheses
    • Taxonomy
      • Classification that does not generate hypotheses
    © McGraw-Hill
  • 9. Why Different Theories?
    • Different Personal Backgrounds
    • Different Philosophical Orientations
    • Data Chosen to Observe is Different
    © McGraw-Hill
  • 10. Theorists’ Personalities & Their Theories of Personality
    • Psychology of Science
      • The empirical study of scientific thought and behavior (including theory construction)
    • The personalities and psychology of different theorists influence the kind of theory they develop
    © McGraw-Hill
  • 11. What Makes a Theory Useful: Criteria for Evaluating a Theory
    • Generates Research
    • Is Falsifiable (Verifiable)
    • Organizes Known Data
    • Guides Action (Practical)
    • Is Internally Consistent
    • Is Parsimonious
    © McGraw-Hill
  • 12. Dimensions for a Concept of Humanity
    • Determinism v. Free Choice
    • Pessimism v. Optimism
    • Causality v. Teleology
    • Conscious v. Unconscious
    • Biological v. Social Influences
    • Uniqueness v. Similarity Among People
    © McGraw-Hill
  • 13. Research in Personality Theory
    • Theories must be Empirically Grounded
    • Two Empirical Criteria
      • Reliablity: Consistency of Measurement
        • Internal Consistency
        • Test-Retest Reliability
      • Validity:
        • Predictive Validity
        • Construct Validity
    © McGraw-Hill
  • 14. Methods Used to Study Personality
    • Longitudinal Assessment
    • Cross-Sectional Assessment
    • Self-Reported Data
      • California Psychological Inventory (CPI)
      • NEO-PI (Big Five)
    • Observer-Reported Data
      • Peers, Family, Friends
      • Therapist
    © McGraw-Hill

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