22. the roman empire (imperial rome) f
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22. the roman empire (imperial rome) f

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22. the roman empire (imperial rome) f 22. the roman empire (imperial rome) f Presentation Transcript

  • History 126 Dr. Anita Fisher The Roman Empire
  • Transformation of Republic to Empire
    • Decline of Roman Farmer
    • Rise of Unemployment
    • Decline of Political & republican morality
    • Government structure designed to rule city-state not appropriate for empire
    • Famous Romans at this time: Marius c. 155-86 b.c.e., Sulla 138-78 b.c.e. Pompey 106-48 b.c.e., Crassus 115-53 b.c.e., Julius Caesar 100-44 b.c.e.
  • Changes Made
    • Reorganized army from citizen to professional
    • Martial law when needed
    • Suppressed piracy & slave revolt
  •  
  • Triumphate
  • Julius Caesar 100-44 b.c.e.
  •  
  • Vercengetorix
  •  
  • Vercenigetorix surrenders to Caesar   Vercingetorix Surrenders To Ceasar
  •  
  • Crossing of the Rubicon River
  • Assassination of Julius Caesar
  • Legacies from Julius Caesar
    • Veni, Vidi, Vici = I came, I saw, I conquered
    • Romance languages of Europe
    • Major cities of Europe
      • Paris, Rheims, Bordeaux, Cologne, Vienna, Milan, Budapest, Seville, Lisbon
    • Author of Gallic Wars – his war and victory over the Celts
    • Calendar from ancient Egyptians
    • Month of July
  • Roman Empire
  • Octavian = Caesar Augustus 63 b.c.e. – 14 c.e.
  • 2 nd Triumphirate
    • Mark Anthony 83 – 30 b.c.e.
  • Battle of Actium
  •  
  •  
  • Caesar Augustus’ Mottos
    • Make Haste Slowly
    • The Republic has been Restored
    • First Princeps or first citizen
    • Augustus or revered one
    • His 4 virtues on his golden shield
      • Virtue
      • Clemency
      • Justice
      • Piety
  • Pax Romanus Coins
  •  
  • Livia – Wife of Caesar Augustus
  • Emperor Tiberius
  • Emperor Nero & His Mother Agrippina
  • Emperor Caligula
  • Emperor Caligula & Horse
  • Methods Emperors Used
    • Illegal activities
    • Sudden arrests
    • Exiles
    • Political trials
    • Assassinations
  • 5 Good Emperors 96-180 c.e.
    • Nerva
    • Trajan
    • Hadrian 117-138
    • Antoninus
    • Marcus Aurelius
  • Emperor Trajan Coin
  • Trajan Forum & Column
  • Emperor Hadrian
  •  
  • Hadrian ’ s Wall in England
  • Chedworth Villa - England
  • Roman Villa
  • Chedworth Villa Well
  •  
  • Caerleon In Wales
  • Marcus Aurelius
  • Emperor Diocletian reform coinage
  • Constantine – 285-337 c.e.
  • Milvian Bridge Battle Chi Rho symbol