15. hellenistic culture  (greeks #5) f
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15. hellenistic culture (greeks #5) f Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Hellenistic Culture History 126 Dr. Anita Fisher
  • 2. Philip of Macedon
    • Gradual dominance in Greece
    • Father of Alexander The Great
    • Husband of Olympias
  • 3.  
  • 4.  
  • 5. Olympias
  • 6.  
  • 7. Alexander the Great
  • 8. Alexander’s Characteristics
    • Physically attractive
    • Physicially fit
    • Intellectually gifted
    • Charistmatic leader
    • Brilliant general
  • 9. Alexander’s Conquests & Achievements
    • Never lost a battle
    • Battle of Issus – most famous
    • Founded over 70 cities
    • Created enomous empire
      • 3 continents
      • Over 2 million square miles
    • Area united by common Greek language & culture
      • Called Hellenistic
  • 10. Battle of Issus
  • 11. Alexander & Bucephalas
  • 12. Alexander & Horse Bucephalas
  • 13.  
  • 14. Alexander & His Followers
  • 15. Nectanebo – 380 b.c.e. 30 th Dynasty
  • 16. Sarcophagus of Nectanebo
  • 17. Philae Temple to Isis
  • 18. Egypt during the Ptolemies 323-30 b.c.e.
  • 19.  
  • 20. City of Alexandria
    • 1 st Egyptian sea port
    • Within 11 yrs largest & richest city in world
      • Population – 1 million
    • Library & university – greatest glory
  • 21. Library at Alexander
  • 22. Library at Alexandria
  • 23. Pharos Reconstruction
  • 24. Pharos lighthouse at Alexandria
  • 25. Alexandria Obelisk now in New York Central Park
  • 26. Map – Post Alexander
  • 27. Edfu Temple
  • 28. Edfu Temple
  • 29. Dendera Temple to Hathor
  • 30. Birth House at Dendera
  • 31. Circular Zodiac at Dendera
  • 32. Dendera
  • 33. Esna Temple to Horus
  • 34. Cleopatra VII
  • 35. Caesar Augustus
  • 36. Roman Rule of Egypt
  • 37. Holy Family’s Trek to Egypt
  • 38. Apostle Mark
  • 39. Coptic Church
  • 40. Al-muallaqa = Hanging Church = Coptic Church
  • 41. Roman Amphitheater at Alexandria
  • 42. Successor States to Alexander
    • Ptolemic Dynasty
      • Ruled Great Egypt
        • Lasted Until 30 B.C.E.
          • Last One – Cleopatra Vii
    • Seleucid Dynasty
      • Ruled Northern Syria & Old Persian Empire
    • Antigonid Dynasty
      • Ruled Greek Areas
  • 43. Hellenistic Religion
    • Movement away from olympic dieties
    • To mystery & salvation cults
      • Almost all centered on death & resurrection of god
      • & Promise of personal salvation
  • 44. Hellenistic Art
    • More dynamic poses
    • Acceptable for women in nude
    • More realistic scuptures
    • Older people, etc. Not just ideal body type
  • 45. Winged Victory at Samothrace
  • 46. Dying Gaul
  • 47. Old Woman
  • 48. Laocoon & His Sons
  • 49. Venus De Milo
  • 50. Hellenistic Philosophy
    • 4 Major Schools
      • Skeptics
      • Cynics
        • Diogenes - Most Famous
      • Stoics
        • Zeno – Founder of Stoicism
      • Epicureans
        • Epicurus - Founder
  • 51. Skeptic Philosophy
    • Pyrrho of Elis
    • The Father of Skepticism
  • 52. Cynic Philosophy Diogenes The Father of Cynicism
  • 53. Diogenes
  • 54. Stoic Philosophy Zeno The Father of Stoicism
  • 55. Epicurean Philosophy Epicurus The Father of Epicurean ism