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Medications in dentistry
 

Medications in dentistry

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  • Indications Tooth ache Abcess Extraction

Medications in dentistry Medications in dentistry Presentation Transcript

  • Medications Used in Dentistry
  • Indications of Medications in Dentistry
    • Medications used
      • To control pain (Anethetics, Analgesics, NSAID)
      • To control plaque and gingivitis(Mouth washe)
      • To prevent or treat infections (Antibiotics)
      • Antifungals (Candida)
      • To prevent tooth decay (Flouride)
      • To relieve anxiety (Muscle relaxant)
      • To treat xerostomia (Artificial saliva)
  • Medication in dentistry
      • Anethesia
      • Pain killers
      • Mouth washe
      • Antibiotics
      • Antifungals
      • Flouride supplements
      • Muscle relaxant
      • Artificial Saliva
  • I. Anesthesia
    • Used by the dentis
    • Local anesthesia
    • General anesthesia
    • Nitrous oxide
    • Consiouse sedation: intravenous sedation ( Diazepam )
  • Anesthesia used by the patient
    • Found in the form of
    • Spray
    • Gel (intraoral)
    • Ointments (extraoral)
    • Solutions
    • Brand name products
    • Chloraseptic
    • Orajel
    • Xylocaine
  • Anesthesia used by the patient
    • To relieve pain or irritation caused by
      • Toothache
      • Teething
      • Cold sores
      • Canker sores
      • Fever blisters
      • Pain or irritation caused by dentures
      • Pain caused by orthodontics braces
  • COLD SORE
  • Canker sore
    • Anesthetics used for toothache pain should not be used for a prolonged period of time
    • ONLY for temporary pain relief until the toothache can be treated
  • Chronic caries
    • Denture wearers using anesthetics to relieve pain from a new denture should see their dentist to determine if an adjustment to the appliance is needed to prevent more soreness……
  • Ill fitted denture
  • Ill fitted denture
  • II. Analgesics/pain killers
  • A. Paracetamol
    • Tylenol
    • Fevadol
    • Panadol
    • Alvedon
    • Indications:
    • Mild toothache
    • After tooth extraction
    • Teething
  • Teething
  • B. Non steroidal antiinflammatory drug
  • NSAIDs
    • Indications :
    • Tooth ache
    • Abscess
    • After multiple e xtraction s
  • C. Corticosteroids ointment
    • To relieve the discomfort and redness in
    • 1. The palat as in canker sore
    • 2. The lip as in fever blister, angular chelitis
    • 3. The cheak as in canker sore
      • Orabase
      • Oralone
  • Fever blister
  • CANKER SORE
  • Angular chelitis
  • III. Mouth washes
    • Chlorhexidine mouth wash to control plaque and gingivitis in the mouth
    • Antiseptic
    • Kill the bacteria that cause bad breath
    • Staining of the teeth
    • Fluoride mouth wash
    • Sensitive teeth
    • Used for patients with high caries activity
  • Rinse for 2 miniutes / 10 days
  • Chlorohexidein stain
  • Chlorohexidein stain
  • IV. Antibiotics
    • Indication:
    • To prevent infecton in cardiac patient
    • Treat infections as in periodontal/ periapical abcess
  • Amoxicillin
    • After extraction in DM
    • Before treatment in Cardiac patient
    • In patients with abscess
  • V. Antifungals
    • Indication
    • To stop the spread of Candida infection e.g.
    • Oral Thrush
    • Denture stomatitis
    • In combination with antibiotics in case of abcess
  • Oral thrush
  • Denture stomatitis
  • VI. Fluoride supplement
    • Indication
    • To Prevent tooth decay
    • Traet teeth sensetivity
    • Control active caries
    • Action: It is absorbed by enamel and helps strengthen the teeth
    • Types
    • F tooth paste
    • F varnish
    • F mouth rinse
    • F tablets
  • Fluoride Gel and Trays
  • Fluoride varnish
  • Major salivary glands
  • VII. Artificial saliva
    • Indications
    • Dry mouth due to medications or chemotherapy
    • Difficulties in swallowing
    • Lack of saliva secretion as in salivary gland diseases
  • Dry Mouth Medications
    • Artificial saliva: to lubricate soft tissuer and facilitate swallowing
    • Salagan: stimulates saliva production
  • VIII. Muscle Relaxants
    • Indications
    • Teeth grinding (bruxism)
    • Temporomandibular joint disorders TMJD
    • To reduce stress
    • E.g. Valium in low dose
  • Summary
    • Analgesics
    • Antibiotics
    • Antifungal
    • Mouth wash
    • Flouride
    • Artificial saliva