The Sense Of Sound                          Andrew Ernest Ritz                             May 8, 2011Andrew Ernest Ritz (...
babble   noun –. babble, babbling, lallation – (gibberish resembling the sounds   of a baby)   verb –1. (3) babble – (utte...
bang   noun –1. (2) knock, bash, bang, smash, belt – (a vigorous blow; ”the   sudden knock floored him”; ”he took a bash ri...
bark   noun –1. (4) bark – (tough protective covering of the woody stems   and roots of trees and other woody plants)   ve...
bawl   verb –1. (8) bawl, bellow – (shout loudly and without restraint)   Andrew Ernest Ritz ()     The Sense Of Sound    ...
bay      noun –1. (7) bay, embayment – (an indentation of a shoreline larger      than a cove but smaller than a gulf)    ...
beat   noun –1. (1) beat, round – (a regular route for a sentry or   policeman; ”in the old days a policeman walked a beat...
bell       noun –1. (9) bell – (a hollow device made of metal that makes a       ringing sound when struck)       verb –. ...
bellow   noun –1. (2) bellow, bellowing, holla, holler, hollering, hollo, holloa,   roar, roaring, yowl – (a very loud utt...
blab   verb –1. (1) spill the beans, let the cat out of the bag, talk, tattle,   blab, peach, babble, sing, babble out, bl...
blabbermouth   noun –. tattletale, tattler, taleteller, talebearer, telltale,   blabbermouth – (someone who gossips indisc...
blare    noun –. (1) blare, blaring, cacophony, clamor, din – (a loud harsh or    strident noise)    verb –1. (1) blast, b...
blast    noun –1. (2) blast – (a very long fly ball)    verb –1. (3) blast, blare – (make a strident sound; ”She tended to ...
blubber   noun –1. blubber – (an insulating layer of fat under the skin of   whales and other large marine mammals; used a...
boom  noun –1. (2) boom, roar, roaring, thunder – (a deep prolonged loud  noise)  verb –1. (5) boom, din – (make a resonan...
bray   noun –. bray – (the cry of an ass)   verb –1. hee-haw, bray – (braying characteristic of donkeys)   Andrew Ernest R...
buzz   noun –1. (1) buzz, bombilation, bombination – (sound of rapid   vibration; ”the buzz of a bumble bee”)   verb –1. (...
cackle    noun –1. cackle – (the sound made by a hen after laying an egg)    verb –1. (2) cackle – (talk or utter in a cac...
caw      noun –. caw – (the sound made by corvine birds)      verb –. (1) caw – (utter a cry, characteristic of crows, roo...
chant   noun –. chant – (a repetitive song in which as many syllables as   necessary are assigned to a single tone)   verb...
chatter    noun –1. (2) yak, yack, yakety-yak, chatter, cackle – (noisy talk)    verb –1. (1) chatter, click – (click repe...
cheep   noun –. cheep, peep – (the short weak cry of a young bird)   verb –. peep, cheep, chirp, chirrup – (make high-pitc...
cheer   noun –1. (14) cheer – (a cry or shout of approval)   verb –1. (1) cheer, hearten, recreate, embolden – (give encou...
chime   noun –. chime, bell, gong – (a percussion instrument consisting of a   set of tuned bells that are struck with a h...
chirp    noun –. chirp – (a sharp sound made by small birds or insects)    verb –1. (1) peep, cheep, chirp, chirrup – (mak...
chuckle   noun –. (1) chortle, chuckle – (a soft partly suppressed laugh)   verb –. (8) chuckle, chortle, laugh softly – (...
clack    noun –1. clack, clap – (a sharp abrupt noise as if two objects hit    together; may be repeated)    verb –1. clat...
clamor   noun –1. (5) blare, blaring, cacophony, clamor, din – (a loud harsh or   strident noise)   verb –1. (5) clamor, c...
clang   noun –. (1) clang, clangor, clangour, clangoring, clank, clash, crash –   (a loud resonant repeating noise; ”he co...
clank   noun –. clang, clangor, clangour, clangoring, clank, clash, crash – (a   loud resonant repeating noise; ”he could ...
clink    noun –1. chink, click, clink – (a short light metallic sound)    verb –1. (1) clink – (make a high sound typical ...
cluck    noun –. (2) cluck, clucking – (the sound made by a hen (as in calling    her chicks))    verb –. (3) cluck, click...
converse   noun –. converse – (a proposition obtained by conversion)   verb –. (5) converse, discourse – (carry on a conve...
coo      noun –. coo – (the sound made by a pigeon)      verb –1. coo – (speak softly or lovingly; ”The mother who held he...
crackle    noun –1. (2) crackle, crackling, crepitation – (the sharp sound of    snapping noises)    verb –1. (2) crepitat...
crash   noun –1. (9) clang, clangor, clangour, clangoring, clank, clash, crash   – (a loud resonant repeating noise; ”he c...
creak   noun –. creak, creaking – (a squeaking sound; ”the creak of the   floorboards gave him away”)   verb –. (9) whine, ...
croak   noun –. croak, croaking – (a harsh hoarse utterance (as of a frog))   verb –1. (1) die, decease, perish, go, exit,...
croon   verb –. (4) croon – (sing softly)   Andrew Ernest Ritz ()     The Sense Of Sound   May 8, 2011   39 / 197
crow   noun –1. (2) crow – (black birds having a raucous call)   verb –1. (2) gloat, triumph, crow – (dwell on with satisf...
crunch   noun –1. (1) crunch – (the sound of something crunching; ”he heard   the crunch of footsteps on the gravel path”)...
cry      noun –1. (13) cry, outcry, call, yell, shout, vociferation – (a loud      utterance; often in protest or oppositi...
deaf   noun –. (2) deaf – (people who have severe hearing impairments;   ”many of the deaf use sign language”)   verb –. d...
deafening   verb –1. deafen – (be unbearably loud; ”a deafening noise”)   adj –. (1) deafening, earsplitting, thunderous, ...
din      noun –1. (9) blare, blaring, cacophony, clamor, din – (a loud harsh or      strident noise)      verb –1. (1) boo...
drawl   noun –. (1) drawl – (a slow speech pattern with prolonged vowels)   verb –. (1) drawl – (lengthen and slow down or...
drone   noun –1. (2) drone – (stingless male bee in a colony of social bees   (especially honeybees) whose sole function i...
dumb  adj –1. (9) dense, dim, dull, dumb, obtuse, slow – (slow to learn or  understand; lacking intellectual acuity; ”so d...
eavesdrop   verb –. listen in, eavesdrop – (listen without the speaker’s knowledge;   ”the jealous man was eavesdropping o...
echo   noun –1. (5) echo, reverberation, sound reflection, replication – (the   repetition of a sound resulting from reflect...
fizz      noun –. fizz – (an effervescent beverage (usually alcoholic))      verb –. foam, froth, fizz, effervesce, sparkle, fo...
gab      noun –. chitchat, chit-chat, chit chat, small talk, gab, gabfest,      gossip, tittle-tattle, chin wag, chin-wag,...
gabble   noun –. jabber, jabbering, gabble – (rapid and indistinct speech)   verb –. (1) chatter, piffle, palaver, prate, ti...
giggle    noun –. (1) giggle – (a foolish or nervous laugh)    verb –. (4) giggle, titter – (laugh nervously; ”The girls g...
gobble   noun –. gobble – (the characteristic sound made by a turkey cock)   verb –1. (2) gobble, bolt – (eat hastily with...
gong   noun –1. gong, tam-tam – (a percussion instrument consisting of a   metal plate that is struck with a softheaded dr...
gossip    noun –1. (3) chitchat, chit-chat, chit chat, small talk, gab, gabfest,    gossip, tittle-tattle, chin wag, chin-...
groan   noun –. (2) groan, moan – (an utterance expressing pain or   disapproval)   verb –. (7) groan, moan – (indicate pa...
growl   noun –. (1) growl, growling – (the sound of growling (as made by   animals))   verb –. (4) grumble, growl, rumble ...
gruff   adj –1. (1) crusty, curmudgeonly, gruff, ill-humored, ill-humoure d –   (brusque and surly and forbidding; ”crusty r...
grumble   noun –1. (1) rumble, rumbling, grumble, grumbling – (a loud low   dull continuous noise; ”they heard the rumblin...
grunt   noun –1. (2) grunt, oink – (the short low gruff noise of the kind   made by hogs)   verb –. (11) grunt – (issue a g...
gurgle    noun –. gurgle – (the bubbling sound of water flowing from a bottle    with a narrow neck)    verb –1. ripple, ba...
harmony   noun –1. (6) harmony, harmoniousness – (compatibility in opinion   and action)  Andrew Ernest Ritz ()     The Se...
hear   verb –1. (275) hear – (perceive (sound) via the auditory sense)   Andrew Ernest Ritz ()     The Sense Of Sound     ...
hiss       noun –1. hiss, hissing, hushing, fizzle, sibilation – (a fricative sound       (especially as an expression of d...
hoarse   adj –. (7) gruff, hoarse, husky – (deep and harsh sounding as if from   shouting or illness or emotion; ”gruff voic...
honk   noun –. honk – (the cry of a goose (or any sound resembling this))   verb –1. honk, blare, beep, claxon, toot – (ma...
hoot   noun –1. (1) hoot – (a loud raucous cry (as of an owl))   verb –1. (3) hoot – (to utter a loud clamorous shout; ”th...
howl   noun –1. (10) howl, howling, ululation – (a long loud emotional   utterance; ”he gave a howl of pain”; ”howls of la...
hubbub   noun –. (1) hubbub, uproar, brouhaha, katzenjammer – (loud   confused noise from many sources)  Andrew Ernest Rit...
hullabaloo    noun –. agitation, excitement, turmoil, upheaval, hullabaloo –    (disturbance usually in protest)   Andrew ...
hum  noun –1. busyness, hum – (the state of being or appearing to be  actively engaged in an activity; ”they manifested al...
hush   noun –. (1) hush, stillness, still – ((poetic) tranquil silence; ”the still   of the night”)   verb –1. (2) hush – ...
jabber    noun –. jabber, jabbering, gabble – (rapid and indistinct speech)    verb –. (2) rant, mouth off, jabber, spout, ...
jangle    noun –. jingle, jangle – (a metallic sound; ”the jingle of coins”; ”the    jangle of spurs”)    verb –. (1) jing...
jaw      noun –1. (9) jaw – (the part of the skull of a vertebrate that frames      the mouth and holds the teeth)      ve...
jeer       noun –. jeer, jeering, mockery, scoff, scoffing – (showing your       contempt by derision)       verb –. (3) jeer...
jingle    noun –1. jingle, jangle – (a metallic sound; ”the jingle of coins”; ”the    jangle of spurs”)    verb –. (1) jin...
knock   noun –1. (2) knock, knocking – (the sound of knocking (as on a door   or in an engine or bearing); ”the knocking g...
laugh   noun –1. (16) laugh, laughter – (the sound of laughing)   verb –. (64) laugh, express joy, express mirth – (produc...
laughter    noun –1. (15) laugh, laughter – (the sound of laughing)   Andrew Ernest Ritz ()     The Sense Of Sound        ...
lecture    noun –1. (8) lecture, public lecture, talk – (a speech that is open to    the public; ”he attended a lecture on...
lisp       noun –1. lisp – (a speech defect that involves pronouncing ‘s’ like       voiceless ‘th’ and ‘z’ like voiced ‘t...
listen    verb –1. (60) listen – (hear with intention; ”Listen to the sound of    this cello”)    Andrew Ernest Ritz ()   ...
loud   adj –1. (50) loud – (characterized by or producing sound of great   volume or intensity; ”a group of loud children”...
low      noun –1. low, depression – (an air mass of lower pressure; often      brings precipitation; ”a low moved in over ...
melody   noun –1. (8) tune, melody, air, strain, melodic line, line, melodic   phrase – (a succession of notes forming a d...
melodious   adj –1. (1) tuneful, melodious – (having a musical sound; especially a   pleasing tune)   Andrew Ernest Ritz (...
mew  noun –1. meow, mew, miaou, miaow, miaul – (the sound made by a  cat (or any sound resembling this))  verb –1. (1) meo...
moan   noun –. (1) groan, moan – (an utterance expressing pain or   disapproval)   verb –. (3) groan, moan – (indicate pai...
monotone   noun –1. (1) monotone, drone, droning – (an unchanging intonatio   n)   adj –1. (2) monotonic, monotone – (of a...
monotonous   adj –1. (2) humdrum, monotonous – (tediously repetitious or lacking   in variety; ”a humdrum existence; all w...
moo  noun –. moo – (the sound made by a cow or bull)  verb –. (1) moo, low – (make a low noise, characteristic of bovines)...
mum  noun –1. florist’s chrysanthemum, florists’ chrysanthemum, mum,  Dendranthema grandifloruom, Chrysanthemum morifolium – ...
mumble   noun –. mumble – (a soft indistinct utterance)   verb –1. (6) mumble, mutter, maunder, mussitate – (talk indistin...
murmur   noun –1. (2) mutter, muttering, murmur, murmuring, murmuration,   mussitation – (a low continuous indistinct soun...
mute   noun –1. mute, deaf-mute, deaf-and-dumb person – (a deaf person   who is unable to speak)   verb –. muffle, mute, dul...
mutter   noun –1. mutter, muttering, murmur, murmuring, murmuration,   mussitation – (a low continuous indistinct sound; o...
neigh   noun –. neigh, nicker, whicker, whinny – (the characteristic sounds   made by a horse)   verb –. neigh, nicker, wh...
noise    noun –1. (43) noise – (sound of any kind (especially unintelligi ble or    dissonant sound); ”he enjoyed the stre...
noisy    adj –1. (4) noisy – (full of or characterized by loud and nonmusical    sounds; ”a noisy cafeteria”; ”a small noi...
overhear   verb –. (8) catch, take in, overhear – (hear, usually without the   knowledge of the speakers; ”We overheard th...
patter    noun –1. (2) spiel, patter, line of gab – (plausible glib talk (especially    useful to a salesperson))    verb ...
peal       noun –. (1) peal, pealing, roll, rolling – (a deep prolonged sound (as       of thunder or large bells))       ...
peep   noun –1. cheep, peep – (the short weak cry of a young bird)   verb –1. (1) peep – (look furtively; ”He peeped at th...
pitch    noun –1. (5) pitch – (the property of sound that varies with variation    in the frequency of vibration)    verb ...
plunk   noun –1. plunk – (a hollow twanging sound)   verb –1. (1) clop, clump, clunk, plunk – (make or move along with a  ...
pop      noun –1. (1) dad, dada, daddy, pa, papa, pappa, pop – (an informal      term for a father; probably derived from ...
prattle    noun –. prate, prattle, idle talk, blether, chin music – (idle or foolish    and irrelevant talk)    verb –. (1...
preach   verb –1. (9) preach, prophesy – (deliver a sermon; ”The minister is   not preaching this Sunday”)   Andrew Ernest...
purr       noun –. purr – (a low vibrating sound typical of a contented cat)       verb –1. whizz, whiz, whirr, whir, birr...
quack   noun –1. (14) quack – (an untrained person who pretends to be a   physician and who dispenses medical advice)   ve...
quiet    noun –1. (1) lull, quiet – (a period of calm weather; ”there was a lull    in the storm”)    verb –1. (1) quieten...
racket    noun –1. (3) racket – (a loud and disturbing noise)    verb –1. revel, racket, make whoopie, make merry, make ha...
rant       noun –1. harangue, rant, ranting – (a loud bombastic declamation       expressed with strong emotion)       ver...
rap      noun –1. (1) blame, rap – (a reproach for some lapse or misdeed; ”he      took the blame for it”; ”it was a bum r...
rasp       noun –1. (1) rasp, rasping – (uttering in an irritated tone)       verb –1. rasp – (scrape with a rasp)   Andre...
rattle    noun –1. (3) rattle, rattling, rale – (a rapid series of short loud    sounds (as might be heard with a stethosc...
rave       noun –1. rave – (a dance party that lasts all night and electron ically       synthesized music is played; ”rav...
recite    verb –1. (2) declaim, recite – (recite in elocution)    Andrew Ernest Ritz ()      The Sense Of Sound          M...
rhythm   noun –1. (7) rhythm, beat, musical rhythm – (the basic rhythmic   unit in a piece of music; ”the piece has a fast...
ring       noun –1. (4) ring – (a characteristic sound; ”it has the ring of       sincerity”)       verb –1. (15) ring, pe...
ripple    noun –1. (4) ripple, rippling, riffle, wavelet – (a small wave on the    surface of a liquid)    verb –1. (2) ripp...
roar       noun –1. (13) boom, roar, roaring, thunder – (a deep prolonged loud       noise)       verb –1. (15) roar, howl...
roll       noun –1. (2) axial rotation, axial motion, roll – (rotary motion of an       object around its own axis; ”wheel...
rumble   noun –1. (4) rumble, rumbling, grumble, grumbling – (a loud low   dull continuous noise; ”they heard the rumbling...
rustle    noun –. (1) rustle, rustling, whisper, whispering – (a light noise, like    the noise of silk clothing or leaves...
say      noun –. say – (the chance to speak; ”let him have his say”)      verb –1. (1861) state, say, tell – (express in w...
scream   noun –1. (6) scream, screaming, shriek, shrieking, screech, screeching   – (sharp piercing cry; ”her screaming at...
screech    noun –1. (1) screech, screeching, shriek, shrieking, scream, screaming    – (a high-pitched noise resembling a ...
shriek    noun –1. (4) scream, screaming, shriek, shrieking, screech, screeching    – (sharp piercing cry; ”her screaming ...
shrill     verb –. (2) shriek, shrill, pipe up, pipe – (utter a shrill cry)     adj –1. (9) shrill, sharp – (having or emi...
shout   noun –. (3) cry, outcry, call, yell, shout, vociferation – (a loud   utterance; often in protest or opposition; ”t...
silent    adj –1. (18) silent, soundless, still – (marked by absence of sound; ”a    silent house”; ”soundless footsteps o...
silence    noun –1. (12) silence – (the state of being silent (as when no one is    speaking); ”there was a shocked silenc...
sing       verb –1. (46) sing – (deliver by singing; ”Sing Christmas carols”)   Andrew Ernest Ritz ()         The Sense Of...
singsong   noun –1. (1) singsong – (a regular and monotonous rising and falling   intonation)   verb –1. (1) singsong – (s...
siren    noun –1. Siren – (a sea nymph (part woman and part bird) supposed    to lure sailors to destruction on the rocks ...
sizzle    noun –. sizzle – (a sizzling noise)    verb –1. (1) sizzle – (make a sound like frying fat)    Andrew Ernest Rit...
slam   noun –1. slam, sweep – (winning all or all but one of the tricks in   bridge)   verb –1. (8) slam, bang – (close vi...
smack   noun –1. slap, smack – (a blow from a flat object (as an open hand))   verb –1. (2) smack, thwack – (deliver a hard...
snarl    noun –1. (1) snarl – (a vicious angry growl)    verb –1. (6) snap, snarl – (utter in an angry, sharp, or abrupt t...
snort    noun –1. snicker, snort, snigger – (a disrespectful laugh)    verb –1. (3) snort – (indicate contempt by breathin...
snuffle   noun –. snuffle, sniffle, snivel – (the act of breathing heavily through   the nose (as when the nose is congested))  ...
song   noun –1. (46) song, vocal – (a short musical composition with words;   ”a successful musical must have at least thr...
sound   noun –1. (36) sound – (the particular auditory effect produced by a   given cause; ”the sound of rain on the roof”;...
soundless    adj –. silent, soundless, still – (marked by absence of sound; ”a silent    house”; ”soundless footsteps on t...
speak   verb –1. (86) talk, speak, utter, mouth, verbalize, verbalise –   (express in speech; ”She talks a lot of nonsense...
speech   noun –1. (16) address, speech – (the act of delivering a formal   spoken communication to an audience; ”he listen...
speechless    adj –. speechless, dumb – (temporarily incapable of speaking; ”struck    dumb”; ”speechless with shock”)   A...
splash    noun –1. (1) splash, plash – (the sound like water splashing)    verb –1. (2) sprinkle, splash, splosh – (cause ...
splutter    noun –1. (1) spatter, spattering, splatter, splattering, sputter,    splutter, sputtering – (the noise of some...
squall    noun –. squall – (sudden violent winds; often accompanied by    precipitation)    verb –1. (1) squall, waul, waw...
squawk   noun –1. squawk – (the noise of squawking; ”she awoke to the   squawk of chickens”; ”the squawk of car horns”)   ...
squeak   noun –1. (1) squeak – (a short high-pitched noise; ”the squeak of   shoes on powdery snow”)   verb –. (3) whine, ...
squeal    noun –. (1) squeal – (a high-pitched howl)    verb –1. (2) squeal, oink – (utter a high-pitched cry, character i...
stammer   noun –. stammer, stutter – (a speech disorder involving hesitati ons   and involuntary repetitions of certain so...
stereophonic   adj –. (1) stereophonic, stereo, two-channel – (designating sound   transmission from two sources through t...
swish   noun –. swish – (a brushing or rustling sound)   verb –. (1) lap, swish, swosh, swoosh – (move with or cause to mo...
tap      noun –1. (3) pat, rap, tap – (the sound made by a gentle blow)      verb –1. (6) tap – (cut a female screw thread...
tattle    noun –. tattle, singing, telling – (disclosing information or giving    evidence about another)    verb –1. chat...
thud   noun –. (1) thump, thumping, clump, clunk, thud – (a heavy dull   sound (as made by impact of heavy objects))   ver...
thump   noun –1. thump, thumping, clump, clunk, thud – (a heavy dull sound   (as made by impact of heavy objects))   verb ...
thunder   noun –1. (8) boom, roar, roaring, thunder – (a deep prolonged loud   noise)   verb –1. (2) thunder – (move fast,...
tick       noun –1. (2) tick, ticking – (a metallic tapping sound; ”he counted       the ticks of the clock”)       verb –...
tinkle    noun –. (1) ting, tinkle – (a light clear metallic sound as of a small    bell)    verb –. (2) tinkle, tink, cli...
tool       noun –1. (15) tool – (an implement used in the practice of a       vocation)       verb –1. (1) tool – (drive; ...
tone   noun –1. (24) tone, tone of voice – (the quality of a person’s voice;   ”he began in a conversational tone”; ”he sp...
toot   noun –1. toot – (a blast of a horn)   verb –. honk, blare, beep, claxon, toot – (make a loud noise; ”The   horns of...
tread    noun –1. (2) pace, stride, tread – (a step in walking or running)    verb –1. (3) step, tread – (put down or pres...
trill        noun –1. (3) trill, shake – (a note that alternates rapidly with        another note a semitone above it)    ...
trumpet   noun –. (1) cornet, horn, trumpet, trump – (a brass musical   instrument with a brilliant tone; has a narrow tub...
tune   noun –1. (12) tune, melody, air, strain, melodic line, line, melodic   phrase – (a succession of notes forming a di...
twang   noun –1. twang – (a sharp vibrating sound (as of a plucked string))   verb –1. twang – (cause to sound with a twan...
twitter    noun –. chirrup, twitter – (a series of chirps)    verb –. chitter, twitter – (make high-pitched sounds, as of ...
undertow   noun –1. undertow – (an inclination contrary to the strongest or   prevailing feeling; ”his account had a poign...
uproar   noun –1. (4) tumult, tumultuousness, uproar, garboil – (a state of   commotion and noise and confusion)   Andrew ...
vocal    noun –1. vocal music, vocal – (music intended to be performed by    one or more singers, usually with instrumenta...
voice    noun –1. (78) voice – (the distinctive quality or pitch or condition of    a person’s speech; ”A shrill voice sou...
volume   noun –1. (25) volume – (the amount of 3-dimensional space occupied   by an object; ”the gas expanded to twice its...
wail       noun –. (2) lament, lamentation, plaint, wail – (a cry of sorrow and       grief; ”their pitiful laments could ...
warble   noun –. warble – (a lumpy abscess under the hide of domestic   mammals caused by larvae of a botfly or warble fly) ...
weep   verb –. (20) cry, weep – (shed tears because of sadness, rage, or   pain; ”She cried bitterly when she heard the ne...
whimper   noun –. whimper, whine – (a complaint uttered in a plaintive whining   way)   verb –. (1) wail, whimper, mewl, p...
whine   noun –. whimper, whine – (a complaint uttered in a plaintive whining   way)   verb –1. (1) whine – (move with a wh...
whiney   adj –. fretful, querulous, whiney, whiny – (habitually complaini ng; ”a   whiny child”)   Andrew Ernest Ritz ()  ...
whinny   noun –. neigh, nicker, whicker, whinny – (the characteristic sounds   made by a horse)   verb –. (2) neigh, nicke...
whisper   noun –1. (6) whisper, whispering, susurration, voicelessness –   (speaking softly without vibration of the vocal...
whistle    noun –1. whistle, whistling – (the sound made by something moving    rapidly or by steam coming out of a small ...
whoop   noun –. whoop – (a loud hooting cry of exultation or excitement)   verb –1. (3) whoop – (shout, as if with joy or ...
yap      noun –. trap, cakehole, hole, maw, yap, gob – (informal terms for the      mouth)      verb –. (1) yelp, yip, yap...
yell       noun –1. (7) cry, outcry, call, yell, shout, vociferation – (a loud       utterance; often in protest or opposi...
yelp       noun –. (1) yip, yelp, yelping – (a sharp high-pitched cry (especially       by a dog))       verb –. (3) yelp,...
yip      noun –. yip, yelp, yelping – (a sharp high-pitched cry (especial ly by a      dog))      verb –. yelp, yip, yap –...
yodel    noun –. yodel – (a songlike cry in which the voice fluctuates rapidly    between the normal voice and falsetto)   ...
yowl   noun –. bellow, bellowing, holla, holler, hollering, hollo, holloa, roar,   roaring, yowl – (a very loud utterance ...
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Words associated with the sense of hearing

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Sound

  1. 1. The Sense Of Sound Andrew Ernest Ritz May 8, 2011Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 1 / 197
  2. 2. babble noun –. babble, babbling, lallation – (gibberish resembling the sounds of a baby) verb –1. (3) babble – (utter meaningless sounds, like a baby, or utter in an incoherent way; ”The old man is only babbling–don’t pay attention”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 2 / 197
  3. 3. bang noun –1. (2) knock, bash, bang, smash, belt – (a vigorous blow; ”the sudden knock floored him”; ”he took a bash right in his face”; ”he got a bang on the head”) verb –1. (3) slam, bang – (strike violently; ”slam the ball”) adv –. (1) bang, slap, slapdash, smack, bolt – (directly; ”he ran bang into the pole”; ”ran slap into her”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 3 / 197
  4. 4. bark noun –1. (4) bark – (tough protective covering of the woody stems and roots of trees and other woody plants) verb –1. (1) bark – (speak in an unfriendly tone; ”She barked into the dictaphone”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 4 / 197
  5. 5. bawl verb –1. (8) bawl, bellow – (shout loudly and without restraint) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 5 / 197
  6. 6. bay noun –1. (7) bay, embayment – (an indentation of a shoreline larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf) verb –1. (1) bay – (utter in deep prolonged tones) adj –. bay – ((used of animals especially a horse) of a moderate reddish-brown color) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 6 / 197
  7. 7. beat noun –1. (1) beat, round – (a regular route for a sentry or policeman; ”in the old days a policeman walked a beat and knew all his people by name”) verb –1. (18) beat, beat out, crush, shell, trounce, vanquish – (come out better in a competition, race, or conflict; ”Agassi beat Becker in the tennis championship”; ”We beat the competition”; ”Harvard defeated Yale in the last football game”) adj –. all in, beat, bushed, dead – (very tired; ”was all in at the end of the day”; ”so beat I could flop down and go to sleep anywhere”; ”bushed after all that exercise”; ”I’m dead after that long trip”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 7 / 197
  8. 8. bell noun –1. (9) bell – (a hollow device made of metal that makes a ringing sound when struck) verb –. bell – (attach a bell to; ”bell cows”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 8 / 197
  9. 9. bellow noun –1. (2) bellow, bellowing, holla, holler, hollering, hollo, holloa, roar, roaring, yowl – (a very loud utterance (like the sound of an animal); ”his bellow filled the hallway”) verb –1. (10) bawl, bellow – (shout loudly and without restraint ) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 9 / 197
  10. 10. blab verb –1. (1) spill the beans, let the cat out of the bag, talk, tattle, blab, peach, babble, sing, babble out, blab out – (divulge confidential information or secrets; ”Be careful–his secretary talks”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 10 / 197
  11. 11. blabbermouth noun –. tattletale, tattler, taleteller, talebearer, telltale, blabbermouth – (someone who gossips indiscreetly) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 11 / 197
  12. 12. blare noun –. (1) blare, blaring, cacophony, clamor, din – (a loud harsh or strident noise) verb –1. (1) blast, blare – (make a strident sound; ”She tended to blast when speaking into a microphone”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 12 / 197
  13. 13. blast noun –1. (2) blast – (a very long fly ball) verb –1. (3) blast, blare – (make a strident sound; ”She tended to blast when speaking into a microphone”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 13 / 197
  14. 14. blubber noun –1. blubber – (an insulating layer of fat under the skin of whales and other large marine mammals; used as a source of oil) verb –1. (1) snivel, sniffle, blubber, blub, snuffle – (cry or whine with snuffling; ”Stop snivelling–you got yourself into this mess!”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 14 / 197
  15. 15. boom noun –1. (2) boom, roar, roaring, thunder – (a deep prolonged loud noise) verb –1. (5) boom, din – (make a resonant sound, like artillery; ”His deep voice boomed through the hall”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 15 / 197
  16. 16. bray noun –. bray – (the cry of an ass) verb –1. hee-haw, bray – (braying characteristic of donkeys) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 16 / 197
  17. 17. buzz noun –1. (1) buzz, bombilation, bombination – (sound of rapid vibration; ”the buzz of a bumble bee”) verb –1. (4) buzz, bombinate, bombilate – (make a buzzing sound; ”bees were buzzing around the hive”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 17 / 197
  18. 18. cackle noun –1. cackle – (the sound made by a hen after laying an egg) verb –1. (2) cackle – (talk or utter in a cackling manner; ”The women cackled when they saw the movie star step out of the limousine”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 18 / 197
  19. 19. caw noun –. caw – (the sound made by corvine birds) verb –. (1) caw – (utter a cry, characteristic of crows, rooks, or ravens) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 19 / 197
  20. 20. chant noun –. chant – (a repetitive song in which as many syllables as necessary are assigned to a single tone) verb –1. (6) chant, intone, intonate, cantillate – (recite with musical intonation; recite as a chant or a psalm; ”The rabbi chanted a prayer”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 20 / 197
  21. 21. chatter noun –1. (2) yak, yack, yakety-yak, chatter, cackle – (noisy talk) verb –1. (1) chatter, click – (click repeatedly or uncontrollabl y; ”Chattering teeth”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 21 / 197
  22. 22. cheep noun –. cheep, peep – (the short weak cry of a young bird) verb –. peep, cheep, chirp, chirrup – (make high-pitched sounds; ”the birds were chirping in the bushes”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 22 / 197
  23. 23. cheer noun –1. (14) cheer – (a cry or shout of approval) verb –1. (1) cheer, hearten, recreate, embolden – (give encourag ement to) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 23 / 197
  24. 24. chime noun –. chime, bell, gong – (a percussion instrument consisting of a set of tuned bells that are struck with a hammer; used as an orchestral instrument) verb –. chime – (emit a sound; ”bells and gongs chimed”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 24 / 197
  25. 25. chirp noun –. chirp – (a sharp sound made by small birds or insects) verb –1. (1) peep, cheep, chirp, chirrup – (make high-pitched sounds; ”the birds were chirping in the bushes”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 25 / 197
  26. 26. chuckle noun –. (1) chortle, chuckle – (a soft partly suppressed laugh) verb –. (8) chuckle, chortle, laugh softly – (laugh quietly or with restraint) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 26 / 197
  27. 27. clack noun –1. clack, clap – (a sharp abrupt noise as if two objects hit together; may be repeated) verb –1. clatter, clack, brattle – (make a rattling sound; ”clattering dishes”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 27 / 197
  28. 28. clamor noun –1. (5) blare, blaring, cacophony, clamor, din – (a loud harsh or strident noise) verb –1. (5) clamor, clamour – (make loud demands; ”he clamored for justice and tolerance”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 28 / 197
  29. 29. clang noun –. (1) clang, clangor, clangour, clangoring, clank, clash, crash – (a loud resonant repeating noise; ”he could hear the clang of distant bells”) verb –. (3) clang, clangor – (make a loud noise; ”clanging metal”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 29 / 197
  30. 30. clank noun –. clang, clangor, clangour, clangoring, clank, clash, crash – (a loud resonant repeating noise; ”he could hear the clang of distant bells”) verb –. (1) clank – (make a clank; ”the train clanked through the village”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 30 / 197
  31. 31. clink noun –1. chink, click, clink – (a short light metallic sound) verb –1. (1) clink – (make a high sound typical of glass; ”champagne glasses clinked to make a toast”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 31 / 197
  32. 32. cluck noun –. (2) cluck, clucking – (the sound made by a hen (as in calling her chicks)) verb –. (3) cluck, click, clack – (make a clucking sounds, characteristic of hens) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 32 / 197
  33. 33. converse noun –. converse – (a proposition obtained by conversion) verb –. (5) converse, discourse – (carry on a conversation) adj –1. converse – (of words so related that one reverses the relation denoted by the other; ”‘parental’ and ‘filial’ are converse terms”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 33 / 197
  34. 34. coo noun –. coo – (the sound made by a pigeon) verb –1. coo – (speak softly or lovingly; ”The mother who held her baby was cooing softly”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 34 / 197
  35. 35. crackle noun –1. (2) crackle, crackling, crepitation – (the sharp sound of snapping noises) verb –1. (2) crepitate, crackle – (make a crackling sound; ”My Rice Krispies crackled in the bowl”) adj –. crackle – (having the surface decorated with a network of fine cracks, as in crackleware; ”a crackle glaze”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 35 / 197
  36. 36. crash noun –1. (9) clang, clangor, clangour, clangoring, clank, clash, crash – (a loud resonant repeating noise; ”he could hear the clang of distant bells”) verb –1. (9) crash – (fall or come down violently; ”The branch crashed down on my car”; ”The plane crashed in the sea”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 36 / 197
  37. 37. creak noun –. creak, creaking – (a squeaking sound; ”the creak of the floorboards gave him away”) verb –. (9) whine, squeak, screech, creak, screak, skreak – (make a high-pitched, screeching noise; ”The door creaked when I opened it slowly”; ”My car engine makes a whining noise”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 37 / 197
  38. 38. croak noun –. croak, croaking – (a harsh hoarse utterance (as of a frog)) verb –1. (1) die, decease, perish, go, exit, pass away, expire, pass, kick the bucket, cash in one’s chips, buy the farm, conk, give-up the ghost, drop dead, pop off, choke, croak, snuff it – (pass from physical life and lose all bodily attributes and functions necessary to sustain life; ”She died from cancer”; ”The children perished in the fire”; ”The patient went peacefully”; ”The old guy kicked the bucket at the age of 102”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 38 / 197
  39. 39. croon verb –. (4) croon – (sing softly) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 39 / 197
  40. 40. crow noun –1. (2) crow – (black birds having a raucous call) verb –1. (2) gloat, triumph, crow – (dwell on with satisfaction) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 40 / 197
  41. 41. crunch noun –1. (1) crunch – (the sound of something crunching; ”he heard the crunch of footsteps on the gravel path”) verb –1. (1) crunch, scranch, scraunch, crackle – (make a crushing noise; ”his shoes were crunching on the gravel”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 41 / 197
  42. 42. cry noun –1. (13) cry, outcry, call, yell, shout, vociferation – (a loud utterance; often in protest or opposition; ”the speaker was interrupted by loud cries from the rear of the audience”) verb –1. (17) shout, shout out, cry, call, yell, scream, holler, hollo, squall – (utter a sudden loud cry; ”she cried with pain when the doctor inserted the needle”; ”I yelled to her from the window but she couldn’t hear me”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 42 / 197
  43. 43. deaf noun –. (2) deaf – (people who have severe hearing impairments; ”many of the deaf use sign language”) verb –. deafen, deaf – (make or render deaf; ”a deafening noise”) adj –1. (7) deaf – (lacking or deprived of the sense of hearing wholly or in part) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 43 / 197
  44. 44. deafening verb –1. deafen – (be unbearably loud; ”a deafening noise”) adj –. (1) deafening, earsplitting, thunderous, thundery – (loud enough to cause (temporary) hearing loss) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 44 / 197
  45. 45. din noun –1. (9) blare, blaring, cacophony, clamor, din – (a loud harsh or strident noise) verb –1. (1) boom, din – (make a resonant sound, like artillery; ”His deep voice boomed through the hall”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 45 / 197
  46. 46. drawl noun –. (1) drawl – (a slow speech pattern with prolonged vowels) verb –. (1) drawl – (lengthen and slow down or draw out; ”drawl one’s vowels”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 46 / 197
  47. 47. drone noun –1. (2) drone – (stingless male bee in a colony of social bees (especially honeybees) whose sole function is to mate with the queen) verb –1. drone – (make a monotonous low dull sound; ”The harmonium was droning on”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 47 / 197
  48. 48. dumb adj –1. (9) dense, dim, dull, dumb, obtuse, slow – (slow to learn or understand; lacking intellectual acuity; ”so dense he never understands anything I say to him”; ”never met anyone quite so dim”; ”although dull at classical learning, at mathematics he was uncommonly quick”- Thackeray; ”dumb officials make some really dumb decisions”; ”he was either normally stupid or being deliberately obtuse”; ”worked with the slow students”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 48 / 197
  49. 49. eavesdrop verb –. listen in, eavesdrop – (listen without the speaker’s knowledge; ”the jealous man was eavesdropping on his wife’s conversati ons”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 49 / 197
  50. 50. echo noun –1. (5) echo, reverberation, sound reflection, replication – (the repetition of a sound resulting from reflection of the sound waves; ”she could hear echoes of her own footsteps”) verb –1. (5) repeat, echo – (to say again or imitate; ”followers echoing the cries of their leaders”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 50 / 197
  51. 51. fizz noun –. fizz – (an effervescent beverage (usually alcoholic)) verb –. foam, froth, fizz, effervesce, sparkle, form bubbles – (become bubbly or frothy or foaming; ”The boiling soup was frothing ”; ”The river was foaming”; ”Sparkling water”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 51 / 197
  52. 52. gab noun –. chitchat, chit-chat, chit chat, small talk, gab, gabfest, gossip, tittle-tattle, chin wag, chin-wag, chin wagging, chin-wagging, causerie – (light informal conversation for social occasions) verb –. yak, gab – (talk profusely; ”she was yakking away about her grandchildren”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 52 / 197
  53. 53. gabble noun –. jabber, jabbering, gabble – (rapid and indistinct speech) verb –. (1) chatter, piffle, palaver, prate, tittle-tattle, twaddle, clack, maunder, prattle, blab, gibber, tattle, blabber, gabble – (speak (about unimportant matters) rapidly and incessantly) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 53 / 197
  54. 54. giggle noun –. (1) giggle – (a foolish or nervous laugh) verb –. (4) giggle, titter – (laugh nervously; ”The girls giggled when the rock star came into the classroom”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 54 / 197
  55. 55. gobble noun –. gobble – (the characteristic sound made by a turkey cock) verb –1. (2) gobble, bolt – (eat hastily without proper chewing; ”Don’t bolt your food!”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 55 / 197
  56. 56. gong noun –1. gong, tam-tam – (a percussion instrument consisting of a metal plate that is struck with a softheaded drumstick) verb –. gong – (sound a gong) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 56 / 197
  57. 57. gossip noun –1. (3) chitchat, chit-chat, chit chat, small talk, gab, gabfest, gossip, tittle-tattle, chin wag, chin-wag, chin wagging, chin-wagging, causerie – (light informal conversation for social occasions) verb –1. dish the dirt, gossip – (wag one’s tongue; speak about others and reveal secrets or intimacies; ”She won’t dish the dirt”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 57 / 197
  58. 58. groan noun –. (2) groan, moan – (an utterance expressing pain or disapproval) verb –. (7) groan, moan – (indicate pain, discomfort, or displeasure; ”The students groaned when the professor got out the exam booklets”; ”The ancient door soughed when opened”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 58 / 197
  59. 59. growl noun –. (1) growl, growling – (the sound of growling (as made by animals)) verb –. (4) grumble, growl, rumble – (to utter or emit low dull rumbling sounds; ”he grumbled a rude response”; ”Stones grumbled down the cliff”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 59 / 197
  60. 60. gruff adj –1. (1) crusty, curmudgeonly, gruff, ill-humored, ill-humoure d – (brusque and surly and forbidding; ”crusty remarks”; ”a crusty old man”; ”his curmudgeonly temper”; ”gruff manner”; ”a gruff reply”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 60 / 197
  61. 61. grumble noun –1. (1) rumble, rumbling, grumble, grumbling – (a loud low dull continuous noise; ”they heard the rumbling of thunder”) verb –1. (5) grouch, grumble, scold – (show one’s unhappiness or critical attitude; ”He scolded about anything that he thought was wrong”; ”We grumbled about the increased work load”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 61 / 197
  62. 62. grunt noun –1. (2) grunt, oink – (the short low gruff noise of the kind made by hogs) verb –. (11) grunt – (issue a grunting, low, animal-like noise; ”He grunted his reluctant approval”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 62 / 197
  63. 63. gurgle noun –. gurgle – (the bubbling sound of water flowing from a bottle with a narrow neck) verb –1. ripple, babble, guggle, burble, bubble, gurgle – (flow in an irregular current with a bubbling noise; ”babbling brooks”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 63 / 197
  64. 64. harmony noun –1. (6) harmony, harmoniousness – (compatibility in opinion and action) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 64 / 197
  65. 65. hear verb –1. (275) hear – (perceive (sound) via the auditory sense) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 65 / 197
  66. 66. hiss noun –1. hiss, hissing, hushing, fizzle, sibilation – (a fricative sound (especially as an expression of disapproval); ”the performers could not be heard over the hissing of the audience”) verb –1. (1) hiss, siss, sizz, sibilate – (make a sharp hissing sound, as if to show disapproval) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 66 / 197
  67. 67. hoarse adj –. (7) gruff, hoarse, husky – (deep and harsh sounding as if from shouting or illness or emotion; ”gruff voices”; ”the dog’s gruff barking”; ”hoarse cries”; ”makes all the instruments sound powerful but husky”- Virgil Thomson) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 67 / 197
  68. 68. honk noun –. honk – (the cry of a goose (or any sound resembling this)) verb –1. honk, blare, beep, claxon, toot – (make a loud noise; ”The horns of the taxis blared”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 68 / 197
  69. 69. hoot noun –1. (1) hoot – (a loud raucous cry (as of an owl)) verb –1. (3) hoot – (to utter a loud clamorous shout; ”the toughs and blades of the city hoot and bang their drums, drink arak, play dice, and dance”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 69 / 197
  70. 70. howl noun –1. (10) howl, howling, ululation – (a long loud emotional utterance; ”he gave a howl of pain”; ”howls of laughter”; ”their howling had no effect”) verb –1. (3) howl, ululate, wail, roar, yawl, yaup – (emit long loud cries; ”wail in self-pity”; ”howl with sorrow”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 70 / 197
  71. 71. hubbub noun –. (1) hubbub, uproar, brouhaha, katzenjammer – (loud confused noise from many sources) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 71 / 197
  72. 72. hullabaloo noun –. agitation, excitement, turmoil, upheaval, hullabaloo – (disturbance usually in protest) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 72 / 197
  73. 73. hum noun –1. busyness, hum – (the state of being or appearing to be actively engaged in an activity; ”they manifested all the busyness of a pack of beavers”; ”there is a constant hum of military preparation”) verb –1. (4) hum – (sing with closed lips; ”She hummed a melody”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 73 / 197
  74. 74. hush noun –. (1) hush, stillness, still – ((poetic) tranquil silence; ”the still of the night”) verb –1. (2) hush – (become quiet or still; fall silent; ”hush my baby!”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 74 / 197
  75. 75. jabber noun –. jabber, jabbering, gabble – (rapid and indistinct speech) verb –. (2) rant, mouth off, jabber, spout, rabbit on, rave – (talk in a noisy, excited, or declamatory manner) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 75 / 197
  76. 76. jangle noun –. jingle, jangle – (a metallic sound; ”the jingle of coins”; ”the jangle of spurs”) verb –. (1) jingle, jingle-jangle, jangle – (make a sound typical of metallic objects; ”The keys were jingling in his pocket”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 76 / 197
  77. 77. jaw noun –1. (9) jaw – (the part of the skull of a vertebrate that frames the mouth and holds the teeth) verb –1. (1) chew the fat, shoot the breeze, chat, confabulate, confab, chitchat, chit-chat, chatter, chaffer, natter, gossip, jaw, claver, visit – (talk socially without exchanging too much information; ”the men were sitting in the cafe and shooting the breeze”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 77 / 197
  78. 78. jeer noun –. jeer, jeering, mockery, scoff, scoffing – (showing your contempt by derision) verb –. (3) jeer, scoff, flout, barrack, gibe – (laugh at with contempt and derision; ”The crowd jeered at the speaker”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 78 / 197
  79. 79. jingle noun –1. jingle, jangle – (a metallic sound; ”the jingle of coins”; ”the jangle of spurs”) verb –. (1) jingle, jingle-jangle, jangle – (make a sound typical of metallic objects; ”The keys were jingling in his pocket”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 79 / 197
  80. 80. knock noun –1. (2) knock, knocking – (the sound of knocking (as on a door or in an engine or bearing); ”the knocking grew louder”) verb –1. (7) knock, strike hard – (deliver a sharp blow or push :”He knocked the glass clear across the room”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 80 / 197
  81. 81. laugh noun –1. (16) laugh, laughter – (the sound of laughing) verb –. (64) laugh, express joy, express mirth – (produce laughter) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 81 / 197
  82. 82. laughter noun –1. (15) laugh, laughter – (the sound of laughing) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 82 / 197
  83. 83. lecture noun –1. (8) lecture, public lecture, talk – (a speech that is open to the public; ”he attended a lecture on telecommunications”) verb –1. (4) lecture, talk – (deliver a lecture or talk; ”She will talk at Rutgers next week”; ”Did you ever lecture at Harvard?”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 83 / 197
  84. 84. lisp noun –1. lisp – (a speech defect that involves pronouncing ‘s’ like voiceless ‘th’ and ‘z’ like voiced ‘th’) verb –. lisp – (speak with a lisp) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 84 / 197
  85. 85. listen verb –1. (60) listen – (hear with intention; ”Listen to the sound of this cello”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 85 / 197
  86. 86. loud adj –1. (50) loud – (characterized by or producing sound of great volume or intensity; ”a group of loud children”; ”loud thunder”; ”her voice was too loud”; ”loud trombones”) adv –. (1) loudly, loud, aloud – (with relatively high volume; ”the band played loudly”; ”she spoke loudly and angrily”; ”he spoke loud enough for those at the back of the room to hear him”; ”cried aloud for help”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 86 / 197
  87. 87. low noun –1. low, depression – (an air mass of lower pressure; often brings precipitation; ”a low moved in over night bringing sleet and snow”) verb –. moo, low – (make a low noise, characteristic of bovines) adj –1. (55) low – (less than normal in degree or intensity or amount; ”low prices”; ”the reservoir is low”) adv –. (3) low – (in a low position; near the ground; ”the branches hung low”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 87 / 197
  88. 88. melody noun –1. (8) tune, melody, air, strain, melodic line, line, melodic phrase – (a succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence; ”she was humming an air from Beethoven”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 88 / 197
  89. 89. melodious adj –1. (1) tuneful, melodious – (having a musical sound; especially a pleasing tune) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 89 / 197
  90. 90. mew noun –1. meow, mew, miaou, miaow, miaul – (the sound made by a cat (or any sound resembling this)) verb –1. (1) meow, mew – (cry like a cat; ”the cat meowed”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 90 / 197
  91. 91. moan noun –. (1) groan, moan – (an utterance expressing pain or disapproval) verb –. (3) groan, moan – (indicate pain, discomfort, or displeasure; ”The students groaned when the professor got out the exam booklets”; ”The ancient door soughed when opened”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 91 / 197
  92. 92. monotone noun –1. (1) monotone, drone, droning – (an unchanging intonatio n) adj –1. (2) monotonic, monotone – (of a sequence or function; consistently increasing and never decreasing or consistently decreasin g and never increasing in value) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 92 / 197
  93. 93. monotonous adj –1. (2) humdrum, monotonous – (tediously repetitious or lacking in variety; ”a humdrum existence; all work and no play”; ”nothing is so monotonous as the sea”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 93 / 197
  94. 94. moo noun –. moo – (the sound made by a cow or bull) verb –. (1) moo, low – (make a low noise, characteristic of bovines) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 94 / 197
  95. 95. mum noun –1. florist’s chrysanthemum, florists’ chrysanthemum, mum, Dendranthema grandifloruom, Chrysanthemum morifolium – (of China) adj –. (1) mum, silent – (failing to speak or communicate etc when expected to; ”the witness remained silent”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 95 / 197
  96. 96. mumble noun –. mumble – (a soft indistinct utterance) verb –1. (6) mumble, mutter, maunder, mussitate – (talk indistin ctly; usually in a low voice) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 96 / 197
  97. 97. murmur noun –1. (2) mutter, muttering, murmur, murmuring, murmuration, mussitation – (a low continuous indistinct sound; often accompanied by movement of the lips without the production of articulate speech) verb –1. (15) murmur – (speak softly or indistinctly; ”She murmured softly to the baby in her arms”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 97 / 197
  98. 98. mute noun –1. mute, deaf-mute, deaf-and-dumb person – (a deaf person who is unable to speak) verb –. muffle, mute, dull, damp, dampen, tone down – (deaden (a sound or noise), especially by wrapping) adj –1. (3) mute, tongueless, unspoken, wordless – (expressed without speech; ”a mute appeal”; ”a silent curse”; ”best grief is tongueless”- Emily Dickinson; ”the words stopped at her lips unsounded”; ”unspoken grief”; ”choking exasperation and wordless shame”- Thomas Wolfe) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 98 / 197
  99. 99. mutter noun –1. mutter, muttering, murmur, murmuring, murmuration, mussitation – (a low continuous indistinct sound; often accompanied by movement of the lips without the production of articulate speech) verb –1. (19) mumble, mutter, maunder, mussitate – (talk indistinctly; usually in a low voice) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 99 / 197
  100. 100. neigh noun –. neigh, nicker, whicker, whinny – (the characteristic sounds made by a horse) verb –. neigh, nicker, whicker, whinny – (make a characteristic sound, of a horse) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 100 / 197
  101. 101. noise noun –1. (43) noise – (sound of any kind (especially unintelligi ble or dissonant sound); ”he enjoyed the street noises”; ”they heard indistinct noises of people talking”; ”during the firework display that ended the gala the noise reached 98 decibels”) verb –. make noise, resound, noise – (emit a noise) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 101 / 197
  102. 102. noisy adj –1. (4) noisy – (full of or characterized by loud and nonmusical sounds; ”a noisy cafeteria”; ”a small noisy dog”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 102 / 197
  103. 103. overhear verb –. (8) catch, take in, overhear – (hear, usually without the knowledge of the speakers; ”We overheard the conversation at the next table”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 103 / 197
  104. 104. patter noun –1. (2) spiel, patter, line of gab – (plausible glib talk (especially useful to a salesperson)) verb –1. sprinkle, spit, spatter, patter, pitter-patter – (rain gently; ”It has only sprinkled, but the roads are slick”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 104 / 197
  105. 105. peal noun –. (1) peal, pealing, roll, rolling – (a deep prolonged sound (as of thunder or large bells)) verb –1. peal – (ring recurrently; ”bells were pealing”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 105 / 197
  106. 106. peep noun –1. cheep, peep – (the short weak cry of a young bird) verb –1. (1) peep – (look furtively; ”He peeped at the woman through the window”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 106 / 197
  107. 107. pitch noun –1. (5) pitch – (the property of sound that varies with variation in the frequency of vibration) verb –1. (6) flip, toss, sky, pitch – (throw or toss with a light motion; ”flip me the beachball”; ”toss me newspaper”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 107 / 197
  108. 108. plunk noun –1. plunk – (a hollow twanging sound) verb –1. (1) clop, clump, clunk, plunk – (make or move along with a sound as of a horse’s hooves striking the ground) adv –. plop, plunk – (with a short hollow thud; ”plop came the ball down to the corner of the green”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 108 / 197
  109. 109. pop noun –1. (1) dad, dada, daddy, pa, papa, pappa, pop – (an informal term for a father; probably derived from baby talk) verb –1. (3) start, protrude, pop, pop out, bulge, bulge out, bug out, come out – (bulge outward; ”His eyes popped”) adj –. popular, pop – ((of music or art) new and of general appeal (especially among young people)) adv –. pop – (like a pop or with a pop; ”everything went pop”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 109 / 197
  110. 110. prattle noun –. prate, prattle, idle talk, blether, chin music – (idle or foolish and irrelevant talk) verb –. (1) chatter, piffle, palaver, prate, tittle-tattle, twaddle, clack, maunder, prattle, blab, gibber, tattle, blabber, gabble – (speak (about unimportant matters) rapidly and incessantly) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 110 / 197
  111. 111. preach verb –1. (9) preach, prophesy – (deliver a sermon; ”The minister is not preaching this Sunday”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 111 / 197
  112. 112. purr noun –. purr – (a low vibrating sound typical of a contented cat) verb –1. whizz, whiz, whirr, whir, birr, purr – (make a soft swishing sound; ”the motor whirred”; ”the car engine purred”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 112 / 197
  113. 113. quack noun –1. (14) quack – (an untrained person who pretends to be a physician and who dispenses medical advice) verb –1. (1) quack – (utter quacking noises; ”The ducks quacked” ) adj –. (4) quack – (medically unqualified; ”a quack doctor”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 113 / 197
  114. 114. quiet noun –1. (1) lull, quiet – (a period of calm weather; ”there was a lull in the storm”) verb –1. (1) quieten, hush, quiet, quiesce, quiet down, pipe down – (become quiet or quieter; ”The audience fell silent when the speaker entered”) adj –1. (13) quiet – (characterized by an absence or near absence of agitation or activity; ”a quiet life”; ”a quiet throng of onlookers”; ”quiet peace-loving people”; ”the factions remained quiet for almost 10 years”) adv –. (1) quietly, quiet – (with little or no activity or no agitation (‘quiet’ is a nonstandard variant for ‘quietly’); ”her hands rested quietly in her lap”; ”the rock star was quietly led out the back door”; ”sit here as quiet as you can”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 114 / 197
  115. 115. racket noun –1. (3) racket – (a loud and disturbing noise) verb –1. revel, racket, make whoopie, make merry, make happy, whoop it up, jollify, wassail – (celebrate noisily, often indulging in drinking; engage in uproarious festivities; ”The members of the wedding party made merry all night”; ”Let’s whoop it up–the boss is gone!”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 115 / 197
  116. 116. rant noun –1. harangue, rant, ranting – (a loud bombastic declamation expressed with strong emotion) verb –. rant, mouth off, jabber, spout, rabbit on, rave – (talk in a noisy, excited, or declamatory manner) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 116 / 197
  117. 117. rap noun –1. (1) blame, rap – (a reproach for some lapse or misdeed; ”he took the blame for it”; ”it was a bum rap”) verb –1. (5) rap, knap – (strike sharply; ”rap him on the knuckles”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 117 / 197
  118. 118. rasp noun –1. (1) rasp, rasping – (uttering in an irritated tone) verb –1. rasp – (scrape with a rasp) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 118 / 197
  119. 119. rattle noun –1. (3) rattle, rattling, rale – (a rapid series of short loud sounds (as might be heard with a stethoscope in some types of respiratory disorders); ”the death rattle”) verb –1. (4) rattle – (make short successive sounds) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 119 / 197
  120. 120. rave noun –1. rave – (a dance party that lasts all night and electron ically synthesized music is played; ”raves are very popular in Berlin”) verb –1. rave – (participate in an all-night techno dance party) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 120 / 197
  121. 121. recite verb –1. (2) declaim, recite – (recite in elocution) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 121 / 197
  122. 122. rhythm noun –1. (7) rhythm, beat, musical rhythm – (the basic rhythmic unit in a piece of music; ”the piece has a fast rhythm”; ”the conducto r set the beat”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 122 / 197
  123. 123. ring noun –1. (4) ring – (a characteristic sound; ”it has the ring of sincerity”) verb –1. (15) ring, peal – (sound loudly and sonorously; ”the bells rang”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 123 / 197
  124. 124. ripple noun –1. (4) ripple, rippling, riffle, wavelet – (a small wave on the surface of a liquid) verb –1. (2) ripple, ruffle, riffle, cockle, undulate – (stir up (water) so as to form ripples) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 124 / 197
  125. 125. roar noun –1. (13) boom, roar, roaring, thunder – (a deep prolonged loud noise) verb –1. (15) roar, howl – (make a loud noise, as of wind, water, or vehicles; ”The wind was howling in the trees”; ”The water roared down the chute”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 125 / 197
  126. 126. roll noun –1. (2) axial rotation, axial motion, roll – (rotary motion of an object around its own axis; ”wheels in axial rotation”) verb –1. (22) roll, turn over – (move by turning over or rotating; ”The child rolled down the hill”; ”turn over on your left side”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 126 / 197
  127. 127. rumble noun –1. (4) rumble, rumbling, grumble, grumbling – (a loud low dull continuous noise; ”they heard the rumbling of thunder”) verb –1. (3) rumble, grumble – (make a low noise; ”rumbling thunder”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 127 / 197
  128. 128. rustle noun –. (1) rustle, rustling, whisper, whispering – (a light noise, like the noise of silk clothing or leaves blowing in the wind) verb –1. (7) rustle – (make a dry crackling sound; ”rustling silk”; ”the dry leaves were rustling in the breeze”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 128 / 197
  129. 129. say noun –. say – (the chance to speak; ”let him have his say”) verb –1. (1861) state, say, tell – (express in words; ”He said that he wanted to marry her”; ”tell me what is bothering you”; ”state your opinion”; ”state your name”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 129 / 197
  130. 130. scream noun –1. (6) scream, screaming, shriek, shrieking, screech, screeching – (sharp piercing cry; ”her screaming attracted the neighbors”) verb –1. (25) shout, shout out, cry, call, yell, scream, holler, hollo, squall – (utter a sudden loud cry; ”she cried with pain when the doctor inserted the needle”; ”I yelled to her from the window but she couldn’t hear me”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 130 / 197
  131. 131. screech noun –1. (1) screech, screeching, shriek, shrieking, scream, screaming – (a high-pitched noise resembling a human cry; ”he ducked at the screechings of shells”; ”he heard the scream of the brakes”) verb –1. (5) whine, squeak, screech, creak, screak, skreak – (make a high-pitched, screeching noise; ”The door creaked when I opened it slowly”; ”My car engine makes a whining noise”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 131 / 197
  132. 132. shriek noun –1. (4) scream, screaming, shriek, shrieking, screech, screeching – (sharp piercing cry; ”her screaming attracted the neighbors”) verb –. (4) shriek, shrill, pipe up, pipe – (utter a shrill cry) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 132 / 197
  133. 133. shrill verb –. (2) shriek, shrill, pipe up, pipe – (utter a shrill cry) adj –1. (9) shrill, sharp – (having or emitting a high-pitched and sharp tone or tones ; ”a shrill whistle”; ”a shrill gaiety”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 133 / 197
  134. 134. shout noun –. (3) cry, outcry, call, yell, shout, vociferation – (a loud utterance; often in protest or opposition; ”the speaker was interrupted by loud cries from the rear of the audience”) verb –1. (39) shout – (utter in a loud voice; talk in a loud voice (usually denoting characteristic manner of speaking); ”My grandmother is hard of hearing–you’ll have to shout”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 134 / 197
  135. 135. silent adj –1. (18) silent, soundless, still – (marked by absence of sound; ”a silent house”; ”soundless footsteps on the grass”; ”the night was still”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 135 / 197
  136. 136. silence noun –1. (12) silence – (the state of being silent (as when no one is speaking); ”there was a shocked silence”; ”he gestured for silence”) verb –1. (4) hush, quieten, silence, still, shut up, hush up – (cause to be quiet or not talk; ”Please silence the children in the church!”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 136 / 197
  137. 137. sing verb –1. (46) sing – (deliver by singing; ”Sing Christmas carols”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 137 / 197
  138. 138. singsong noun –1. (1) singsong – (a regular and monotonous rising and falling intonation) verb –1. (1) singsong – (speak, chant, or declaim in a singsong) adj –. chantlike, intoned, singsong – (uttered in a monotonous cadence or rhythm as in chanting; ”their chantlike intoned prayers”; ”a singsong manner of speaking”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 138 / 197
  139. 139. siren noun –1. Siren – (a sea nymph (part woman and part bird) supposed to lure sailors to destruction on the rocks where the nymphs lived; ”Odysseus ordered his crew to plug their ears so they would not hear the Siren’s fatal song”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 139 / 197
  140. 140. sizzle noun –. sizzle – (a sizzling noise) verb –1. (1) sizzle – (make a sound like frying fat) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 140 / 197
  141. 141. slam noun –1. slam, sweep – (winning all or all but one of the tricks in bridge) verb –1. (8) slam, bang – (close violently; ”He slammed the door shut”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 141 / 197
  142. 142. smack noun –1. slap, smack – (a blow from a flat object (as an open hand)) verb –1. (2) smack, thwack – (deliver a hard blow to; ”The teacher smacked the student who had misbehaved”) adv –. bang, slap, slapdash, smack, bolt – (directly; ”he ran bang into the pole”; ”ran slap into her”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 142 / 197
  143. 143. snarl noun –1. (1) snarl – (a vicious angry growl) verb –1. (6) snap, snarl – (utter in an angry, sharp, or abrupt tone; ”The sales clerk snapped a reply at the angry customer”; ”The guard snarled at us”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 143 / 197
  144. 144. snort noun –1. snicker, snort, snigger – (a disrespectful laugh) verb –1. (3) snort – (indicate contempt by breathing noisily and forcefully through the nose; ”she snorted her disapproval of the proposed bridegroom”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 144 / 197
  145. 145. snuffle noun –. snuffle, sniffle, snivel – (the act of breathing heavily through the nose (as when the nose is congested)) verb –1. snuff, snuffle – (sniff or smell inquiringly) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 145 / 197
  146. 146. song noun –1. (46) song, vocal – (a short musical composition with words; ”a successful musical must have at least three good songs”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 146 / 197
  147. 147. sound noun –1. (36) sound – (the particular auditory effect produced by a given cause; ”the sound of rain on the roof”; ”the beautiful sound of music”) verb –1. (38) sound – (appear in a certain way; ”This sounds interesting”) adj –1. (8) sound – (financially secure and safe; ”sound investments”; ”a sound economy”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 147 / 197
  148. 148. soundless adj –. silent, soundless, still – (marked by absence of sound; ”a silent house”; ”soundless footsteps on the grass”; ”the night was still”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 148 / 197
  149. 149. speak verb –1. (86) talk, speak, utter, mouth, verbalize, verbalise – (express in speech; ”She talks a lot of nonsense”; ”This depressed patient does not verbalize”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 149 / 197
  150. 150. speech noun –1. (16) address, speech – (the act of delivering a formal spoken communication to an audience; ”he listened to an address on minor Roman poets”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 150 / 197
  151. 151. speechless adj –. speechless, dumb – (temporarily incapable of speaking; ”struck dumb”; ”speechless with shock”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 151 / 197
  152. 152. splash noun –1. (1) splash, plash – (the sound like water splashing) verb –1. (2) sprinkle, splash, splosh – (cause (a liquid) to spatter about, especially with force; ”She splashed the water around her”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 152 / 197
  153. 153. splutter noun –1. (1) spatter, spattering, splatter, splattering, sputter, splutter, sputtering – (the noise of something spattering or sputteri ng explosively; ”he heard a spatter of gunfire”) verb –1. sputter, splutter – (utter with a spitting sound, as if in a rage) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 153 / 197
  154. 154. squall noun –. squall – (sudden violent winds; often accompanied by precipitation) verb –1. (1) squall, waul, wawl – (make high-pitched, whiney noises) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 154 / 197
  155. 155. squawk noun –1. squawk – (the noise of squawking; ”she awoke to the squawk of chickens”; ”the squawk of car horns”) verb –1. (3) squawk, screak, skreak, skreigh, screech – (utter a harsh abrupt scream) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 155 / 197
  156. 156. squeak noun –1. (1) squeak – (a short high-pitched noise; ”the squeak of shoes on powdery snow”) verb –. (3) whine, squeak, screech, creak, screak, skreak – (make a high-pitched, screeching noise; ”The door creaked when I opened it slowly”; ”My car engine makes a whining noise”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 156 / 197
  157. 157. squeal noun –. (1) squeal – (a high-pitched howl) verb –1. (2) squeal, oink – (utter a high-pitched cry, character istic of pigs) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 157 / 197
  158. 158. stammer noun –. stammer, stutter – (a speech disorder involving hesitati ons and involuntary repetitions of certain sounds) verb –. (6) bumble, stutter, stammer, falter – (speak haltingly; ”The speaker faltered when he saw his opponent enter the room”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 158 / 197
  159. 159. stereophonic adj –. (1) stereophonic, stereo, two-channel – (designating sound transmission from two sources through two channels) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 159 / 197
  160. 160. swish noun –. swish – (a brushing or rustling sound) verb –. (1) lap, swish, swosh, swoosh – (move with or cause to move with a whistling or hissing sound; ”The bubbles swoshed around in the glass”; ”The curtain swooshed open”) adj –. classy, posh, swish – (elegant and fashionable; ”classy clothes”; ”a classy dame”; ”a posh restaurant”; ”a swish pastry shop on the Rue du Bac”- Julia Child) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 160 / 197
  161. 161. tap noun –1. (3) pat, rap, tap – (the sound made by a gentle blow) verb –1. (6) tap – (cut a female screw thread with a tap) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 161 / 197
  162. 162. tattle noun –. tattle, singing, telling – (disclosing information or giving evidence about another) verb –1. chatter, piffle, palaver, prate, tittle-tattle, twaddle, clack, maunder, prattle, blab, gibber, tattle, blabber, gabble – (speak (about unimportant matters) rapidly and incessantly) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 162 / 197
  163. 163. thud noun –. (1) thump, thumping, clump, clunk, thud – (a heavy dull sound (as made by impact of heavy objects)) verb –1. (1) thud, thump – (make a dull sound; ”the knocker thudded against the front door”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 163 / 197
  164. 164. thump noun –1. thump, thumping, clump, clunk, thud – (a heavy dull sound (as made by impact of heavy objects)) verb –1. (3) beat, pound, thump – (move rhythmically; ”Her heart was beating fast”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 164 / 197
  165. 165. thunder noun –1. (8) boom, roar, roaring, thunder – (a deep prolonged loud noise) verb –1. (2) thunder – (move fast, noisily, and heavily; ”The bus thundered down the road”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 165 / 197
  166. 166. tick noun –1. (2) tick, ticking – (a metallic tapping sound; ”he counted the ticks of the clock”) verb –1. (2) click, tick – (make a clicking or ticking sound; ”The clock ticked away”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 166 / 197
  167. 167. tinkle noun –. (1) ting, tinkle – (a light clear metallic sound as of a small bell) verb –. (2) tinkle, tink, clink, chink – (make or emit a high sound; ”tinkling bells”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 167 / 197
  168. 168. tool noun –1. (15) tool – (an implement used in the practice of a vocation) verb –1. (1) tool – (drive; ”The convertible tooled down the street”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 168 / 197
  169. 169. tone noun –1. (24) tone, tone of voice – (the quality of a person’s voice; ”he began in a conversational tone”; ”he spoke in a nervous tone of voice”) verb –1. tone, chant, intone – (utter monotonously and repetitiv ely and rhythmically; ”The students chanted the same slogan over and over again”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 169 / 197
  170. 170. toot noun –1. toot – (a blast of a horn) verb –. honk, blare, beep, claxon, toot – (make a loud noise; ”The horns of the taxis blared”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 170 / 197
  171. 171. tread noun –1. (2) pace, stride, tread – (a step in walking or running) verb –1. (3) step, tread – (put down or press the foot, place the foot; ”For fools rush in where angels fear to tread”; ”step on the brake”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 171 / 197
  172. 172. trill noun –1. (3) trill, shake – (a note that alternates rapidly with another note a semitone above it) verb –1. trill – (pronounce with a trill, of the phoneme ‘r’; ”Some speakers trill their r’s”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 172 / 197
  173. 173. trumpet noun –. (1) cornet, horn, trumpet, trump – (a brass musical instrument with a brilliant tone; has a narrow tube and a flared bell and is played by means of valves) verb –1. (1) trumpet – (proclaim on, or as if on, a trumpet; ”Liberals like to trumpet their opposition to the death penalty”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 173 / 197
  174. 174. tune noun –1. (12) tune, melody, air, strain, melodic line, line, melodic phrase – (a succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence; ”she was humming an air from Beethoven”) verb –1. (1) tune, tune up – (adjust for (better) functioning; ”tune the engine”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 174 / 197
  175. 175. twang noun –1. twang – (a sharp vibrating sound (as of a plucked string)) verb –1. twang – (cause to sound with a twang; ”He twanged the guitar string”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 175 / 197
  176. 176. twitter noun –. chirrup, twitter – (a series of chirps) verb –. chitter, twitter – (make high-pitched sounds, as of birds) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 176 / 197
  177. 177. undertow noun –1. undertow – (an inclination contrary to the strongest or prevailing feeling; ”his account had a poignant undertow of regret”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 177 / 197
  178. 178. uproar noun –1. (4) tumult, tumultuousness, uproar, garboil – (a state of commotion and noise and confusion) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 178 / 197
  179. 179. vocal noun –1. vocal music, vocal – (music intended to be performed by one or more singers, usually with instrumental accompaniment) adj –1. (1) vocal – (relating to or designed for or using the singing voice; ”vocal technique”; ”the vocal repertoire”; ”organiz ed a vocal group to sing his compositions”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 179 / 197
  180. 180. voice noun –1. (78) voice – (the distinctive quality or pitch or condition of a person’s speech; ”A shrill voice sounded behind us”) verb –1. (4) voice – (give voice to; ”He voiced his concern”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 180 / 197
  181. 181. volume noun –1. (25) volume – (the amount of 3-dimensional space occupied by an object; ”the gas expanded to twice its original volume”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 181 / 197
  182. 182. wail noun –. (2) lament, lamentation, plaint, wail – (a cry of sorrow and grief; ”their pitiful laments could be heard throughout the ward”) verb –1. (7) howl, ululate, wail, roar, yawl, yaup – (emit long loud cries; ”wail in self-pity”; ”howl with sorrow”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 182 / 197
  183. 183. warble noun –. warble – (a lumpy abscess under the hide of domestic mammals caused by larvae of a botfly or warble fly) verb –1. (1) warble, trill, quaver – (sing or play with trills, alternating with the half note above or below) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 183 / 197
  184. 184. weep verb –. (20) cry, weep – (shed tears because of sadness, rage, or pain; ”She cried bitterly when she heard the news of his death”; ”The girl in the wheelchair wept with frustration when she could not get up the stairs”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 184 / 197
  185. 185. whimper noun –. whimper, whine – (a complaint uttered in a plaintive whining way) verb –. (1) wail, whimper, mewl, pule – (cry weakly or softly; ”she wailed with pain”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 185 / 197
  186. 186. whine noun –. whimper, whine – (a complaint uttered in a plaintive whining way) verb –1. (1) whine – (move with a whining sound; ”The bullets were whining past us”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 186 / 197
  187. 187. whiney adj –. fretful, querulous, whiney, whiny – (habitually complaini ng; ”a whiny child”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 187 / 197
  188. 188. whinny noun –. neigh, nicker, whicker, whinny – (the characteristic sounds made by a horse) verb –. (2) neigh, nicker, whicker, whinny – (make a characteris tic sound, of a horse) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 188 / 197
  189. 189. whisper noun –1. (6) whisper, whispering, susurration, voicelessness – (speaking softly without vibration of the vocal cords) verb –. (22) whisper – (speak softly; in a low voice) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 189 / 197
  190. 190. whistle noun –1. whistle, whistling – (the sound made by something moving rapidly or by steam coming out of a small aperture) verb –1. (3) whistle – (make whistling sounds; ”He lay there, snoring and whistling”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 190 / 197
  191. 191. whoop noun –. whoop – (a loud hooting cry of exultation or excitement) verb –1. (3) whoop – (shout, as if with joy or enthusiasm; ”The children whooped when they were led to the picnic table”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 191 / 197
  192. 192. yap noun –. trap, cakehole, hole, maw, yap, gob – (informal terms for the mouth) verb –. (1) yelp, yip, yap – (bark in a high-pitched tone; ”the puppies yelped”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 192 / 197
  193. 193. yell noun –1. (7) cry, outcry, call, yell, shout, vociferation – (a loud utterance; often in protest or opposition; ”the speaker was interrupted by loud cries from the rear of the audience”) verb –1. (18) shout, shout out, cry, call, yell, scream, holler, hollo, squall – (utter a sudden loud cry; ”she cried with pain when the doctor inserted the needle”; ”I yelled to her from the window but she couldn’t hear me”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 193 / 197
  194. 194. yelp noun –. (1) yip, yelp, yelping – (a sharp high-pitched cry (especially by a dog)) verb –. (3) yelp, yip, yap – (bark in a high-pitched tone; ”the puppies yelped”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 194 / 197
  195. 195. yip noun –. yip, yelp, yelping – (a sharp high-pitched cry (especial ly by a dog)) verb –. yelp, yip, yap – (bark in a high-pitched tone; ”the puppies yelped”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 195 / 197
  196. 196. yodel noun –. yodel – (a songlike cry in which the voice fluctuates rapidly between the normal voice and falsetto) verb –. yodel, warble, descant – (sing by changing register; sing by yodeling; ”The Austrians were yodeling in the mountains”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 196 / 197
  197. 197. yowl noun –. bellow, bellowing, holla, holler, hollering, hollo, holloa, roar, roaring, yowl – (a very loud utterance (like the sound of an animal); ”his bellow filled the hallway”) verb –1. howl, wrawl, yammer, yowl – (cry loudly, as of animals; ”The coyotes were howling in the desert”) Andrew Ernest Ritz () The Sense Of Sound May 8, 2011 197 / 197
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