1. "Organ Sales Will Save Lives"Pages 92-96 in The Norton Field Guide
2. Introduction paragraphIn the intro paragraph the author gives somebackground information on the subject. In hercase, the subject is the buying and selling ofhuman organs.
3. Your introduction paragraphYour introduction paragraph should also givesome background, only in your case it will beabout the chapter (or chapters) from TheThings They Carried or another book thatyoure writing about.
4. Inquiry QuestionThe sample essay contains the inquiryquestion, "So why are we standing in the way?"(This is in reference to organ sales).
5. ThesisThe author then goes on to answer her inquiryquestion with her thesis, "Governments shouldnot ban the sale of human organs; they shouldregulate it. Lives should not be wasted; theyshould be saved."
6. Your thesisYour thesis will also appear at the end of yourintroduction paragraph and answer your inquiryquestion.The big difference is your question will revolvearound a topic related to the story (or stories)that youre writing about.
7. Body paragraphsThe body paragraphs in the "Organ Sales WillSave Lives" essay begin with claims about aspecific point the author is making.- "Dialysis is harsh, expensive, and, worst of all,only temporary."- "Kidney transplantation, on the other hand, isthe closest thing to a cure that anyone couldhope for."- "But those hoping for a new kidney have highhopes indeed."
8. Your body paragraphsYour body paragraphs will also begin withclaims.Your claims will need to work directly towardsmaking your point and proving your thesis.The sample essay works gradually because theauthor had much more space to work with thanyou do.
9. ExamplesThe body paragraphs in the "Organ Sales WillSave Lives" essay make extensive use ofexamples to prove the writers point."With the sales of organs outlawed in almostevery country, the number of living donorswilling to part with a kidney for free is small.""A kidney from a living donor can last overtwice as long."
10. Your examplesYou also want to use examples. Only you willhave just two sources.1 - The chapter (or chapters) you chose fromThe Things They Carried or another book.2 - A credible outside source (perhapssomething you found through google from anewspapers website, not a blog or wikipedia).
11. Your examples (continued)Your examples will illustrate the point youremaking with your claim.
12. Your examples (continued)Then you will want to follow up the quote ordescription with an explanation of how thequote or description supports and illustratesyour claim. It may seem obvious to you, but itsnot always that way to the reader.So youre making a quote sandwich:ClaimQuote (or example, description, etc.)Explanation
13. Anticipating ObjectionsIn the last paragraph on page 95, the authorconsiders possible objections."Critics fear that controlling the lawful sale oforgans would be too difficult..."
14. Anticipating Objections (continued)Youll also want to take a paragraph (the onebefore your conclusion) to consider possibleobjections to your thesis.You want to make sure to spell out theargument (or arguments) someone might useto counter you.You can (but are not obligated to) refute oraccommodate this counterargument in thissame paragraph.
15. ConclusionThe conclusion paragraph in the "Organ SalesWill Save Lives" essay explains the importanceof the topic in the "real world.""In matters of life and death, our stances onmoral issues must be reevaluated. If legalizedand regulated, the sale of human organs wouldsave lives."
16. Your conclusionYou want to explain the importance of yourtopic in the "real world" and possibly brieflyrestate your argument.There is no need to make any new points in theconclusion, you just want to help the readerleave your essay remembering your topic andunderstanding why it is important.