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100111 Intro Swmp Overview Presentation (78)

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  • 1. Site Waste Management Plan Regulations 2008 Guidance for Local Authorities What do you want to gain from today? Global construction consultants Objectives Agenda Introduction Understand the SWMP Regulations 2008 SWMP Regulation 2008 Overview Vinci Construction - ‘The SWMP Experience’ Agree how your Authority can enforce the Break Regulations Enforcement and Supporting Environment EA Approach Align your approach with the Environment Agency Lunch Identify ways to drive performance Working session –your approach? Present outputs Close Waste in the UK Why is construction waste important?
  • 2. Why is construction waste important? True Cost of Waste Impact on the environment: Disposal costs and escalating • Depletion of resources landfill taxes • Embodied carbon Value of materials wasted • Pollution • GHGs from landfill Project programme Impact on productivity Lost revenue • Financial • Competitiveness Transport Shortage of landfill capacity Management (linked to Planning) Trades’ time Fly-tipping Processing Efficient material use Sustainability goals Energy Materials Water What should the industry be doing? Materials Materials ‘In’ ‘Out’ Maximise the reuse of Waste Materials reclaimed materials reduction recovery What is a SWMP? SWMP driving improvements Document which contains: A forecast of waste types/quantities; Site Waste Management Planning – managing waste and Intended waste management & end destinations; and resources on a project to achieve reductions in waste to Actual waste produced. landfill SWM Plan – document containing waste forecasts, action plans and actual waste types/quantities
  • 3. Key Principles Opportunity Curve Planning Implementation Review Monitoring Outline Detailed Pre Construction Post Design Design Construction Completion Regulation versus Good practice Design Waste Out policy waste Updating Waste with actual Storage forecasts What is the industry doing? data Evidence of Management Completed reduction & Actions plan recycling Outline Detailed Pre Construction Post Design Design Construction Completion Government Action Policy Context Strategy for Sustainable Construction Strategic Forum Construction Commitments: Halving Waste to Landfill Government Policy Code for Sustainable Homes Waste crime strategy Fly-tipping protocol Legislation Taxation Support
  • 4. Waste Disposal Regulations Landfill Tax Duty of Care 1991 Active waste rate for 2009/1010: Registration of Carrier 1991 £40/tonne Waste Management Licensing 1994 Increase to £48/tonne in Landfill 2002 2010/2011 Clean Neighbourhoods and Makes up about 60% of Environment Act 2005 construction waste Hazardous Waste 2005 List of Wastes 2005 A lower rate of £2.50/tonne Waste Electrical & Electronic Equipment applies to inactive waste 2006 Makes up around 40% of Site Waste Management Plans 2008 construction waste Difficulties arise, but…. Support Forecasting waste WRAP Envirowise Awareness levels still low BRE Constructing Excellence Issues of ownership often confused NetRegs Data collection Industry Action SWMP Regulations 2008
  • 5. Site Waste Management Plan Why Regulate? Regulations 2008 1. Improvement in materials Came into force 6 April 2008 resource efficiency 2. Reduction in fly-tipping Legal requirement on all projects > £300K (increased requirements for >£500K) Construction is a major waste producer Clients and Contractors have legal Concern with Duty of Care obligations compliance Fly-Tipping is a growing problem: Cost to taxpayers = £50mpa LA and Environment Agency enforcement 20% of fly tipped waste is C&D powers waste 31% of worst incidents involve C&D waste ‘Soft’ enforcement for the first 2 years 40% of all incidents involve C&D waste How do Regulations help? What are the benefits - LA? Tracking waste by ensuring that those responsible for construction Reduced fly-tipping and a cleaner, projects know: safer, greener local environment The intended destination of waste removed from site; Savings in LA functions such as That their waste is being managed by legitimate registered cleaning-up fly-tipping waste carriers; and Helps to raise awareness and That their waste is managed responsibly, in line with waste compliance with existing legal management controls provisions, e.g. fly-tipping, waste duty of care Improving resource efficiency by: Save investigations into illegal waste activity Raising awareness Less demand on landfill Considering waste early, to plan and mitigate ‘Modern resource efficient industry’ Basic overview SWMP should include: • Headline information about the project, client & contractor; • Name of person responsible for the plan; What do the Regulations require? • Forecast the quantity/type of waste to be generated; • Identify clear actions for each waste type to reduce waste, and increase recycling; • Record actual quantities and end destination for each waste stream; • Provide declarations.
  • 6. Scope Applicability Any client intending to carry out a Full range of projects construction project on one site with Buildings an estimated cost greater than Infrastructure £300,000 must, before work begins, prepare a SWMP New-build Refurbishment Evidence of a ‘planned project’ may SWMPs apply to all aspects of include planning consent, building construction work regulations approval or relevant Demolition contract documents Excavation Exemptions Level of Detail & Updating Routine maintenance For projects with value of £300- £500K Part A installations Identify roles Nuclear licensed site with an Integrated Forecast waste types (inert, non- Waste Strategy (IWS) hazardous or hazardous), volumes, recovery/disposal routes Record quantity, type, carrier, license If a project is planned before 6 April no., site waste taken to 2008 and the construction work begins Copy of or reference to WTN before 1 July 2008 then the requirement Within three months of completion to prepare and implement a plan does • Confirm regularly monitored and not apply updated • Explain deviations from the plan Failure to update is an offence Level of Detail & Updating Availability of SWMP For projects with value over £500K Must be kept on site As basic SWMP + All contractors must know where it is Whether site operator holds a permit or kept and it must be available to any is exempt contractor carrying out work included Update 6 monthly & within 3 months of in the plan completion Compare estimated versus actual Keeping plans quantities Must be kept for two years after Estimate cost savings completion of the project The identity of the person removing the waste Failure to comply is an offence Failure to update is an offence
  • 7. Additional Duties: Schedule 1 Principal Contractor Coordination of the work Cooperation among contractors A Contractors viewpoint on SWMPs Site induction Job specific information/training Manage waste within the terms of the SWMP Ensure, so far as reasonably practical, waste is reused, recycled and recovered Victoria Hill Jade Hunt Client Richard Smith Give reasonable directions to any contractor to enable PC to comply Client & Principal Contractor Review, revise & refine SWMP as necessary Clearly communicate changes in roles & responsibilities Ensure security to prevent illegal disposal of waste VINCI Construction UK The Group VINCI Construction UK Limited incorporates the heritage and experience VINCI Construction UK has an annual turnover exceeding £1 billion. of major UK construction brands to provide a fully integrated service in VINCI PLC is the parent company of VINCI Construction UK and forms the following sectors: part of VINCI, the world’s leading concession and construction group. Building Civil Engineering VINCI has a turnover of €33.5 billion and 164,000 employees in 90 Air Countries around the world. Facilities Technology SWMPs – our experience SWMP Stages Subsidiary companies using SWMPs since 2000 Pre-Tender SWMP - Promotes waste reduction and recycling - Often non-existent! - Reduces costs - Can be asked for in tender documentation by Client - Improves overall site performance - Increases control in accordance with Duty of Care Regulations Pre-construction SWMP - But was generally reactive monitoring (e.g. Client requirement) - Developed by Principal Contractor Introduction of Regulations was welcome Live SWMP - Encouraged proactive waste consideration - Monitoring and measurement of actual verses predicted waste volumes - Created a level playing field - Elevated waste ‘up the agenda’ Post-construction SWMP - Resulted in better resource management - Rarely undertaken with Client, but can offer rewards. - But focus of Regulation missed most significant opportunities - No obligation on Client
  • 8. Pre-Tender SWMP Responsibility of CLIENT Document approximate waste types and volumes Design in reuse where possible Minimise waste through smart design Missed opportunity, rarely considered before design is near completion No push from clients to minimise waste SWMP – Design Decisions Bath Hospital Project Pre-construction SWMP Waste volumes predicted by Site Waste Manager or estimating team Can be difficult to estimate, but the main purpose is to improve the management of anticipated waste streams Encourages early communication with waste management contractors Develop resource management plan, prevent materials becoming ‘waste’ SWMP - Forecast Sheffield BSF School Project Live SWMP Responsibility of Site Waste Manager Each transfer of waste is logged Waste volumes reviewed at intervals Assists contractors to monitor Duty of Care requirements Can identify anomalies and determine cause (only if predictions are sensible)
  • 9. Live SWMP - Waste data log Gatwick Airport Project Post construction SWMP Review lessons learnt Review waste volumes – reasons for increase/decrease Client can benchmark contractors on repeat schemes SWMP – Case Study SWMP – Case Study T4 CIP Lounge T4 CIP Lounge Good information relating to decisions made to reduce waste: Variability between forecast and actual volumes: Phase ‘effectiveness’ What do we expect from Regulators? Construction phase - limited influence Consistency and fairness but; What is the purpose of the Regulations to you? Reduce waste? Reduce fly tipping? Increase recycling? Regulations obligate the Client and Contractor Only the contractor is actually regulated Estimated that 30% of waste can be designed out Why are the regulations focussed on construction phase?
  • 10. Reduce waste? Reduce Fly tipping LA enforcement should focus on CLIENTS - Planning stage ensure - Fully predictive SWMP LA enforcement should focus on SMALL - Inclusive of design decisions to minimise waste - Add as a planning condition projects - Defra announced fly-tipping had decreased by Addresses waste at the top of the hierarchy 9.8% in 2008-2009 - Local Authorities costs were £54.9million Few Clients embrace the spirit of the Regulations - Large projects with major contractors are less and pass their obligations onto the Contractor likely to suffer from rogue waste activities If waste reduction was paramount, Clients would Review Duty of Care controls and waste challenge Designers transfer notes not waste data. Reduces the volume of waste that contractors have to manage Increase recycling VINCI Experience and Needs LA enforcement should focus on LARGE projects Only aware of one planned Environment Agency visit and no Local Authority visits to date Checking that the SWMP exists is not enough - Increased waste generation (Fixed Penalty Notice) - More opportunities for effective recycling - Informed officer visits - Tie in with Contractors Halving Waste to Landfill Commitments - Influence design - Push the industry towards overall waste reduction - Obligate client Review waste data, are opportunities for recycling considered? Minimise waste to landfill Where is the waste going to – have - Increase recycling opportunities been lost? - LA need to support infrastructure developments Conclusions Are the Regulations working? - Not as anticipated (threshold level) - Missed a good opportunity to push Designers and Clients - Little or no visible enforcement Site Waste Management Plan Regulations 2008 The Enforcement and Supporting Environment Can the regulations work? - Yes! Large contractors are meeting requirements - More Client involvement – they need to be regulated too! Focus of visits - Dependant on LAs goals (reduce, recycle, minimise fly-tipping) - Interrogate data, challenge the Site Waste Manager/Project Manager Global construction consultants
  • 11. Enforcement Offences Key Aim: Ensure that a compliant SWMP has been written and Fail to implemented Make a SWMP Keep at site & make available Record waste disposals Regulators Review 6 monthly where > £500k Environment Agency Confirm & analyse within 3 months of completion Local Authorities Keep for 2 years after completion Produce upon request by LA/EA Produce supporting evidence Enforcement Power for regulators to check SWMPs Obstruct or furnish false/misleading information Defined types of offences Schedules of Penalties Fail to comply with Duty of Care Penalties Fixed Penalty notice for failing to produce SWMP £300, to be paid within 14 days On summary conviction How & who should enforce? Fine up to £50,000 On conviction on indictment Unlimited fine Duty of Care at the core of SWMPs Potential custodial sentences How & who should enforce? When - Planning? Add to existing local enforcement strategies, e.g. additional tool for dealing with fly-tipping? Planning reqs. Or…separate SWMP agenda? Partnership with the Environment Agency? Outline Detailed Pre Construction Post Design Design Construction Completion
  • 12. When – Site Inspections? How do I determine an offence? Planning SWMP inspection reqs. Outline Detailed Pre Construction Post Design Design Construction Completion How do I determine an offence? Recommended Initial Checks Who should I be Is there a need for a SWMP? asking? Is there a SWMP? Are the key details correct? What should I be looking for? Are you speaking with the person responsible for drafting the plan? When should I be looking? Recommended Initial Checks Digging a little deeper… Are there forecasted estimates of waste Have waste minimisation techniques been type and quantity? employed during the design phase? Is the plan a good description of the activities on site? Can they explain how the plan has been implemented, down to subcontractor level? Is there documentary evidence of all waste removed from site? E.g. waste carrier Can they explain how the site is managed registration, waste transfer or hazardous to accommodate waste storage and waste consignment notes? recovery? Have the types and quantities of waste Are all tasks being recorded and updated produced been reconciled against the on the SWMP? estimates in the plan?
  • 13. What action should I take? Is the offence intentional? Is penalty due? High profile cases? What action should I take? Who do I penalise? Client or contractor? Should I liaise with the Environment Agency? Should I encourage good practice through local support and signposts to guidance? Our aims - new corporate strategy A better place for people & the environment Site Waste Management Plans Reduce Protect & Work with Put people & climate improve air, businesses & communities at change & its land & water public sector to Kay Champion Iain Regan the heart of what consequences quality we do use resources Project Manager Principal Waste Officer wisely Be the best we can Our interest in the Construction Sector Construction Sector - The “hidden” costs…… Consultee on land use planning Regulator of licenses, exemptions, permits & consents All England & Dealt with •A fifth of all fly tipping incidents Wales by EA are of construction and Provide advice & guidance Proportion of fly- 7.1 28.5 demolition waste Statutory duty for strategic water resources planning tipping incidents (%) New environmental planning role: infrastructure gaps Estimated cost of 5,476,245 37,544 •A third of bigger and nastier fly clearance (£) tips include construction, As a construction client Estimated cost of 1,281,145 demolition and excavation waste enforcement (£) Estimated total fines 42,147 6802 •Removing fly tipped waste costs (£) the taxpayer almost £74 million Our interest in SWMP Regulations 2007/08 We will only intervene where non-compliance is linked to an incident such as fly tipping.
  • 14. Site Waste Management Plans – A useful tool SWMP Campaign - NetRegs Travis Perkins 2007/8: Short-term: 160,000 leaflets to TP customers at road shows Reduced environmental crime Increased legal compliance 824 sign ups to email updates Decrease in pollution risks & incidents Manage waste better FMB survey Nov 2008: 51% unaware SWMPs are mandatory for projects > £300,000 in England Longer term: 45% that used SWMPs reported money savings Higher standards on site 25% that had used SWMPs say they have helped them to win new business. Reduced environmental crime Resource efficiency Joint promotion with Envirowise & SW Regional Development Agency Increased Corporate Social Responsibility Increased awareness of benefits of good practice Over 50,000 downloads of Simple Guide Stabilised market for recycling and recovery sector Over 6,000 construction SMEs on email updates Better trained workforce will skills for more sustainable construction SMEnvironment survey 2009 South East Intervention Campaign Low environmental awareness. Confused where to go for advice Compared to the other sectors Construction SMEs were: least likely to introduce practical measures to prevent / reduce harm to the Working with the Pathway to Zero Waste we environment. aim to significantly reduce construction and Of those 40% that had introduced practical measures, compared to the other sectors they were: demolition waste crime and by doing so least likely to recycle their waste, 59% (20% less than Healthcare) second least likely to reduced waste, 37% stabilise the recycling and recovery markets. least likely to have made energy efficiency or water reduction improvements, 19% second least likely to have assessed their impact on the environment, 12% (agriculture 23%) least likely to have carried out a programme of environmental improvements, 8% (agriculture 17%) one of the most likely to have made someone responsible for environment, 10% 94% have internet access An intelligence led approach to waste crime South East Intervention Campaign Proactive approach Prioritisation – hitting the big bad and nasty for maximum effect Problem Profile Enables best utilisation of resource Targets identified Cradle to grave mapping - identifying the offender Repeat & Known Offenders Number of investigations and operations on-going Geographical Hot spots Variety of preventative measures Crime Types Obtaining intelligence from a range of sources (can someone else take care of the problem?) Intervention Strategy Painting the picture – the size and scale of the problem – raise's profile and makes it a priority! Prevention Intelligence gathering and analysis Identifying what we know – don’t know – and want to know Intelligence Identify why the crime is committed and where best to intervene for maximum effect… Enforcement
  • 15. Waste Flow Mapping The trial – Waste Flow Inspections Tracking waste from cradle to grave / grave to cradle Purpose to: Prevent waste falling out of legal control ensure producers describe their waste accurately improve awareness and compliance with duty of care Reduce the use of un-registered waste carriers build intelligence on waste movements increase presence on construction sites increase risk of offenders being caught identify and enforce against illegal activities Construction sites - SWMP Audits SWMP Project - Inspection Pack Guidance & forms needed to help officers identify sites and conduct inspections Understanding SWMP audits Developed in consultation with Procedure for Preparing and Conducting the Audit local authorities, contractors Guidance for Completing the and CIRIA , WRAP & others Audit Template Being trialled in the South East Best Practice Example Available for use by local authority staff in the South East Heading Experiences of construction sites & site waste management plans
  • 16. Experience on construction sites & SWMPs Experience on construction sites & SWMPs 53 rejected load reports from one landfill since January level of understanding of duty of care legislation and 32 SWMP inspections SWMPs waste segregation ignorance on site of existence of SWMP waste dispatch procedures Mis-describing waste SWMP not implemented by sub contractors / site workers. lack of information on SWMP SWMP not updated Key findings - 20 construction site audits: Opportunities to work together 17 sites breached environmental legislation, Low Sharing experience, research & information 7 breached the SWMP regulations level about the sector 4 had available & adequate waste transfer notes 5 of the sites had waste inadequate waste storage Sharing lessons on what works best 3 had incomplete or inadequate duty of care Exchanging messages & contacts documentation. Bringing our officers together Duty of Care issues were identified on 17 of the sites: Joint literature & campaigns Inadequate documentation: Missing paperwork: Cross referral/ collaborative enforcement Mis-description of waste was obvious on 4 sites Single point of contact / joint visits High No SWMP were available on site 3 of the 6 level unannounced construction site visits. SWMP quality was generally very poor. Working Session 1 – Developing an Approach 30 mins Discuss in groups 1 person presents back Site Waste Management Plan Regulations 2008 Working Session – What is going to be your approach? 1. What can be done at the Planning stage? 2. When and who can enforce during the project timeline? 3. What is your influence as a client? 4. What is the benefit case? Global construction consultants
  • 17. 1. Planning Stage 2. Enforcement during the project When and who can enforce during the project timeline? What can be done at the Planning Stage? Think about…. Think about…. How to identify relevant projects? How could planning influence site waste management on projects? At what stage to intervene? How do you identify projects at this stage? Who would be best placed? Outline Detailed Pre Construction Post Design Design Construction Completion What are you asking for and/or communicating? What are you asking for? How do you do it? What are the benefits and obstacles to these options? What are the benefits and obstacles? Need for a coordinated approach? 3. Influence as a Client 4. Benefits Case What is your influence as a client? What is the benefit case for taking action? Think about… Think about… What type of projects are applicable? Whether your Local Authority has relevant sustainability or wider agendas and/or objectives? How can you influence a project? How are these delivered? What would you do? How could the SWMP Regulations fit-in or enforce these agendas? What would you ask for/communicate? Where do you focus? How would you identify compliance and/or good practice? Are there benefits to a coordinated approach? Working Session 2 – Making it happen Working Session 2 - Making it happen 30 mins Who can take Is training needed? Discuss in groups ownership? 1 person presents back Who needs to drive the agenda forward? Is training needed? What tools/resources are Who do you need to speak to What tools/resources are required? (internal/external) ? required? Who do you need to speak to?
  • 18. Close out