Constitution
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Constitution

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Constitution Constitution Presentation Transcript

  • CONSTITUTION IS DEFINED AS: “The body of those written or unwritten fundamental laws which regulate the most important rights of the higher magistrates and the most important essential privileges of the subjects."
  • •Part pointing out the mode or procedure for amending or revising the constitution. This groups of provisions is called the provisions on sovereignity WWHY DO WE NEED CONSITUTION? • To state how your association is to be structured • To detail the safeguards needed to ensure that it operates fairly on behalf of the whole community • As a basic requirement to apply for funding
  • KINDS OF CONSTITUTION A Constitution may be classified into 2 according to Sir Henry Maine
  • KINDS OF CONSTITUTION  Historical and Revolutionary Those constitutions which develop gradually according to the experiences, customs, and traditions of the people.
  • KINDS OF CONSTITUTION Those constitutions which are founded on speculative assumptions remote from the experiences of the people  A Priori
  • Nature And purpose of a constitution
  • 1) It serves as a supreme or fundamental law • It is the charter that created a government • It is binding all individual citizens and parts of the government together as one • It is the ultimate law; the law other laws must abide by • It is the test of legality by government officials
  • 2) Establishes the basic framework and underlying principles of the government • Prescribes the permanent framework of the system of government, and assigns to the different department or branches, their respective powers and duties • To establish certain basic principles by which the government is founded • Designed to preserve and protect the rights of the citizens against the powers of the state
  • KINDS OF CONSTITUTION ACCORDING TO FORM
  • KINDS OF CONSTITUTION  
  • KINDS OF CONSTITUTION Written constitution • •
  • KINDS OF CONSTITUTION Unwritten Constitution • An unwritten constitution is one in which most of the principles of the government have never been enacted in the form of laws. It consists of customs, conventions, traditions, and some written laws bearing different dates. It is unsystematic, indefinite and un-precise. Such a constitution is not the result of conscious and deliberate efforts of the people.
  • KINDS OF CONSTITUTION
  • KINDS OF CONSTITUTION Pros and cons of a written constitution • •
  • KINDS OF CONSTITUTION ACCORDING TO MANNER OF AMENDMENT
  • KINDS CONVENTIONAL OR ENACTED RIGID
  • KINDS OF CONSTITUTION Convention or Enacted Constitution • One is enacted by a constitution assembly or granted by monarch of his subject
  • KINDS OF CONSTITUTION Japanese Constitution
  • KINDS OF CONSTITUTION Rigid Constitution •
  • KINDS OF CONSTITUTION Constitution Of the United States of America
  • ESSENTIAL PARTS OF A CONSTITUTIO N
  • QUALITIES OF GOOD CONSTITUTI ON
  • Brief • A constitution is said to be brief if the major and most important points are marked and minor ones deduced Broad • A constitution has to endure, it must be comprehensive in scope and meaning in order to meet the needs of the changing times
  • Clear and definite • To avoid conflicting interpretations, a constitution must have clear and definite statements; any vagueness can be disruptive to political stability, administrative, efficienc y , and national unity
  • Constitution of the Philippines Officially known as the “1987 Constitution of the Philippines” Features: • Reinstitution of a democratic government • Seperation of church and state • Sovereignity of the people • Renunciation of war as a national policy • Supremacy of civilian authority over the military • Sepertation of powers
  • Parts of the Philippine constitution Preamble • Describes the purpose of the document and government Articles • Establish how the government is structured and how the Constitution can be changed. There are seven articles. Amendments • Changes to the Constitution; the first ten are called the Bill of Rights.
  • Preamble An introductory and expressionary statement in a document that explains the document's purpose and underlying philosophy. When applied to the opening paragraphs of a statute, it may recite historical facts pertinent to the subject of the statute. It is distinct from the long title or enacting formula of a law.
  • Preamble of the Philippine Constitution “We, the sovereign Filipino people, imploring the aid of Almighty God, in order to build a just and humane society, and establish a Government that shall embody our ideals and aspirations, promote the common good, conserve and develop our patrimony, and secure to ourselves and our posterity, the blessings of independence and democracy under the rule of law and a regime of truth, justice, freedom, love, equality, and peace, do ordain and promulgate this Constitution.”