Chapter 8 Facility and Work Design<br />Types of Facility Layouts<br />Office layout <br />Retail layout <br />Fixed-position layout<br />Product-oriented layout<br />Work-cell layout <br />Process-oriented layout<br />
Requirements of Work Cells<br />Identification of families of products<br />A high level of training, flexibility and empowerment of employees<br />Being self-contained, with its own equipment and resources<br />
Improving Layouts Using Work Cells<br />Current layout - straight lines make it hard to balance tasks because work may not be divided evenly<br />Improved layout - in U shape, workers have better access. Four cross-trained workers were reduced.<br />U-shaped line may reduce employee movement and space requirements while enhancing communication, reducing the number of workers, and facilitating inspection<br />
Improving Layouts Using Work Cells<br />Current layout - workers in small closed areas. Cannot increase output without a third worker and third set of equipment.<br />Improved layout - cross-trained workers can assist each other. May be able to add a third worker as additional output is needed.<br />
Advantagesof Work Cells<br /><ul><li>Reduced work-in-process inventory
Reduced investment in machinery and equipment</li></li></ul><li>If your FIRST name begins with A-I<br />…go to WebCT and follow the WORK CELL LAYOUT instructions <br />(they will appear on the HOME screen)<br />
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