Product Oriented Layouts

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Product Oriented Layouts

  1. 1. Chapter 8 Facility and Work Design<br />Types of Facility Layouts<br />Office layout <br />Retail layout <br />Fixed-position layout<br />Product-oriented layout<br />Work-cell layout <br />Process-oriented layout<br />
  2. 2. Product-Oriented Layout<br />Organized around products or families of similar high-volume, low-variety products<br />
  3. 3. Product-Oriented Layouts<br />ADVANTAGES<br /><ul><li>High rate of output
  4. 4. Low unit cost
  5. 5. Labor specialization
  6. 6. Low material handling cost
  7. 7. High utilization of labor and equipment
  8. 8. Established routing and scheduling
  9. 9. Routing accounting and purchasing</li></li></ul><li>Product-Oriented Layouts<br />DISADVANTAGES<br /><ul><li>Creates dull, repetitive jobs
  10. 10. Poorly skilled workers may not maintain equipment or quality of output
  11. 11. Fairly inflexible to changes in volume
  12. 12. Highly susceptible to shutdowns
  13. 13. Needs preventive maintenance
  14. 14. Individual incentive plans are impractical</li></li></ul><li>Less customization and higher volume<br /> (1) (2) (3) (4)<br />Low-volume Multiple products with low Few major High volume, high<br />products, made to moderate volume products, standardization,to customer higher commodity <br />order volume products<br />Process<br />Characteristics<br /> (1)<br />Customized process, with flexible and unique sequence of tasks<br /> (2)<br />Disconnected line flows, moderately complex work<br /> (3)<br />Connected line, highly repetitive work<br /> (4)<br />Continuous flows<br />Less complexity, less divergence, and more line flows<br />Projects<br />FIXED POSITION<br />Job Shop<br />Batch Process<br />Continuous Flow<br />
  15. 15. Less customization and higher volume<br /> (1) (2) (3) (4)<br />Low-volume Multiple products with low Few major High volume, high<br />products, made to moderate volume products, standardization,to customer higher commodity <br />order volume products<br />Process<br />Characteristics<br /> (1)<br />Customized process, with flexible and unique sequence of tasks<br /> (2)<br />Disconnected line flows, moderately complex work<br /> (3)<br />Connected line, highly repetitive work<br /> (4)<br />Continuous flows<br />Less complexity, less divergence, and more line flows<br />Projects<br />FIXED POSITION<br />Job Shop<br />PRODUCT ORIENTED<br />Batch Process<br />Continuous Flow<br />
  16. 16. Disassembly Lines<br />Disassembly is being considered in new product designs<br />“Green” issues and recycling standards are important consideration<br />Automotive disassembly is the 16th largest industry in the US<br />Robotic disassembly line…<br />
  17. 17. If your FIRST name begins with J-Z<br />go to WebCT and follow the <br />Product-Oriented instructions <br />(they will appear on the HOME screen)<br />

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