Process Oriented Layout

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Process Oriented Layout

  1. 1. Chapter 8 Facility and Work Design<br />Types of Facility Layouts<br /><ul><li>Office layout
  2. 2. Retail layout
  3. 3. Fixed-position layout
  4. 4. Product-oriented layout
  5. 5. Work-cell layout </li></ul>Process-oriented layout<br />
  6. 6. ADVANTAGES OF…<br />Process-Oriented Layouts<br /><ul><li>Can handle a variety of processing requirements
  7. 7. Not particularly vulnerable to equipment failures
  8. 8. Equipment used is less costly
  9. 9. Possible to use individual incentive plans</li></li></ul><li>DISADVANTAGES OF…<br />Process-Oriented Layouts<br /><ul><li>In-process inventory costs can be high
  10. 10. Challenging routing and scheduling
  11. 11. Equipment utilization rates are low
  12. 12. Material handling slow and inefficient
  13. 13. Complexities often reduce span of supervision
  14. 14. Special attention for each product or customer
  15. 15. Accounting and purchasing are more involved</li></li></ul><li>Process-Oriented Layouts<br />…in the service industry<br />
  16. 16. Less customization and higher volume<br /> (1) (2) (3) (4)<br />Low-volume Multiple products with low Few major High volume, high<br />products, made to moderate volume products, standardization,to customer higher commodity <br />order volume products<br />Process<br />Characteristics<br /> (1)<br />Customized process, with flexible and unique sequence of tasks<br /> (2)<br />Disconnected line flows, moderately complex work<br /> (3)<br />Connected line, highly repetitive work<br /> (4)<br />Continuous flows<br />Less complexity, less divergence, and more line flows<br />Projects<br />FIXED POSITION<br />Job Shop<br />PROCESS ORIENTED<br />Batch Process<br />PRODUCT ORIENTED<br />Continuous Flow<br />

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