1- Definition2- objectives3- features/advantages4- limitations5- learning delivery6- concerns7- case studies/examples)
DEFINITION:Mobile-learning is related to e-learning, Edtech anddistance education.It is distinct in its focus on learning across contextsand learning with mobile devices.Mobile learning is: Any sort of learning that happens when the learner is not at a fixed, predetermined location, or learning that happens when the learner takes advantage of the learning opportunities offered by mobile technologies. In other words mobile learning decreases limitation of learning location with the mobility of general portable devices.
• To bring new technology into the classroom.• More light weight device compare to books, PCs, etc.• To be utilized as part of a learning approach which uses different types of activities (or a blended learning approach).• To supports the learning process rather than being integral to it.• A useful add-on tool for students with special needs. However, for SMS and MMS this might be dependent on the students’ specific disabilities or difficulties involved.• To be used as a ‘hook’ to re-engage disaffected youth.
FEATURES/ADVANTAGES• Access any time, anywhere• ’• More light weight device compare to books, PCs, etc so students can hold easily.• Support multimedia.• A useful add-on tool for students with special needs.• Increase interaction between students and teachers, and among students, using especially SMS and MMS.• Engage students in learning process.• increase students attention and interest in learning.• Enhances students technical skills.• makes learning available in new situations, making use of ‘non-places
Social and educational challenges include• How to assess learning outside the classroom• How to support learning across many contexts• Contents security (or) pirating issues• Developing an appropriate theory of learning for the mobile age• Tracking of results and proper use of this informationTechnical challenges include• Connectivity and battery life• Screen size and key size• Possibilities to meet required bandwidth for nonstop/fast streaming• Content security or copyright issue from authoring group• Reworking existing e-Learning materials for mobile platforms
LEARNING DELIVERYMobile has the potential to do much more than deliver courses, orparts of courses. It can use to perform any of the following:• Deliver Education/Learning• Foster Communications/Collaboration• Conduct Assessments/Evaluations• Provide Access to Performance Support/Knowledge• Capture Evidence of Learning ActivityMany portable devices can quickly and easily deliver and supportthese functions such as Cell or smartphones, multi-gamedevices, personal media players (PMPs), personal digital assistants(PDAs), and wireless single-purpose devices. All these devices canhelp deliver coaching and mentoring, conduct assessments andevaluations (e.g. quizzes, tests, surveys, and certifications) anddeliver podcasts, update alerts, forms and checklists.
CONCERNS RAISED BY RESEARCHERS AND DISTANCE STUDENTS/TUTORS ABOUT THIS TECHNOLOGY.Distance education changes the learning relationship from thecommon, centralized school model to a moredecentralized, flexible model. It also reverses social dynamics bybringing school to students, rather than students to school. Thisleads to new issues including:• The impact of electronic education on tenured teaching• Balancing the budget with potentially low-cost• Electronic learning options• Redefining what it means to have a teacher present in the classroom• revising teacher certification requirements to accommodate those teachers who electronically cross service area boundaries.
EMLs : CASE STUDY IN DISTANCE LEARNING EDUCATIONAbstractAfter a short characterization of what an educational modelinglanguage should be, we will deal with the respective interest oftwo EML proposals: one proposed by OUNL (OUNL/EML andIMS/LD which is derived from it) and one proposed by UNED(PALO). We will then identify reasons that lead us to chooseOUNL/EML for experimentation in distance learning educationin order to model our scenario. Finally we will present somelimitations or extensions we have identified.