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Status of elephants
 

Status of elephants

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This is about the ststus of elephants in Kerala, the problems and statistics

This is about the ststus of elephants in Kerala, the problems and statistics

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    Status of elephants Status of elephants Presentation Transcript

    • Asian Elephants – Elephas maximus Elephas maximus indicus - Indian Elephas maximus sumatranus - Sumatran Elephas maximus maximus - Sri Lankan
    • Population of Domesticated Indian Elephants 1985 - 2900-3110 1990 - 2260-2760 2000 - 3400-3600
    • Elephant population in wild 26413 25877 25604 TOTAL 40 35 35 ANDAMANS 12814 12716 11353 SOUTH 1667 1200 875 NORTH 2649 2444 2314 EAST 9243 9482 11027 NORTH EAST 385 3600 3500 KERALA 2002 1997 1993 YEAR
      • Ownership of elephants in India
      • Individuals - 75%
      • Temples - 6%
      • Zoo - 2%
      • Circus - 3%
      • Forest Dept - 14%
    • Usage /Activity of Elephants Logging - 43% Ceremonies - 12% Transportation - 10% Tourism - 6 % Entertainment - 5% Kunki - 4 % Agriculture - 2% Begging - 7% No work - 11%
    • Project Elephant centrally sponsored scheme, launched in Feb 1992 to provide financial and technical support to States for protection of elephants, their habitats and corridors. to address the issues of human-elephant conflict and welfare of domesticated elephants .
      • Project Outlay
      • 23 Crores – 8th plan
      • 60 Crores - 10 th plan
      • Elephant Reserves - 25 Nos
      • Area - 58,000 sq km
    • Implemented in 13 States
      • Andhra Pradesh ,
      • Arunachal Pradesh ,
      • Assam , Jharkhand ,
      • Karnataka , Kerala ,
      • Meghalaya , Nagaland ,
      • Orissa , Tamil Nadu ,
      • Uttranchal , Uttar Pradesh
      • and West Bengal.
      • Assistance to Kerala in Lakhs of Rupees
      • 1991-92 - 120.00
      • 1992-93 - 14.02
      • 1993-94 - 8.75
      • 1994-95 - 63.58
      • 1995-96 - 42.25
      • 1996-97 - 71.96
      • 1997-98 - 76.87
      • 1999-2000 - 143.40
      • Assistance to Kerala in Lakhs of Rupees
      • 2000-01 - 63.55
      • 2001-02 - 66.05
      • 2002-03 - 82.00
      • 2003-04 - 111.88
      • 2004-05 - 188.28
      • 2005-06 - 167.40
      • 2006-07 - 170.00
    • Enumeration of Elephants: First time in Feb-May 2005. Two sampling methods , Block Sampling; and Line Transact-Dung Count (with Retrospective Method of Calculating Dung Decay Rate). Again in 2007 repeated in 2010.
    • 2002 2005 Area Eastern Ghats Total Andhra Tamilnadu Kerala Karnataka 8811 7962 13335 74 12 766 1938 2862 4663 961 636 1200 5838 4452 6724
    • 2002 2005 Area 1430 1726 5185 Total 680 179 1457 Tamilnadu 756 1547 3728 Kerala Western Ghats
    • 2002 2005 Area 1018 610 1985 Total 132 329 566 Tamil Nadu 886 281 1419 Kerala South Nilgiris
    • 1491 1738 4991 Total 223 638 1249 Tamil Nadu 1268 1100 3742 Kerala Periyar
      • Sex Ratio of Indian Elephants in Wild
      • 1 : 24
    •  
    • A herd in wild spotted
    • The survey held in 2005
      • number of wild elephants in Kerala as 5,135.
      • Anamudi elephant reserve - 2,299
      • Periyar Reserve - 1,620
      • 17 per cent was estimated to be tuskers.