Human behavior occurs within an environmental context, not in a vacuum.
Human behavior is learned and can be taught by manipulating aspects of the environmental context--Behavior is a function of the environment
Source: Crone , D.A. & Horner, R.H., 2003
A Context for Positive Behavior Support A redesign of environments, not the redesign of individuals Plan describes what we will do differently Plan is based on identification of the behavioral function of problem behaviors and the lifestyle goals of an individual
Steps for Conducting a FA-BIP Process Define the Challenge/Identify Goals. Gather Information. Generate a hypothesis statement. Build a “Competing Behavior Pathway” to identify possible elements of a Behavior Intervention Plan. Design & Evaluate a Behavioral Intervention Plan. Plan for effective implementation of the Behavior Intervention Plan. Monitor regularly and modify based on observed progress. Adapted from Crone, D.A. and Horner,R.H., 2003
Identifying who needs an FBA/BIP Academic/behavior data indicates challenge High intensity or frequency behavior Behavior impedes academic performance Don’t understand behavior Behavior seems to meet need or be reinforcing for student Interventions have not been successful USE DATA Source: Crone, D.A. & Horner, R.H., 2003
Step 1: Define the Problem Behavior What does the problem behavior look like? Conduct interviews, review prior incidents & observations across the student’s routine/settings to define the problem behavior. Observable, measurable, concrete language. NON EXAMPLEEXAMPLE poor impulse control high pitched screams angry, hostile, resentful kicking over chairs paying attention completes tasks Estimate how often the problem behavior occurs & how intense the problem behavior is.
STEP 2: Gathering Information What sequence of events reliably predicts the problem behavior? Maintaining Consequences: What happens immediately after the problem behavior? What is the child trying to GET or GET AWAY from? Get social attention Get objects/access to activities Get sensory stimulation Avoid aversive task/activity Avoid aversive social contact Avoid aversive sensory stimulation
STEP 2: Gathering Information What sequence of events reliably predicts the problem behavior? Antecedent Events (Fast Triggers): Analyze routines in the student’s day to identify… Where, when, with whom the problem behavior occurs? Where, when, with whom desirable behavior is more likely to occur? What events, contexts, demands, tasks, people reliably trigger/precede the behavior?
STEP 2: Gathering Information What sequence of events reliably predicts the problem behavior? Setting Events (Slow Triggers ) Events that happen before a request is made. These events may predict a problem could occur? Examples: problems on the bus problems at home before school setting is a nonpreferred subject/class child has a problem at recess
Tools for Gathering Information Recommend for Brief FBA/BIP: FBA-BIP Interview Student-Guided Functional Assessment Interview ABC Chart
Tools for Complex FBA Systematic and repeated behavioral observations using ABC (antecedent- behavior- consequence) Multiple setting assessment Functional Behavioral Assessment Behavior Support Plan (F-BSP) (accessible from PBIS.org website)
Step 3: Generate a Hypothesis Statement A hypothesis statement is a summary statement that describes the team’s best guess about the relationship between the problem behavior and the characteristics of the environment- the specific contexts and the specific function. The goal of which is to identify specific CONCRETE circumstances regularly associated with the occurrence and nonoccurrence of the problem behavior.
Anatomy of an Hypothesis Statement “When ______________________________,