View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!Introducing SlideShare for AndroidExplore all your favorite topics in the SlideShare appGet the SlideShare app to Save for Later — even offline
View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new Android app!View stunning SlideShares in full-screen with the new iOS app!
Theme- the moral or lesson a play teaches. For instance Goldilocks theme is- Don’t use other people’s stuff!
Major Dramatic Question- the question that must be answered in order for the play to conclude. Example: Will Goldilocks get caught?
Universality- Themes should apply throughout time and to many different cultures and societies.
Concept- A statement of what the artist (or reader) feels the play is about as well as their take on it. Example- Goldilocks is a fun story where children learn good life lessons through humor. Notice this statement is a combination of theme and how I think it should be performed (fun-humor).
What is Universality? Across time, place, and language barriers.
Why should themes apply universally? The story of Oedipus is 2500 years old yet the lesson still affects all of us.
Examples? Romeo and Juliet? All children’s stories
Exceptions? Some stories can’t cross cultural barriers because of different belief systems. For instance, in some African tribes women are given as brides. Modern feminist theory in America would not agree with this. And if that were the theme, then the play would not relate to its’ audience
Prologue- Used originally in Greek theatre, a chorus member would speak directly to the audience and set up the events and characters.
Feather Duster Scene- When realism brought about a distaste for speaking directly to the audience, playwrights often put a maid on stage who would dust while speaking to herself about the problems in the house and the characters involved. Nifty huh?
Exposition- simply when the audience is being fed information
Protagonist . the central character of a story. P rotagonist is the term used by literary critics. In most cases we see the plot from the point of view of the protagonist, though some stories have a narrator who is not the protagonist.
Antagonist . This is the character who causes or leads the conflict against the protagonist. The antagonist is usually a villain, but not always. Every story has a protagonist, but some stories do not have an antagonist, as some types of conflict do not require one.
Confidant . Many stories include a secondary character whose main function is to listen to the protagonist. The confidant (or confidante, if a woman) may play a part in the character development of the protagonist, but even more often, he gives the protagonist an excuse to provide plot information for the reader.
Foil . This is a character, usually a secondary one, who helps us to understand the protagonist or another major character by providing a contrast. In the old western movies, the hero was always tall and handsome, had a good singing voice, wore a white hat, rode a palomino stallion, and was strong and brave. His sidekick was always short and fat, had a gravelly voice, wore a ridiculous-looking hat, often rode a pinto pony, and was weak and timid. Technically speaking, this sidekick was a foil (as well as a confidant). He made the hero look more heroic just by standing next to him.
Narrator . This is the character who tells the story. The narrator may be a realistic or fictionalized version of the author or an entirely imaginary character whom we accept for the sake of the story, though we know he is not really the author. The narrator may be a main character or a minor one, may or may not know all of the facts of the story, and may be reliable or unreliable .