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Ivrit Express 3: Talking About Things Without Naming Them
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Ivrit Express 3: Talking About Things Without Naming Them

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A brief lesson on the use of subject pronouns in Biblical Hebrew. Learn by example, then delve into the underlying grammar!

A brief lesson on the use of subject pronouns in Biblical Hebrew. Learn by example, then delve into the underlying grammar!

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  • Excellent presentation of the pronouns, and the graphics are effective. I hope you will make it available to download. I was disappointed to see that 'save' is disabled for this one, as I already downloaded the first two in the series. As a continuing Biblical Hebrew student who is adding communicative approaches to my repertoire, I am always pleased to find this kind of content.
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  • 1. ‫עברית‬EXPRESS Lesson 3: Talking About Things Without Naming Them
  • 2. The Ivrit Express series presents compact lessons in Biblical (not Modern) Hebrew grammar. It aims to reinforce (not replace) your classroom experiences.
  • 3. This lesson introduces the basics of talking about things without naming them—that is, using pronouns.
  • 4. This lesson assumes that you can use simple “this is that” sentences to talk about things. If you can’t, please go through Ivrit Express lessons 1 and 2 before proceeding with this one.
  • 5. Relax, watch, and listen as you advance through the next few slides.
  • 6. ‫ִישׁ‬‫א‬ ‫&י‬‫נ‬ֲ‫א‬
  • 7. ‫ִישׁ‬‫א‬ ‫ָה‬‫תּ‬ַ‫א‬
  • 8. ‫ִישׁ‬‫א‬ ‫&י‬‫נ‬ֲ‫א‬
  • 9. ‫ִישׁ‬‫א‬ ‫הוּא‬
  • 10. ‫ִישׁ‬‫א‬ ‫הוּא‬
  • 11. ‫ָה‬‫שּׁ‬ִ‫א‬ ְ‫תּ‬ַ‫א‬
  • 12. ‫ָה‬‫שּׁ‬ִ‫א‬ ‫&י‬‫נ‬ֲ‫א‬
  • 13. ‫ָה‬‫שּׁ‬ִ‫א‬ ‫ִיא‬‫ה‬
  • 14. ‫ָה‬‫שּׁ‬ִ‫א‬ ‫ִיא‬‫ה‬
  • 15. ‫ִים‬‫שׁ‬1‫נ‬ֲ‫א‬ ‫ֶם‬‫תּ‬ַ‫א‬
  • 16. ‫ְנוּ‬‫ח‬4‫נ‬ֲ‫א‬ ‫ִים‬‫שׁ‬1‫נ‬ֲ‫א‬
  • 17. ‫ִים‬‫שׁ‬1‫נ‬ֲ‫א‬ ‫ֵם‬‫ה‬
  • 18. ‫ִים‬‫שׁ‬1‫נ‬ֲ‫א‬ ‫ָה‬‫מּ‬ֵ‫ה‬
  • 19. ‫ֵם‬‫ה‬ ‫ִים‬‫שׁ‬1‫נ‬ֲ‫א‬
  • 20. ‫ָה‬‫מּ‬ֵ‫ה‬ ‫ִים‬‫שׁ‬1‫נ‬ֲ‫א‬
  • 21. ‫ִים‬‫שׁ‬1‫נ‬ ‫ֶן‬‫תּ‬ַ‫א‬
  • 22. ‫ְנוּ‬‫ח‬4‫נ‬ֲ‫א‬ ‫ִים‬‫שׁ‬1‫נ‬
  • 23. ‫ִים‬‫שׁ‬1‫נ‬ ‫ָה‬‫נּ‬ֵ‫ה‬
  • 24. ‫ָה‬‫נּ‬ֵ‫ה‬ ‫ִים‬‫שׁ‬1‫נ‬
  • 25. I recommend that you go through the foregoing picture slides at least three times before advancing to the grammatical discussion.
  • 26. In fact, you can implicitly learn from the pictures what you need to know: which subject pronouns to use when speaking (a) to and about (b) individual men and women and (c) groups of men and women.
  • 27. So the following grammatical discussion is basically optional, provided for learners who want to peek at what the language is doing under the hood.
  • 28. In Hebrew, as in English, you can substitute pronouns for nouns to make your statements less cumbersome.
  • 29. Also, both Hebrew and English use different sets of pronouns (a) as the subjects of verbs and (b) as the objects of verbs and prepositions.
  • 30. So here’s a quick review of what the picture lesson taught you about subject pronouns.
  • 31. •Call yourself ‫&י‬‫נ‬ֲ‫א‬. •When talking to an individual male, call him ‫ָה‬‫תּ‬ַ‫א‬. •When talking to an individual female, call her ְ‫תּ‬ַ‫א‬. •When talking about an individual male, call him ‫.הוּא‬ •When talking about an individual female, call her ‫ִיא‬‫ה‬.
  • 32. •Call the group you’re part of ‫ְנוּ‬‫ח‬4‫נ‬ֲ‫א‬. •When talking to a group with males in it, call them ‫ֶם‬‫תּ‬ַ‫א‬. •When talking to a group with only females in it, call them ‫ֶן‬‫תּ‬ַ‫א‬. •When talking about a group with males in it, call them ‫ָה‬‫מּ‬ֵ‫ה‬ or ‫ֵם‬‫ה‬. •When talking about a group with only females in it, call them ‫ָה‬‫נּ‬ֵ‫ה‬.
  • 33. Grammatically, everything in Hebrew is either “he” or “she,” not “it.” So if you’re talking to animals or about objects, for example …
  • 34. •If you’d use ‫ָד‬‫ח‬ֶ‫א‬ to say that there is one of those things (or any of those things when there is a mixed group), use the masculine pronouns. •If you’d use ‫ַת‬‫ח‬ַ‫א‬ to say there is one of those things, use the feminine pronouns.
  • 35. Heads up! English speakers can particularly get tripped up by ‫ִיא‬‫ה‬ (“she,” sounds like English “he”) and ‫הוּא‬ (“he,” sounds like English “who”)—so remember which language you’re speaking at any given time!
  • 36. CREDITS Scripted and narrated by Dr. Chris Heard, Pepperdine University Partially funded by a Pepperdine University Faculty Innovation in Teaching and Learning Grant Artwork licensed via iStockphoto