‫עברית‬EXPRESS
Lesson 1: Talking
About Things
The Ivrit Express series
presents compact lessons in
Biblical (not Modern) Hebrew
grammar. It aims to reinforce
(not repla...
This lesson introduces the
basics of talking about things
(including people and places)—
in grammatical parlance, nouns.
Sit back and relax as you
advance through the next
few slides.
‫"ת‬‫י‬ִָ‫בּ‬
‫ָד‬‫ח‬ֶ‫א‬ ‫"ת‬‫י‬ִָ‫בּ‬
‫ִים‬‫בּ‬- ‫ִים‬‫תּ‬ַ‫בּ‬
‫סוּס‬
‫ָד‬‫ח‬ֶ‫א‬ ‫סוּס‬
‫ִים‬‫בּ‬- ‫ִים‬‫ס‬‫סוּ‬
‫ִישׁ‬‫א‬
‫ָד‬‫ח‬ֶ‫א‬ ‫ִישׁ‬‫א‬
‫ִים‬‫בּ‬- ‫ִים‬‫שׁ‬3‫נ‬ֲ‫א‬
‫ָ7ה‬‫פּ‬
‫ַת‬‫ח‬ַ‫א‬ ‫ָ7ה‬‫פּ‬
‫ָרוֹת -בּוֹת‬‫פּ‬
 ‫ה‬ָ‫ח‬ְ‫פ‬ִ‫שׁ‬
‫ַת‬‫ח‬ַ‫א‬ ‫ָה‬‫ח‬ְ‫פ‬ִ‫שׁ‬
‫ְחוֹת -בּוֹת‬‫פ‬ִ‫שׁ‬
‫ָה‬‫מ‬ְ‫ל‬ַ‫שׂ‬
‫ַת‬‫ח‬ַ‫א‬ ‫ָה‬‫מ‬ְ‫ל‬ַ‫שׂ‬
‫ְמוֹת -בּוֹת‬‫ל‬ַ‫שׂ‬
‫ָה‬‫שּׁ‬ִ‫א‬
‫ַת‬‫ח‬ַ‫א‬ ‫ָה‬‫שּׁ‬ִ‫א‬
‫ִים‬‫בּ‬- ‫ִים‬‫שׁ‬3‫נ‬
‫ִיר‬‫ע‬
‫ַת‬‫ח‬ַ‫א‬ ‫ִיר‬‫ע‬
‫ים -בּוֹת‬Bָ‫ע‬
‫ָב‬‫א‬
‫ָד‬‫ח‬ֶ‫א‬ ‫ָב‬‫א‬
‫ִים‬‫בּ‬- ‫ָבוֹת‬‫א‬
‫ר‬Dָ‫בּ‬
‫ָד‬‫ח‬ֶ‫א‬ ‫ר‬Dָ‫בּ‬
‫ִים‬‫בּ‬- ‫ר‬Dָ‫בּ‬
‫ֹאן‬‫צ‬
‫ַת‬‫ח‬ַ‫א‬ ‫ֹאן‬‫צ‬
‫ֹאן -בּוֹת‬‫צ‬
‫3ד‬‫י‬
‫ַת‬‫ח‬ַ‫א‬ ‫3ד‬‫י‬
‫"ם‬‫י‬H3‫י‬ ‫ֵי‬‫תּ‬ְ‫שׁ‬
‫3דוֹת 7בּוֹת‬‫י‬
‫ֶל‬‫ג‬K
‫ַת‬‫ח‬ַ‫א‬ ‫ֶל‬‫ג‬K
‫"ם‬‫י‬ַ‫ל‬ְ‫ג‬- ‫ֵי‬‫תּ‬ְ‫שׁ‬
‫ִים -בּוֹת‬‫ל‬ָ‫ג‬L
I recommend that you go
through the foregoing picture
slides at least three times
before advancing to the
grammatical disc...
In fact, you can implicitly
learn from the pictures what
you need to know. If you can
swap other nouns into the
patterns c...
So the following grammatical
discussion is basically optional,
provided for learners who want
to peek at what the language...
If we let the word “widget”
stand in for each thing you
saw, the examples modeled
how to say:
•“Widget”
•“One widget”
•“Ma...
You know pretty much all of
the grammatical information
you need about any Hebrew
noun if you know how to
say that there’s...
You should have noticed that
there are two ways to say
“one”: ‫ָד‬‫ח‬ֶ‫א‬ and ‫ַת‬‫ח‬ַ‫א‬. Learn the
proper “one” when you...
Your vocabulary list may tell
you that a particular noun is
grammatically “masculine” or
“feminine.” Masculine nouns
use ‫...
But honestly, isn’t it easier
just to remember ‫ָד‬‫ח‬ֶ‫א‬ ‫ִישׁ‬‫א‬ as
a “chunk” than to memorize
grammatical data?
You should also have
noticed two ways to say
“many”: ‫ִים‬‫בּ‬- and ‫.-בּוֹת‬
You also should have
noticed that most of the
plural nouns in the examples
ended in ‫-ים‬ִ or ‫ֹת‬‫ו‬-.
In most cases, the noun’s
plural ending rhymes with the
word it takes for “many.” Thus
the picture lesson gave you
‫ִים‬‫בּ...
But some very common nouns
defy this expectation, like
‫ִים‬‫בּ‬- ‫ָבוֹת‬‫א‬, “many fathers,” or
‫ִים -בּוֹת‬‫שׁ‬3‫נ‬, “many wo...
In the long run, you’ll enjoy
the greatest success by just
learning the “many” phrases
as chunks. Later lessons in
this se...
A few nouns, called
“collective nouns,” don’t
change form when they go
from “one” to “many.” This
lesson used ‫ר‬Dָ‫בּ‬ and...
Finally, a few nouns take a
special form when they
come in pairs. This lesson
illustrated the “dual” form
with ‫"ם‬‫י‬H3‫י...
You need to be aware of
the dual form, because
some of the words that use
it are quite frequent.
However, almost all of the
words that use the dual are
body parts or units for
measuring space and time.
For most nouns, y...
To review: when you learn a new
Hebrew noun, go ahead and learn
how to say “one whatever” and
“many whatevers.” Later on, ...
CREDITS
Scripted and narrated by
Dr. Chris Heard, Pepperdine University
Partially funded by
a Pepperdine University
Facult...
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Ivrit Express 1: Talking About Things

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A brief lesson on the basics of talking about things (using nouns) in Biblical Hebrew. Learn by example, then delve into the underlying grammar!

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Ivrit Express 1: Talking About Things

  1. 1. ‫עברית‬EXPRESS Lesson 1: Talking About Things
  2. 2. The Ivrit Express series presents compact lessons in Biblical (not Modern) Hebrew grammar. It aims to reinforce (not replace) your classroom experiences.
  3. 3. This lesson introduces the basics of talking about things (including people and places)— in grammatical parlance, nouns.
  4. 4. Sit back and relax as you advance through the next few slides.
  5. 5. ‫"ת‬‫י‬ִָ‫בּ‬
  6. 6. ‫ָד‬‫ח‬ֶ‫א‬ ‫"ת‬‫י‬ִָ‫בּ‬
  7. 7. ‫ִים‬‫בּ‬- ‫ִים‬‫תּ‬ַ‫בּ‬
  8. 8. ‫סוּס‬
  9. 9. ‫ָד‬‫ח‬ֶ‫א‬ ‫סוּס‬
  10. 10. ‫ִים‬‫בּ‬- ‫ִים‬‫ס‬‫סוּ‬
  11. 11. ‫ִישׁ‬‫א‬
  12. 12. ‫ָד‬‫ח‬ֶ‫א‬ ‫ִישׁ‬‫א‬
  13. 13. ‫ִים‬‫בּ‬- ‫ִים‬‫שׁ‬3‫נ‬ֲ‫א‬
  14. 14. ‫ָ7ה‬‫פּ‬
  15. 15. ‫ַת‬‫ח‬ַ‫א‬ ‫ָ7ה‬‫פּ‬
  16. 16. ‫ָרוֹת -בּוֹת‬‫פּ‬
  17. 17.  ‫ה‬ָ‫ח‬ְ‫פ‬ִ‫שׁ‬
  18. 18. ‫ַת‬‫ח‬ַ‫א‬ ‫ָה‬‫ח‬ְ‫פ‬ִ‫שׁ‬
  19. 19. ‫ְחוֹת -בּוֹת‬‫פ‬ִ‫שׁ‬
  20. 20. ‫ָה‬‫מ‬ְ‫ל‬ַ‫שׂ‬
  21. 21. ‫ַת‬‫ח‬ַ‫א‬ ‫ָה‬‫מ‬ְ‫ל‬ַ‫שׂ‬
  22. 22. ‫ְמוֹת -בּוֹת‬‫ל‬ַ‫שׂ‬
  23. 23. ‫ָה‬‫שּׁ‬ִ‫א‬
  24. 24. ‫ַת‬‫ח‬ַ‫א‬ ‫ָה‬‫שּׁ‬ִ‫א‬
  25. 25. ‫ִים‬‫בּ‬- ‫ִים‬‫שׁ‬3‫נ‬
  26. 26. ‫ִיר‬‫ע‬
  27. 27. ‫ַת‬‫ח‬ַ‫א‬ ‫ִיר‬‫ע‬
  28. 28. ‫ים -בּוֹת‬Bָ‫ע‬
  29. 29. ‫ָב‬‫א‬
  30. 30. ‫ָד‬‫ח‬ֶ‫א‬ ‫ָב‬‫א‬
  31. 31. ‫ִים‬‫בּ‬- ‫ָבוֹת‬‫א‬
  32. 32. ‫ר‬Dָ‫בּ‬
  33. 33. ‫ָד‬‫ח‬ֶ‫א‬ ‫ר‬Dָ‫בּ‬
  34. 34. ‫ִים‬‫בּ‬- ‫ר‬Dָ‫בּ‬
  35. 35. ‫ֹאן‬‫צ‬
  36. 36. ‫ַת‬‫ח‬ַ‫א‬ ‫ֹאן‬‫צ‬
  37. 37. ‫ֹאן -בּוֹת‬‫צ‬
  38. 38. ‫3ד‬‫י‬
  39. 39. ‫ַת‬‫ח‬ַ‫א‬ ‫3ד‬‫י‬
  40. 40. ‫"ם‬‫י‬H3‫י‬ ‫ֵי‬‫תּ‬ְ‫שׁ‬
  41. 41. ‫3דוֹת 7בּוֹת‬‫י‬
  42. 42. ‫ֶל‬‫ג‬K
  43. 43. ‫ַת‬‫ח‬ַ‫א‬ ‫ֶל‬‫ג‬K
  44. 44. ‫"ם‬‫י‬ַ‫ל‬ְ‫ג‬- ‫ֵי‬‫תּ‬ְ‫שׁ‬
  45. 45. ‫ִים -בּוֹת‬‫ל‬ָ‫ג‬L
  46. 46. I recommend that you go through the foregoing picture slides at least three times before advancing to the grammatical discussion.
  47. 47. In fact, you can implicitly learn from the pictures what you need to know. If you can swap other nouns into the patterns correctly, you’re good to go, whether or not you can explain the grammar.
  48. 48. So the following grammatical discussion is basically optional, provided for learners who want to peek at what the language is doing under the hood.
  49. 49. If we let the word “widget” stand in for each thing you saw, the examples modeled how to say: •“Widget” •“One widget” •“Many widgets”
  50. 50. You know pretty much all of the grammatical information you need about any Hebrew noun if you know how to say that there’s one of them and how to say that there are many of them.
  51. 51. You should have noticed that there are two ways to say “one”: ‫ָד‬‫ח‬ֶ‫א‬ and ‫ַת‬‫ח‬ַ‫א‬. Learn the proper “one” when you learn a new noun. This knowledge is vital to properly understanding and constructing sentences.
  52. 52. Your vocabulary list may tell you that a particular noun is grammatically “masculine” or “feminine.” Masculine nouns use ‫ָד‬‫ח‬ֶ‫א‬ and feminine nouns use ‫ַת‬‫ח‬ַ‫א‬.
  53. 53. But honestly, isn’t it easier just to remember ‫ָד‬‫ח‬ֶ‫א‬ ‫ִישׁ‬‫א‬ as a “chunk” than to memorize grammatical data?
  54. 54. You should also have noticed two ways to say “many”: ‫ִים‬‫בּ‬- and ‫.-בּוֹת‬
  55. 55. You also should have noticed that most of the plural nouns in the examples ended in ‫-ים‬ִ or ‫ֹת‬‫ו‬-.
  56. 56. In most cases, the noun’s plural ending rhymes with the word it takes for “many.” Thus the picture lesson gave you ‫ִים‬‫בּ‬- ‫ִים‬‫ס‬‫סוּ‬ for “many horses” and ‫ְחוֹת -בּוֹת‬‫פ‬ִ‫שׁ‬ for “many maidservants.”
  57. 57. But some very common nouns defy this expectation, like ‫ִים‬‫בּ‬- ‫ָבוֹת‬‫א‬, “many fathers,” or ‫ִים -בּוֹת‬‫שׁ‬3‫נ‬, “many women.”
  58. 58. In the long run, you’ll enjoy the greatest success by just learning the “many” phrases as chunks. Later lessons in this series will assume you’ve taken this advice to heart.
  59. 59. A few nouns, called “collective nouns,” don’t change form when they go from “one” to “many.” This lesson used ‫ר‬Dָ‫בּ‬ and ‫ֹאן‬‫צ‬ as examples of this.
  60. 60. Finally, a few nouns take a special form when they come in pairs. This lesson illustrated the “dual” form with ‫"ם‬‫י‬H3‫י‬ ‫ֵי‬‫תּ‬ְ‫שׁ‬, “two hands,” and ‫"ם‬‫י‬ַ‫ל‬ְ‫ג‬- ‫ֵי‬‫תּ‬ְ‫שׁ‬, “two feet.”
  61. 61. You need to be aware of the dual form, because some of the words that use it are quite frequent.
  62. 62. However, almost all of the words that use the dual are body parts or units for measuring space and time. For most nouns, you use the regular plural to say “two whatevers.”
  63. 63. To review: when you learn a new Hebrew noun, go ahead and learn how to say “one whatever” and “many whatevers.” Later on, when you learn how to pair up nouns with adjectives and verbs, you’ll be glad you did.
  64. 64. CREDITS Scripted and narrated by Dr. Chris Heard, Pepperdine University Partially funded by a Pepperdine University Faculty Innovation in Teaching and Learning Grant Artwork licensed via iStockphoto
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