J Piaget Pp

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Piaget's theories of cognitive and moral development

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J Piaget Pp

  1. 1. Jean Piaget Cody B. Danny M. Andrew S .
  2. 2. Background <ul><li>Born August 9, 1896 Neuchatel, Switzerland </li></ul><ul><li>Swiss Philosopher </li></ul><ul><li>Interested in Biology & the natural world as a kid </li></ul><ul><li>Published few papers before High School </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote more than 60 books </li></ul><ul><li>Moved to France, worked at Grange-Aux-Belles </li></ul>
  3. 3. Theory of Cognitive Development <ul><ul><ul><li>Cognitive development >>> Social Development </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Learning limited by stage </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-Deterministic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-Discontinuous </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Sensorimotor Stage <ul><li>Age 0  2 Infancy </li></ul><ul><li>Differentiate self from objects </li></ul><ul><li>Object permanence learned </li></ul>
  5. 5. Preoperational Stage <ul><li>Age 2  7 (Pre School) </li></ul><ul><li>Motor skills developing </li></ul><ul><li>Thinking remains egocentric and centered (Centration) </li></ul><ul><li>Responds to perceived appearances </li></ul>
  6. 6. Concrete Operational Stage <ul><li>Age 7  11 Childhood </li></ul><ul><li>Begin to form concepts, see relationships, and solve problems, but only as long as they involve objects that are familiar </li></ul><ul><li>Learn Seriation </li></ul><ul><li>Then, Master transitivity </li></ul><ul><li>Able to respond to inferred reality </li></ul>
  7. 7. Formal Operational Stage <ul><li>Age 11  Adult hood </li></ul><ul><li>Can think logically about abstract propositions and test hypotheses systematically  </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to reason about situations that haven’t been recently experienced </li></ul>
  8. 8. Stage v. Continuous
  9. 9. Cognitive Development
  10. 10. Piaget’s Stages of Moral Development <ul><li>Piaget believed that there were two stages of moral development: Heteronomous morality and autonomous morality. </li></ul><ul><li>Heteronomous morality is the stage at which children think that rules are unchangeable. </li></ul><ul><li>Autonomous morality is the stage at which a person understands that people make rules and that punishments are not automatic </li></ul>
  11. 11. Piaget’s Stages of Moral Development <ul><li>Heteronomous morality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rules are imposed upon children by adults </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rules are seen as inflexible, external and not open to negotiation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Violation of rules bring automatic punishment; bad people will eventually be punished. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Punishment is the automatic consequence of the offense </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Piaget’s Stages of Moral Development <ul><li>Autonomous morality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This is the morality of cooperation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equality is based upon cooperation among autonomous individuals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rules are the product of mutual agreement, open to renegotiation and made legitimate by common consent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Right or wrong is relative to an actor’s intention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fairness takes into account individual needs </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Lasting Influence <ul><li>Lawrence Kohlberg </li></ul><ul><li>Psychologist </li></ul><ul><li>Constructivist Stage Theory (of moral development) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>6 Stages: PreConventional, Conventional and Post-Conventional </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Children Resolving Moral Dilemmas </li></ul>
  14. 14. Lasting Influence Cont’d <ul><li>Lev Vygotsky </li></ul><ul><li>Social Interaction  Cognitive Development? </li></ul><ul><li>Culture of Psychological Tools </li></ul><ul><li>Zone of Proximal Development </li></ul>
  15. 15. Criticisms of Piaget <ul><li>Young children can solve conservation problem with different methods </li></ul><ul><li>Infants gain aspect of object permanence earlier than Piaget had predicted </li></ul><ul><li>Depending on schooling and methods of teaching, children can move through the stages faster than he predicted </li></ul>
  16. 16. Work Cited <ul><li>Slavin, Robert E. Educational Psychology . 8th. Boston: Pearson Education, Inc., 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>Atherton J S (2005) Learning and Teaching:  Piaget's developmental theory   [On-line] UK: Available: http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/piaget.htm   Accessed: 14 March 2008 </li></ul>

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