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Gilligan

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  • Transcript

    • 1. Gilligan’s Theory of Development Michelle and Brooke
    • 2. Background History
      • 1958: Swarthmore College, summa cum laude, major in literature
      • 1960: Radcliffe University, Masters in clinical psychology
      • 1964: Harvard University, doctorate in social psychology
      • 1967: Began teaching at Harvard with Erik Erikson
    • 3. Gilligan vs. Kohlberg
      • 1970: Became a research assistant to Lawrence Kohlberg
      • Criticism:
        • Kohlberg only studied white, privileged males
        • Boys and individual rights
        • Girls and Responsibility for others
    • 4. Theory of Development
      • Moral Development
      • Stage Theory
      Gilligan's Stages of the Ethic of Care Approximate Age Range Stage Goal not listed Preconventional Goal is individual survival Transition is from selfishness -- to -- responsibility to others not listed Conventional Self sacrifice is goodness Transition is from goodness -- to -- truth that she is a person too maybe never Postconventional Principle of nonviolence: do not hurt others or self
    • 5. In a Different Voice: Psychological Theory and Women’s Development
      • Gilligan wrote book in1982.
      • She presents her material against Kohlberg’s Theory.
        • Justice
        • Care
      • Mentions the ideals of Freud: how females stay attached to their mother’s and males break free creating a large difference in development.
      • 1995: Women's Psychology, Boys' Development and the Culture of Manhood, a three-year program of research on boys.
    • 6. Projects By Gilligan
      • 1997: Harvard Project on Women's Psychology, Boy's Development and the Culture of Manhood
      • 12.5 million dollar donation by Jane Fonda for Gender and Education Center at Harvard
      • Listening Guide Method
      • Helps teach at Harvard Law on occasion
      • 1992:Grawemeyer Award in Education
      • 1997: Heinz Award
    • 7. Criticisms
      • Christina Hoff Sommers, PhD
        • says Gilligan has no real data
        • Only as anecdotal evidence
        • Test groups were too small
        • Research needs to be retested
        • sex-role stereotypes
        • Gilligan fought back against claims by showing her proof and tests.
    • 8. How it Applies to a Teacher
      • Realize there is a difference between males and females.
      • Males are egocentric and females are more prone to care for others.
    • 9. References
      • Gilligan's In a Different Voice
      • Moral Development and Moral Education: An Overview
      • Soundbites from Christina Hoff Sommers
      • Carol Gilligan: 1936-Present
      • Notes on A Different Voice by Carol Gilligan
      • The Connection
    • 10. References
      • 7. In A Different Voice Passages
      • 8. From White Rats to Robots
      • 9. Carol Gilligan’s Work
      • 10. Applied History of Psychology/Moral Development