Carol Gilligan

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Gilligan's theory of moral development

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Carol Gilligan

  1. 1. Carol Gilligan 1936- Sarah Higgins Raquel Kenley Jeff Young
  2. 2. Background <ul><li>November 28, 1936, in New York City. </li></ul><ul><li>Swarthmore College, 1958 </li></ul><ul><li>Radcliffe University, 1960 - Masters </li></ul><ul><li>Harvard University, 1964 – Doctorate. </li></ul><ul><li>Began teaching at Harvard, 1967 </li></ul><ul><li>Lawrence Kohlberg – 1970 </li></ul><ul><li>1982 - In a Different Voice: Psychological Theory and Women's Development. </li></ul><ul><li>Harvard Grad School of Education – 1986 </li></ul><ul><li>England – 1992-94 </li></ul><ul><li>Time Magazine's top 25 – 1996 </li></ul><ul><li>Criticism stuff below </li></ul>
  3. 3. 1960 St. Joan Of Arc
  4. 4. Influences <ul><li>Laurence Kohlberg </li></ul><ul><li>Freud </li></ul><ul><li>Erik Erikson </li></ul><ul><li>Several decades of changing cultures and shifting views </li></ul><ul><li>Her students today </li></ul>
  5. 5. Theory <ul><li>Stage- Preconventional </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Goal- Individual Survival </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Age- Not Listed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Transition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Selfishness to Responsibility </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Stage- Conventional </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Goal- Self Sacrifice is Goodness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Age- Not Listed </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Theory Cont… <ul><li>Transition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Goodness to Truth that she is a person too </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Stage- Postconventional </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Goal- Principle of Nonviolence: do not hurt others or self </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Age- Maybe Never </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Critique <ul><li>Main critic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Christina Hoff Sommers – </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“Anecdotal evidence, can't be duplicated, samples too small, gender studies needs to be put to the test of people from fields such as neuroscience or evolutionary psychology rather than from the area of education, anti-male agenda hurts both males and females. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Classroom Applications <ul><li>Gilligan’s work has contributed to an increased awareness that care is an integral component of moral reasoning </li></ul><ul><li>Educational approaches based on Gilligan’s work have emphasized efforts to foster empathy and care responses in students </li></ul>
  9. 9. References <ul><li>http://tigger.uic.edu/~lnucci/MoralEd/overviewtext.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.webster.edu/~woolflm/gilligan.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.stolaf.edu/people/huff/classes/handbook/Gilligan.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.feminist.com/resources/artspeech/interviews/carolgilligan.html?gclid=CKWEscWrm5kCFRk_awodHQw-DQ </li></ul><ul><li>http://attitudesong.spaces.live.com/blog/cns!BB0401274A23D807!355.entry </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.fathom.com/feature/122100/index.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.springerlink.com/content/k81nvh1246kklp2v/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://education.stateuniversity.com/pages/2245/Moral-Development.html - Moral Development - Lawrence Kohlberg's Theory of Moral Development and Education </li></ul><ul><li>www.fairview.ws/.../images/1960/1960_01.jpg </li></ul>

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