Alexander Sutherland Neill October 17, 1883 - September 23, 1973 Parents were both school teachers Served as headmaster and taught algebra, geometry and metalworking
Alexander Sutherland Neill Wrote over 20 works including: The Problem Child (1926) That Dreadful School (1937) The Free Child (1953) Neil! Neil! Orange Peel! (1972) Summerhill: a Radical Approach to Childhood (1960) U.S. number one non-fictional best seller
Alexander Sutherland Neill Philosophy Happiness of the child is important in the child’s development and happiness comes from a sense of personal freedom Externally imposed discipline prevents internal self-discipline from developing “Freedom, not license”
Alexander Sutherland Neill “The function of the child is to live his own life – not the life that his anxious parents think he should live, nor a life according to the purpose of the educator who thinks he knows best” Neill developed the Summerhill School to implement his ideas about school being for the children
Summerhill School Established in 1921 Presently located in Leiston, Sutfolk, England Students are allowed to choose the classes they attend, if any Neill thought children learned better when they are not forced to attend classes
Summerhill School Run as a democratic community Meetings are held to decide how the school should run Staff and students can attend meetings Everyone has an equal vote
Summerhill School The student body often consists of problematic backgrounds Often suffering from parental conflict of neglect Summerhill has a therapeutic value Majority of students who had been rejected at conventional schools flourish at Summerhill A.S. Neill served as headmaster and after his death his wife took over His daughter Zoe Neill Readhead is the current headmaster.
Criticism Often called the “Do as you please School” The right to stay away from lessons, forever if desired, were much more frightening for the mainstream education system.