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Tpr

  1. 1. TEMPORIZATION OR PROVISIONAL RESTORATION www.rxdentistry.net
  2. 2.  “PROVISIONAL”- ESTABLISHED FOR TIME BEING,PENDING A PERMANENT ARRANGEMENT.  AFTER TOOTH PREPARATION TEMPORARY PROTECTIVE OR FUNCTIONAL RESTORATION IS FABRICATED OVER THE PREPARED TOOTH TO BE USED UNTIL FABRICATION OF FINAL PROSTHESIS www.rxdentistry.net
  3. 3. IDEAL REQUIREMENTS OF PROVISIONAL RESTORATION www.rxdentistry.net
  4. 4. PROVISIONAL RESTORATION BIOLOGIC REQUIREMENTS MECHANICAL REQUIREMENTS ESTHETIC REQUIREMENTS www.rxdentistry.net
  5. 5. BIOLOGIC REQUIREMENTS PROVISIONAL RESTORATION SHOULD  PROTECT THE PULP BECAUSE A FRESHLY PREPARED TOOTH WILL HAVE INCREASED SENSITIVITY  MAINTAIN PERIODONTAL HEALTH(GOOD MARGINAL FIT) www.rxdentistry.net
  6. 6. BE OCCLUSALLY COMPATIBLE  PROTECT AGAINST FRACTURE  www.rxdentistry.net
  7. 7. MECHANICAL REQUIREMENTS PROVISIONAL RESTORATION SHOULD  RESIST FUNCTIONAL LOADS  RESIST REMOVAL FORCES  MAINTAIN INTERABUTMENT ALIGNMENT www.rxdentistry.net
  8. 8. ESTHETIC REQUIREMENTS PROVISIONAL RESTORATION SHOULD BE EASILY CONTOURABLE  BE COLOR COMPATIBLE  BE TRANSLUCENT  BE COLOR STABLE  www.rxdentistry.net
  9. 9. INDICATION A LONG SPAN POSTERIOR FPD  PROLONGED TREATMENT TIME  PATIENT UNABLE TO AVOID EXCESSIVE FORCES ON THE PROSTHESIS  ABOVE AVERAGE MASTICATORY MUSCLE STRENGTH  HISTORY OF FREQUENT BREAKAGE www.rxdentistry.net
  10. 10. TYPES OF PROVISIONAL RESTORATION www.rxdentistry.net
  11. 11. TYPE OF PROVISIONAL RESTORATION BASED ON .. METHOD OF FABRICATION MATERIALS AVAILABLE IN PREFORMED CROWNS TYPE OF MATERIAL USED DURATION OF USE TECHNIQUE FOR FABRICATION www.rxdentistry.net
  12. 12. DEPENDING ON THE METHOD OF FABRICATION www.rxdentistry.net
  13. 13.  CUSTOM MADE PROVISIONAL RESTORATION  PREFABRICATED PROVISIONAL RESTORATION www.rxdentistry.net
  14. 14. CUSTOM MADE PROVISIONAL RESTORATION  THIS RESTORATION IS FABRICATED TO REPRODUCE THE ORIGINAL CONTOURS OF THE TOOTH  AN IMPRESSION OF THE PREPARED TOOTH IS MADE AND A CAST IS POURED  PREPARED TOOTH ON THE CAST IS WAXED UP AND CARVED TO REPRODUCE THE ORIGINAL CONTOURS www.rxdentistry.net
  15. 15. PREFORMED PROVISIONAL RESTORATION  THESE ARE COMMERCIALLY AVAILABLE PREFABRICATED CROWNS  AVAILABLE IN VARIOUS SIZES  OPERATOR CHOOSES THE BEST ONE SUIT TO THE PATIENT  BEFORE CEMENTATION THESE CROWNS ARE SLIGHTLY ALTERED AND MODIFIED TO FIT THE TOOTH www.rxdentistry.net
  16. 16. DEPENDING ON THE MATERIAL AVAILABLE IN PREFORMED CROWNS www.rxdentistry.net
  17. 17.  POLYCARBONATE  CELLULOSE ACETATE  ALUMINIUM AND TIN-SILVER  NICKEL-CHROMIUM www.rxdentistry.net
  18. 18. DEPENDING ON THE TYPE OF MATERIAL USED www.rxdentistry.net
  19. 19.  RESIN BASED PROVISIONAL RESTORATION CELLULOSE ACETATE POLYCARBONATE POLY-METHYL METHACRYLATE POLY-R METHACRYLATE MICROFILLED COMPOSITE URETHANE DIMETHACRYLATE  METAL PROVISIONAL RESTORATION ALUMINIUM NICKEL-CHROMIUM TIN-SILVER www.rxdentistry.net
  20. 20. DEPENDING ON THE DURATION OF USE www.rxdentistry.net
  21. 21.  SHORT TERM TEMPORARY RESTORATION  LONG TERM TEMPORARY RESTORATION www.rxdentistry.net
  22. 22. DEPENDING ON TECHNIQUE OF FABRICATION www.rxdentistry.net
  23. 23.  PROVISIONAL RESTORATION FABRICATED USING DIRECT TECHNIQUE  PROVISIONAL RESTORATION FABRICATED USING INDIRECT TECHNIQUE  PROVISIONAL RESTORATION FABRICATED USING DIRECT-INDIRECT TECHNIQUE www.rxdentistry.net
  24. 24. TECHNIQUES FOR CUSTOM PROVISIONAL RESTORATION www.rxdentistry.net
  25. 25. OVERIMPRESSION FABRICATED PROVISIONAL CROWN  TEMPLATE FABRICATED PROVISIONAL FIXED PARTIAL DENTURE  TEMPLATE FABRICATED VLC PROVISIONAL RESTORATION  SHELL-FABRICATED PROVISIONAL RESTORATION  OVERIMPRESSION FABRICATED BISACRYL COMPOSITE CROWN  www.rxdentistry.net
  26. 26. OVERIMPRESSION FABRICATED PROVISIONAL CROWN www.rxdentistry.net
  27. 27. 1.COMMONLY DONE WITH ALGINATE IMPRESSION MATERIAL 2.OVERIMPRESSION CAN BE MADE FROM THE PATIENTS MOUTH OR FROM THE DIAGNOSTIC CAST. 3.WHEN THE ALGINATE HAS SET OVERIMPRESSION IS REMOVED AND CHECKED FOR COMPLETENESS. www.rxdentistry.net
  28. 28. 4.THIN FLASHES OF IMPRESSION MATERIAL THAT REPLICATE THE GINGIVAL CREVICE ARE REMOVED TO INSURE THAT NO IMPEDIMENT TO THE COMPLETE SEATING OF THE CAST INTO THE OVERIMPRESSION LATER. 5.IMPRESSION IS THEN WRAPPED IN A WET PAPER TOWEL AND PLACED IN A ZIPLOCK PLASTIC BAG FOR LATER USE. www.rxdentistry.net
  29. 29. 6.WHEN THE TOOTH PREPARATION IS COMPLETED,ANOTHE R QUADRANT IMPRESSION IS MADE WITH ALGINATE 7.THIS IMPRESSION IS THEN POURED WITH A THIN MIX OF QUICK SETTING PLASTER. 8.THEN TRY TRIMMED QUICK SET PLASTER CAST IN THE OVERIMPRESION TO MAKE SURE THAT IT WILL SEAT COMPLETELY www.rxdentistry.net
  30. 30. 9.COAT THE PREPARED TOOTH AND ADJACENT AREAS OF THE CAST LIBERALLY WITH A “TIN FOIL SUBSTITUTE” SEPERATING MEDIUM 10.MIX TOOTH COLORED ACRYLIC RESIN IN A DAPPEN DISH WITH A CEMENT SPATULA 11.PLACE THE RESIN IN THE OVERIMPRESSION SO THAT IT COMPLETELY FILLS THE CROWN AREA OF THE TOOTH www.rxdentistry.net
  31. 31. . . 12.SEAT THE CAST INTO THE OVERIMPRESSION ,MAKING SURE THAT THE TEETH ON THE CAST ARE ACCURATELY ALIGNED WITH THE TOOTH IMPRESSION. 13.FORCE USED TO SEAT THE CAST INTO THE ALGINATE IMPRESSION IS CRITICAL.EXCESSIVE FORCE CAN OVERSEAT THE CAST AND UNEVEN FORCE CAN TORQUE THE CAST. 14.ONCE THE CAST HAS BEEN FIRMLY SEATED HOLD THE CAST IN PLACE WITH A www.rxdentistry.net LARGE RUBBER BAND
  32. 32. 15.PLACE THE OVERIMPRESSIONPLASTER CAST ASSEMBLY IN A PLASTER BOWL FULL OF HOT TAP WATER OR APPROX. 5 MIN OR INTO A PRESSURE POT UNDER 20 PSI. 16.WHEN THE RESIN HAS POLYMERISED.REMOVE THE RUBBER BAND TO DISASSEMBLE IT. www.rxdentistry.net
  33. 33. 17.FINALLY THE RESTORATION IS FINISHED,POLISHED AND CEMENTED www.rxdentistry.net
  34. 34. www.rxdentistry.net

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