WORLD KIDNEY DAY
Celebrated on the second Thursday
in March 2014
WORLD KIDNEY DAY
1.World Kidney Day was established to increase
awareness of the need for detection programs for
CKD & to ...
Objectives
• Raise awareness about our "amazing
kidneys"Highlight that diabetes and high blood
pressure are key risk facto...
Objectives
• Stress the important role of local and national
health authorities in controlling the CKD
epidemic. Health au...
Most People with CKD will Die
Prematurely from their Increased Risk of
Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular
Disease Before t...
Interconnections Between
Obesity, Diabetes Mellitus,
High Blood Pressure, and
Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)
Diabetes Mellitus
• Diabetes is the most common cause of endstage CKD that requires chronic dialysis
treatments or renal t...
Diabetes Mellitus
• Tight glucose control in DM appears to
reduce the risk for CKD.
• Blood pressure control reduces the h...
High blood pressure
• High blood pressure, like chronic kidney
disease (CKD), is often silent and dangerous.
• High blood ...
4 diseases
• Together these 4 diseases (Obesity, Diabetes,
CKD and high blood pressure) cause a large
percentage of the il...
•

•
•
•
•

Suggested Goals for CKD Patients esp. with
Diabetes and High Blood Pressure
Lifestyle modifications (no obesit...
•
•
•
•

Suggested Goals for CKD Patients esp. with
Diabetes and High Blood Pressure
HbA1c at <7% (in diabetics)
Dietary p...
Eight Golden Rules
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Keeping fit and active
Keep regular control of your blood sugar level
Monitor your blood...
Maintaining a healthy fluid intake
• Consuming plenty of fluid helps the kidneys
to clear sodium, urea and toxins from the...
Maintaining a healthy fluid intake
• It’s important to bear in mind that the correct
level of fluid intake for any individ...
• The goal is to use World Kidney Day as a
mechanism to stimulate people to work
together to improve the health care syste...
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World kidney day

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World kidney day

  1. 1. WORLD KIDNEY DAY Celebrated on the second Thursday in March 2014
  2. 2. WORLD KIDNEY DAY 1.World Kidney Day was established to increase awareness of the need for detection programs for CKD & to improve prevention & treatment of CKD. 2.The motto of World Kidney Day: Kidney Disease is Common, Harmful and Treatable.
  3. 3. Objectives • Raise awareness about our "amazing kidneys"Highlight that diabetes and high blood pressure are key risk factors for Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). • Encourage systematic screening of all patients with diabetes and hypertension for CKD. • Encourage preventive behaviours. • Educate all medical professionals about their key role in detecting and reducing the risk of CKD, particularly in high risk populations.
  4. 4. Objectives • Stress the important role of local and national health authorities in controlling the CKD epidemic. Health authorities worldwide will have to deal with high and escalating costs if no action is taken to treat the growing number of people with CKD. On World Kidney Day all governments are encouraged to take action and invest in further kidney screening. • Encourage Transplantation as a best-outcome option for kidney failure, and the act of organ donation as a life-saving initiative.
  5. 5. Most People with CKD will Die Prematurely from their Increased Risk of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Disease Before they Develop End-Stage Kidney Failure
  6. 6. Interconnections Between Obesity, Diabetes Mellitus, High Blood Pressure, and Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)
  7. 7. Diabetes Mellitus • Diabetes is the most common cause of endstage CKD that requires chronic dialysis treatments or renal transplantation • Roughly one-third of people with Diabetes will develop CKD • Diabetes is easy to detect, can be prevented in most cases, and can usually be treated effectively in most cases.
  8. 8. Diabetes Mellitus • Tight glucose control in DM appears to reduce the risk for CKD. • Blood pressure control reduces the harmful complications of DM. • DM is easy to detect, and in most cases, it can be prevented and usually treated effectively.
  9. 9. High blood pressure • High blood pressure, like chronic kidney disease (CKD), is often silent and dangerous. • High blood pressure causes CKD. • CKD causes High blood pressure. • Both CKD and Hogh blood pressure are common and treatable. •
  10. 10. 4 diseases • Together these 4 diseases (Obesity, Diabetes, CKD and high blood pressure) cause a large percentage of the illnesses and deaths in the Developed and the Developing World.
  11. 11. • • • • • Suggested Goals for CKD Patients esp. with Diabetes and High Blood Pressure Lifestyle modifications (no obesity, regular exercise) BP 130/80 mmHg or lower, esp in diabetes or proteinuria) Maximal reduction of proteinuria (<1 g/d) Multiple BP lowering meds(3-4 meds or more, if needed) ACEIs, ARBs, Diuretics, Beta-Blockers, NonDihydropyridine-CCBs
  12. 12. • • • • Suggested Goals for CKD Patients esp. with Diabetes and High Blood Pressure HbA1c at <7% (in diabetics) Dietary protein restriction (0.6 - 0.8 kg/d) Dietary sodium restriction (<2-3 g/d sodium) Lipid-lowering therapy (diet, statins)
  13. 13. Eight Golden Rules • • • • • • • Keeping fit and active Keep regular control of your blood sugar level Monitor your blood pressure Eat healthily and keep your weight in check Maintain a healthy fluid intake Do not smoke Do not take over-the-counter pills on a regular basis • Check your kidney function if you have one or more of the ‘high risk’ factors
  14. 14. Maintaining a healthy fluid intake • Consuming plenty of fluid helps the kidneys to clear sodium, urea and toxins from the body which, in turn, results in a “significantly lower risk” of developing chronic kidney disease. • Research findings do not advocate “aggressive fluid loading”, which can cause side effects, but provide evidence that moderately increased water intake, around two litres daily, may reduce the risk of decline in kidney function
  15. 15. Maintaining a healthy fluid intake • It’s important to bear in mind that the correct level of fluid intake for any individual depends on many factors including gender, exercise, climate, health conditions, pregnancy and breast-feeding. • In addition, people who have already had a kidney stone are advised to drink two to three litres of water daily to lessen the risk of forming a new stone
  16. 16. • The goal is to use World Kidney Day as a mechanism to stimulate people to work together to improve the health care system as it affects public health, preventative medicine and acute and chronic medical care in their locality with regard to acute and chronic kidney disease .

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