World aids day
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World aids day

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    World aids day World aids day Presentation Transcript

    • World AIDS Day
    • Between 2011-2015, World AIDS Day has the theme: "Getting to zero: zero new HIV infections. Zero discrimination. Zero AIDS-related deaths"
    • World AIDS Day • World AIDS Day is held every December 1 On this day, communities around the world honor and commemorate those lost to AIDS and those who continue to live with the effects of HIV/AIDS. World AIDS Day is also used to mark the achievements made, and the work still to be done, in the fight against HIV/AIDS.
    • H Human I Immunodeficiency V Virus
    • HIV Transmission • HIV enters the bloodstream through: – Open Cuts – Breaks in the skin – Mucous membranes – Direct injection
    • HIV Transmission • Common fluids that are a means of transmission: – Blood – Semen – Vaginal Secretions – Breast Milk
    • HIV in Body Fluids Blood 18,000 Semen 11,000 Vaginal Fluid 7,000 Amniotic Fluid 4,000 Saliva 1 Average number of HIV particles in 1 ml of these body fluids
    • A Acquired I Immuno D Deficiency S Syndrome
    • AIDS is ….. Caused by fascinating HIV Virus, difficult to understand the complex Mechanisms,Scienticco mmunities are puzzled for newer solutions.
    • AIDS is spread in a friendly way. AIDS continues to be an Important sexually transmitted Infection. Safe sex is the A,B,C,D of Prevention
    • AIDS is dangerous to life Any person infected will continue to harbor the HIV virus. Modern drugs can prolong life But not eliminate the cause of Death
    • AIDS reduces useful years of Life • The present contest the AIDS struck the young adults and workers in their prime years of life. • AID’s epidemic is having devastating effects on social and economic structure in some countries
    • WHO Estimates • WHO estimates that 4 million new HIV infections occur every year. • 90 % infection occurring in Developing countries • AIDS is over whelming Heterosexually transmitted disease and there will be equal number of Male and Female cases
    • Global prevalence of AIDS • HIV continues to be a major global public health issue, having claimed more than 36 million lives so far. • There were approximately 35.3 [32.2–38.8] million people living with HIV in 2012.
    • Why Rapid Spread of AIDS • Massive migration of rural inhabitants to urban centers • International movements of infected individuals • Consequence of civil disturbances, tourism, sex trade, Business travel.
    • HIV Risk Reduction • Avoid unprotected sexual contact • Use barriers such as condoms and dental dams • Limit multiple partners by maintaining a long-term relationship with one person • Talk to your partner about being tested before you begin a sexual relationship
    • HIV Risk Reduction • Avoid drug and alcohol use to maintain good judgment • Don’t share needles used by others for: Drugs Tattoos Body piercing • Avoid exposure to blood products
    • Protection from AIDS • Protect yourself or your partner by using a condom during sexual intercourse • If you are a partner are at risk, avoid mouth contact with the penis, vagina, or rectum Avoid all sexual activities which could cause cuts or tears in the linings of the rectum, vagina, or penis
    • Protection from aids • If you have been infected with the AIDS virus. Do not share intravenous drug equipment Antiviral medications may be prescribed for unanticipated sexual or injection drug use exposure to HIV. Treatment for the exposed person must begin within 72 hours
    • Condoms Using condoms is not 100 percent effective in preventing transmission of sexually transmitted infections including HIV Condoms = Safer sex Condoms ≠ Safe sex
    • Condom Use • Should be used consistently and correctly • Should be either latex or polyurethane • Should be discussed with your partner before the sexual act begins • Should be the responsibility of both partners for the protection of both partners • Male and female condoms are available
    • People Infected with HIV • Can look healthy • Can be unaware of their infection • Can live long productive lives when their HIV infection is managed • Can infect people when they engage in high-risk behavior
    • HIV Exposure and Infection • Some people have had multiple exposures without becoming infected • Some people have been exposed one time and become infected
    • HIV and Sexually Transmitted Diseases STDs increase infectivity of HIV – A person co-infected with an STD and HIV may be more likely to transmit HIV due to an increase in HIV viral shedding – More white blood cells, some carrying HIV, may be present in the mucosa of the genital area due to a sexually transmitted infection
    • HIV and Sexually Transmitted Diseases • STDs increase the susceptibility to HIV – Ulcerative and inflammatory STDs compromise the mucosal or cutaneous surfaces of the genital tract that normally act as a barrier against HIV – Ulcerative STDs include: syphilis, chancroid, and genital herpes • Inflammatory STDs include: chlamydia, gonorrhea, and trichomoniasis
    • HIV and Sexually Transmitted Diseases • The effect of HIV infection on the immune system increases the the risk of STDs A suppressed immune response due to HIV can: • Increase the reactivation of genital ulcers • Increase the rate of abnormal cell growth • Increase the difficulty in curing reactivated or newly acquired genital ulcers • Increase the risk of becoming infected with additional STDs
    • HIV Occupational Exposure • Review facility policy and report the incident • Medical follow-up is necessary to determine the exposure risk and course of treatment • Baseline and follow-up HIV testing • Four week course of medication initiated one to two hours after exposure • Liver function tests to monitor medication tolerance • Exposure precautions practiced
    • HIV Non-Occupational Exposure PREVENTION --- FIRST • • • No data exists on the efficacy of antiretroviral medication after non-occupational exposures The health care provider and patient may decide to use antiretroviral therapy after weighing the risks and benefits Antiretrovirals should not be used for those with low-risk transmissions or exposures occurring more than 72 hours after exposure
    • HIV Non-Occupational Exposure • Provider Considerations: – Evaluate HIV status of patient and risk history of source patient – Provide necessary medical care and counseling – Evaluate risk event and factors for exposure – Determine elapsed time from exposure – Evaluate potential for continuous HIV exposure – Obtain informed consent for testing and treatment – Evaluate pregnancy status of females – Monitor for drug toxicity and acute infection
    • Reducing Stigma and Discrimination • Stigma and discrimination are primary barriers to universal access to HIV treatment, care, and prevention. People living with HIV often face discrimination from health providers, employers, family members or friend 30
    • Antiretroviral therapy • There is no cure for HIV infection. However, effective treatment with antiretroviral drugs can control the virus so that people with HIV can enjoy healthy and productive lives. • In 2012, more than 9.7 million people living with HIV were receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) in low- and middle-income countries.
    • Antiretroviral therapy • Standard antiretroviral therapy (ART) consists of the use of at least three antiretroviral (ARV) drugs to maximally suppress the HIV virus and stop the progression of HIV disease. • Huge reductions have been seen in rates of death and suffering when use is made of a potent ARV regimen
    • Best actions we can take There are many ways you can take action in the fight against HIV/AIDS: • Get tested for HIV • Practice safe methods to prevent HIV • Decide not to engage in high risk behaviors • Talk about HIV prevention with family, friends, and colleagues • Provide support to people living with HIV/AIDS • Get involved with or host an event for World AIDS Day in your community
    • Promote and Encourage awareness among Women • WORLD is a diverse community of women living with HIV/AIDS and their supporters working together to: • Provide support and information to women with HIV/AIDS and their friends, family & loved ones. • Educate and inspire women with HIV/AIDS to advocate for themselves, one another and their communities • Promote public awareness of women's HIV/AIDS issues and a compassionate response for all people with HIV/AIDS
    • We all should be united to control AIDS