• Like

Harassment in workplace



  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
No Downloads


Total Views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds



Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

    No notes for slide


  • 1. HARASSMENT INWORKPLACE Supervised By Dr. Omar Balubaid Prepared By Yaser Faez Badawi Sunday Activity JPFCM June 2011
  • 2. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬CONTENTS Discrimination:  Definition  Types Harassment:  Definition  Types Bullying:  Definition  Types Sexual Harassment Prevention of Harassment Saudi Arabia Law of Harassment Prevalence of Harassment and Discrimination among Resident of the National Guard Hospitals – Study Discussion
  • 3. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬Definitions
  • 4. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬DEFINITIONS Discrimination:  the grant by statute of particular privileges to a class arbitrarily designated from a sizable number of persons, where no reasonable distinction exists between the favored and disfavored classes.  The legal definition by Cokorinos, Lee. 2003
  • 5. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬TYPESAge PregnancyDisability Race/ColorPayment ReligionGenetic Retaliation Information SexNational Origin
  • 6. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬DEFINITIONS Harassment:  unwanted, unwelcomed and uninvited behavior that demeans, threatens or offends the victim and results in a hostile environment for the victim.  Brown, James. “Sexual Harassment.
  • 7. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬TYPESBullying  MobbingPsychological  HazingRacial  Police harassmentReligious  CyberstalkingSexual  ElectronicStalking  Sociological
  • 8. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬BullyingShouting is Announcing
  • 9. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬DEFINITIONS Bullying:  physical and psychological harassing behavior perpetrated against an individual, by one or more persons.  Brown, James. “Sexual Harassment.
  • 10. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬Types of Bullies The Gatekeeper
  • 11. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬Types of Bullies The Constant Critic
  • 12. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬Types of BulliesThe Screaming Mimi
  • 13. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬Types of Bullies Two Headed Snake
  • 14. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬ The Statistics - Bullying Men & Women bullied/bully in equal numbers Women bullies target women 84% of the time Men bullies target women 69% of the time Vast majority of bullies are bosses (81%)  Source: Campaign against workplace bullying 2009 (USA)`
  • 15. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬Other Facts……………….. Women are more likely to report bullying About 1 victim in 100 either attempts or succeeds to commit suicide Most people who are bullied report damage to their health Bullying is responsible for 1 resignation in 4
  • 16. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬Sexual HarassmentHarassment Is In The Eye of The Beholder
  • 17. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬Sexual Harassment• Unwelcome and unwanted verbal, physical, or visual behavior of a sexual nature
  • 18. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬ VERBAL SEXUAL HARASSMENT Sexual advances Sexual propositions Derogatory sexual comments or slurs Sexual jokes Graphic verbal commentaries about an individual’s body Suggestive/obscene language.
  • 19. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬ PHYSICAL SEXUAL HARASSMENTTouchingAssaultingImpeding and/or blocking movementRape
  • 20. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬VISUAL SEXUAL HARASSMENT Winking Leering Sexual gestures Displaying sexually suggestive object(s), picture(s), or cartoons Displaying pornographic material on computer or otherwise
  • 21. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬Two types of work placesexual harassment Quid pro quo  Hostile Environment  When as individual is subject to sexual  When sexual conduct advances interferes with an  When conduct of a individual’s job sexual nature is used as performance or a basis for employer creates a hostile, decisions affecting the individual intimidating, or  When the individual is offensive environment subject to such conduct  May or may not result a condition of in tangible or employment economic job consequences
  • 22. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬Parties Victim,and Harasser
  • 23. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬Parties Man, or Woman
  • 24. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬Parties Different, or Same sex
  • 25. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬Severe or Pervasive Harassingconduct is so severe or pervasive that it alters the work environment. Severe Pervasive
  • 26. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬Prevention
  • 27. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬Who is responsible? Everyone.
  • 28. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬How?  developing employee’s right policy. Implementing the policy. Educating employee
  • 29. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬General guiding principles Familiarize yourself with the policy Address incidents of sexual harassment immediately Cooperate with authorities Thorough investigation Satisfactory resolution
  • 30. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬Follow the FACTS  Familiarize yourself with the policy – Read the policy – Ask questions – Keep a copy in a safe place
  • 31. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬Follow the FACTS  Address incidents of sexual harassment immediately – Employee must report – Administration must respond
  • 32. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬Follow the FACTS  Cooperate with authorities – Full cooperation of all parties is expected and required
  • 33. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬Follow the FACTS  Thorough investigation – Documentation of complaints – Employee/student interviews – Signed statements
  • 34. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬Follow the FACTS  Satisfactory resolution – Swift response and resolution – Objective review of the facts – Fair and appropriate response
  • 35. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬An ExampleSHARP Program
  • 36. U.S. Army G-1Sexual Harassment/Assault Response and Prevention (SHARP) Program
  • 37. I. A.M. Strong Prevention CampaignPhase I: Committed Army Leadership – Launched September 2008 Phase II: Army-Wide Conviction – Launched April 2009 Phase III: Achieving Cultural Change – Launched April 2011 Phase IV: Sustaining, Refining and Sharing – Projected Launch Date: (2012)
  • 38. The Army will use training, education, andawareness to:• Reinforce a commitment to Army values• Prevent sexual assault and sexual harassment• Provide confidential avenues for reporting
  • 39. The Army will use training, education, andawareness to:• Promote the sensitive handling of victims ofsexual assault• Offer victim assistance and counseling• Hold those who commit sexual assaultsaccountable
  • 40. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬Saudi Arabia
  • 41. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬
  • 42. RESOURCES Cokorinos, Lee. 2003.The Assault on Diversity: An Organized Challenge to Racial and Gender Justice. New York: Rowman & Littlefield Brown, James. “Sexual Harassment.” Vol. 14. July 1996, 68-70. http://www.un.org/womenwatch/osagi/pdf/whatissh.pdf - UN Women Watch Commission. www.PreventSexualAssault.army.mil - Army Sexual Harassment/Assault Response and Prevention Program website www.MilitaryOneSource.com - Military OneSource, 1-800-342-9647 http://www.shura.gov.sa/wps/wcm/connect/ShuraArabic/internet/Home/ - Saudi Congress - 2011 http://www.lawlink.nsw.gov.au/adb.nsf/pages/index - Australian Anti- discrimination Board - 2008 Http://www.eeco.gov – U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission - 2011
  • 43. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬Prevalence of Harassmentand Discrimination amongResident of the NationalGuard Hospitals – StudyDiscussionPrinciple Investigator: Dr. Bayan BukhariSupervisor Consultant: Dr. Wesam AboZnadah
  • 44. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬Introduction Residency training is an important experience in physician life. Resident are subject to harassment It impacts their well being
  • 45. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬Objective To determine the presence of this phenomenon in NGHA training programs Toattract the attention of policy makers in an effort to develop and implement measures to alleviate harassment.
  • 46. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬MethodsA Cross-sectional Survey 213 Residents returned Categories:  No harassment  At least Once  More Harasment
  • 47. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬Methods Types:  Verbal abuse  Academic abuse  Physical abuse  Discrimination upon:  Gender  Regional oriantation  Physical apperance  Sexual harassment
  • 48. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬Methods Male : Female comparison using:  Chi-square
  • 49. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬Results Rspondants Male Female
  • 50. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬Most Experinced
  • 51. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬Results Sexual Female > Male (p=0.0061)8 residents sought for psychiatrist 47residents will pursue for other career if to do all over
  • 52. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬ CONSULTANT most often reported abusivethen Patients Patients’ families
  • 53. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬Conclusion High harassment rate among NHGA . High in a specific types: verbal, gender, sexual Elaborationof this unsavory culture will lead to establishing of strong preventive methods against it.
  • 54. ‫ﮟ‬ ‫ﮝﮞ‬ ‫ﮚﮛ ﮜ‬Thank You