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is an infection of the sebaceous glands at the base of the eyelashes. Styes are similar to chalazia, but tend to be of smaller size and feel much more painful and usually produce no lasting damage.
Styes are generally caused by a Staphylococcus aureus bacterial infection.
Although they are particularly common in infants, styes are experienced by people of all ages.
Styes can be triggered by stress or poor nutrition. Using the same razor to shave hair near both the eyes and a mustache can also spread staphylococcus bacteria, potentially leading to styes or other eye infections. The bacteria are contagious, so care should be taken to avoid touching the eye or sharing cosmetics, towels, or washcloths. Styes will last up to two and a half years without treatment, with treatment anywhere between 8 months and a month.
The first signs of a stye are tenderness, pain and redness in the affected area. Later symptoms include itching, swelling, watering of the eye, sensitivity to light and discomfort when blinking.
A yellowish bump sometimes develops in the affected area. This can be found on the top, bottom, or any area pertaining to the eye.
While most styes will drain on their own, this process can be accelerated by the application of a warm compress. There is also a specialized Polysporin topical ointment for styes. With treatment, styes typically resolve within one week.
Lancing of a stye is not recommended without technical expertise given its proximity to the eye. Styes may also cause a bruised feeling around the eye, which can be treated through the application of a warm cloth .
Xanthelasma: is a sharply demarcated yellowish collection of cholesterol underneath the skin, usually on or around the eyelids. Although not harmful or painful, these minor growths may be disfiguring and can be removed with:
Ptosis does not usually improve with time, and nearly always requires corrective surgery by an ophthalmologist specializing in plastic and reconstructive surgery. In most cases, surgery is performed to strengthen or tighten the levator muscle and lift the eyelid. If the levator muscle is especially weak, the lid and eyebrow may be lifted. Ptosis can usually be performed with local anesthesia except with young children .
There is quite a variation in the appearance of atopic dermatitis between individuals. From time to time, most people have acute flares with inflamed, red, sometimes blistered and weepy patches. In between flares, the skin may appear normal or suffer from chronic eczema with dry, thickened and itchy areas.
This individual with measles is displaying red Koplik spots on his buccal mucosa during the 3rd day of the rash. Koplik's spots occur 1-2 days before to 1-2 days after the cutaneous rash. Their presence is considered to be pathognomonic for measles, and appear as punctate blue-white spots on the bright red background of the oral buccal (cheek) mucosa.
This child with measles is displaying the characteristic red blotchy pattern on his body during third day of the rash.
Measles is an acute, highly communicable viral disease with prodromal fever, conjunctivitis, coryza, cough, and Koplik spots on the buccal mucosa. A red blotchy rash appears around day 3 of the illness, first on the face, and then becoming generalized.
Common, chronic dermatosis of unknown aetiology, characterized by scaling and redness occurring primarily in the areas with the highest concentration of sebaceous glands, namely the scalp, face, presternal and intertriginous areas.
On the scalp, it generally appears first as small patches of scales, progressing to involve the entire scalp with exfoliation of excessive amounts of dry scales. It is very common during the infancy age group, approximately 50 per cent of infantile cases occur before 5 weeks of age.
Variety of inflammatory disorders of the skin that occur on the lower aspect of the abdomen, genitalia, buttocks, and upper portion of the thighs initiated by a combination of factors, the most significant being irritation by the urine and faeces, occlusion and candida colonisation.
Diffuse reddening of the skin with papules, vesicles, oedema, and scaling of the involved areas as well as psoriasiform lesions, secondary erosions, ulcerations and infiltrated nodules in more severe cases may occur. Diaper dermatitis peaks between the ages of 6 and 10 months.
A common chronic, noninflammatory and usually symptomless disorder, characterized by the occurrence of multiple macular patches of all sizes and shapes, and varying in pigmentation from fawn-coloured to brown.
It is produced by the proliferation of the lipophilic yeast, Malassezia furfur which is part of the normal flora of human skin.
It can but is most commonly seen in young adults and is comparatively rare in children .
Treatmenoccur at any age t antifungal cream and shampoo
Cutaneous eruption characterized by discoid or coin-shaped plaques of eczema.
The lesions usually occur on the extensor surfaces of the extremities, but the face and trunk may also be involved.
The specific aetiology is unknown. However, it seems to appear in a cold and dry environment and is aggravated by excessive bathing and local irritants such as wool. Often, a heavy colonisation of the lesions by staphylococci has been found.
Associated neoplastic conditions include GI lymphomas and non-Hodgkin lymphoma; patients are at increased risk of developing these cancers. A gluten-free diet may reduce incidence of DH-associated lymphomas
Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) is a group of inherited bullous disorders characterized by blister formation in response to mechanical trauma.
Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) is a genetic disease and no drugs are known to correct the underlying molecular defects. Prolonged use of steroids is contraindicated in the treatment of inherited forms of EB.
No other drugs, including phenytoin and tetracycline, have improved the blistering or epithelial dis adhesion in EB significantly or consistently.