Web Terminology Presented by: Dawn Rauscher September 9, 2008
What is HTML?
File Transfer Protocol (FTP)
Questions & Answers
Portable across platforms
Write the code in a document using a text-editor program
View the page in a browser
In Dreamweaver choose Code view to view the HTML code
XHTML ( Hyper Text Markup Language)
The World Wide Web
Purpose for Communication
Internet is vast network that connects computers all over the world
World Wide Web
1990 & 1991 was created by Tim Berners-Lee
( WWW ). A hypermedia-based system for browsing Internet sites. It is named the Web because it is made of many sites linked together; users can travel from one site to another by clicking on hyperlinks. Text, graphics, sound, and video can all be accessed with browsers like Mosaic, Netscape, or Internet Explorer.
Which one should I use?
1994 Netscape released Navigator
Navigator controlled 75% of the market
1996 Microsoft came out with Explorer and the wars began
When developing Web pages -- it is very important to check
Your web sites in as many browsers as possible.
Is one better than the other?
Browsers Worth Noting
There is more to the web than Internet Explorer!
Amaya – http://www.w3.org/amaya
Firefox – http://www. mozilla . com/en-US/firefox/
Opera – http://www.opera.com
Safari – Default browser for Mac OS X
Konqueror – Free browser and file manager for Linux
OmniWed – Browser for Mac OS X that costs a small fee
I have added these browsers to our delicious account
Hypertext Markup Language
XHTML is a simple language
Used to create Web pages that appear on World Wide Web
Based on an older language
SGML: Standard Generalized Markup Language
HTML originally designed to define elements in a document independent of how they would appear
XHTML now capable of defining how elements should appear in a browser
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
HTML lacks a proper means of influencing the display of content - It was intended to provide structure.
CSS was introduced in the late 1990’s
CSS describes how HTML documents should be visually presented while leaving the structural markup clean and meaningful.
Benefits of CSS
Style sheets can be applied to any HTML document adding an attractive layer of visual design
Separating content from presentation allows both aspects to become stronger and more adaptable.
An entire Web site can be redesigned by changing a single style sheet
Today’s browsers support CSS!
URL (Uniform Resource Locator)
Internet Address of a resource
The address that allows a web-connected device to locate a specific file on a specific server in order to download and display it to the user.
Yahoo URL – http://www.yahoo.com Protocol Domain Name
First part of the URL
Describes the format of the information accessed from the Internet
http: (links that point to other web pages)
file: (file you want browser to read)
ftp: (download or copy a file to a computer)
mailto: (Start a mail program)
telnet: (login remotely to a specified computer)
URL (Uniform Resource Locator)
Second Part of the URL
Physical location of the file or resource
IP Address – 22.214.171.124
Domain Name – yahoo.com
Domain Name Server (DNS) will translate domain name into the IP address
Domain Name Extensions
.edu - Education
.com - Commercial
.gov - Government
.org – Nonprofit Organization
.net – Usually an ISP
.aero – Air Transport Industry
.biz – Business
.coop – Cooperatives
.info – Unrestricted
.museum – Museums
.name – Personal Applications
.pro – Professionals such as accountants, doctors, and lawyers