Anatomy and physiology
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Like this? Share it with your network

Share

Anatomy and physiology

  • 817 views
Uploaded on

 

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
817
On Slideshare
817
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0

Actions

Shares
Downloads
20
Comments
0
Likes
1

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Anatomy And Physiology AnatomyAnatomy The study of the structure of the various systems of the human body PhysiologyPhysiology The study of the functions of the various systems of the human body
  • 2. CellCell -the basicbasic functional / living unit of our body Many cells of similar function and structure come together to form a tissuetissue Many tissues together form an organorgan Many organs together form a systemsystem Many systems together form a humanhuman bodybody Structural organization of the body
  • 3. NUCLEUS Houses the DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) which stores genetic information for a cell. Production of proteins at the ribosomes (PROTEIN SYNTHESIS) via the mRNA
  • 4. series of connected vesicles and flattened sacs Rough ER : synthesize and export proteins and glycoproteins ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM
  • 5. Golgi complex Sort, chemically alter, and package important molecules
  • 6. Lysosomes Lysosomes serve as the cell's digestive system. Lysosomes contain hydrolytic enzymes that digest unwanted materials inside the cell, including worn-out cell parts.
  • 7. Mitochondria Mitochondria is the powerhouse of the cell. The Mitochondria stores energy by converting carbohydrates and fatty acids into ATP (adenosine tri-phosphate).
  • 8. EPITHELIAL TISSUE Epithelial tissue covers body surfaces and lines body cavities. Three types of epithelium : • Squamous epithelium is flattened cells. • Cuboidal epithelium is cube-shaped cells. • Columnar epithelium consists of elongated cells
  • 9. Connective Tissue Connective tissue serves many purposes in the body: •binding •supporting •protecting •filling space
  • 10. 1. Cells embedded in the matrix 2. Matrix may be • solid (as in bone), • soft (as in loose connective tissue), • liquid (as in blood). 3. Collagen fibres COMPOSITIONCOMPOSITION
  • 11. ADIPOSE TISSUE BLOOD BONE CARTILAGE SKIN AND INTERNAL ORGANS TYPES
  • 12. Muscle Tissue Smooth muscle Cardiac muscle Skeletal muscle Muscle tissue facilitates movement of the animal by contraction of individual muscle cells (referred to as muscle fibers).
  • 13. Nervous Tissue Nervous tissue functions in the integration of stimulus and control of response to that stimulus.