HISTORY – The Original Bloom’s Taxonomy Taxonomy of Cognitive Objectives: Handbook I, The Cognitive Domain 1950s - developed by Benjamin Bloom and fellow university examiners (about 50 people) The name “Bloom’s Taxonomy” came from the senior editor -- being Benjamin Bloom Means of expressing qualitatively different kinds of intellectual skills and abilities Was adapted for classroom use as a planning tool Provides a way to organize thinking skills into six levels, from the most basic to the more complex levels of thinking Was hypothesized to be a cumulative hierarchy; that is, each lower level was believed necessary to move to the next level
Changes were based on 50+ years of history of using original Taxonomy and research on learning conducted by cognitive psychologists There are eight authors of the revised Taxonomy; the two editors were Lorin Anderson and David Krathwohl (who was one of the editors of the original Taxonomy) The names of six major categories were changed from noun to verb forms. The word knowledge was inappropriate to describe a category of thinking and was replaced with the word remember instead. Comprehension and synthesis were retitled to understand and create respectively, in order to better reflect the nature of the thinking defined in each category. Create was moved to the highest, that is, most complex, category The revised Taxonomy is not a cumulative hierachy
There are four types of knowledge.
Explain the knowledge dimensions
Domains of Learning
retrieve relevant knowledge
Can you recall the name of a
5 Blooms Taxonomy
Construct meaning from instructional
messages, including oral, written and graphic
Can you represent verbal information visually (interpreting)?
Carry out oruse a procedure in a
Can you use information in
Breakmaterial into its constituent
parts and determine how the parts
relate to one anotherand to an overall
Can you break information into
parts to explore relationships?
make judgments based on
criteria and standards
Can you make & justify a
decision or course of action?
Put elements togetherto forma coherent
orfunctional whole; reorganize elements
into a new pattern orstructure
Can you generate new products,
ideas, or ways of viewing things?