Introduction to Basic Medical Science Terminology Root Words Prefix-Suffix Organ System Drug Nomenclature
 
Greek and Latin Formula <ul><li>Root Word -Base component which gives it a meaning </li></ul><ul><li>Prefix-modifying comp...
Root Words <ul><li>Ambul/o  walk </li></ul><ul><li>Arter/o  artery </li></ul><ul><li>Arthr/o  joint </li></ul><ul><li>Asth...
Prefixes  Suffixes <ul><li>Ante  before </li></ul><ul><li>Brady  slow </li></ul><ul><li>Hyper  excessive </li></ul><ul><li...
Word Building <ul><li>Sub-lingu </li></ul><ul><ul><li>under-tongue </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gastr-titis </li></ul><ul><ul><l...
Drug Classification <ul><li>Against Classes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Antianginals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anticonvulsant <...
Drug Nomenclature <ul><li>-azepam  benzodiazepine </li></ul><ul><li>-cillin  penicillins </li></ul><ul><li>-conazole  anti...
Misnomer 101 <ul><li>You Knows </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Condoms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>AC/DC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pepcid AC ...
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Medical terminology

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Medical terminology

  1. 1. Introduction to Basic Medical Science Terminology Root Words Prefix-Suffix Organ System Drug Nomenclature
  2. 3. Greek and Latin Formula <ul><li>Root Word -Base component which gives it a meaning </li></ul><ul><li>Prefix-modifying component located before </li></ul><ul><li>Suffix-modifying component located after </li></ul><ul><li>Combining Vowel – a connector </li></ul>Root Word Suffix Prefix Combining Vowel Medical Term
  3. 4. Root Words <ul><li>Ambul/o walk </li></ul><ul><li>Arter/o artery </li></ul><ul><li>Arthr/o joint </li></ul><ul><li>Asthm sob </li></ul><ul><li>Audit/o hear </li></ul><ul><li>Bronch/o windpipe </li></ul><ul><li>Cerebr/o brain </li></ul><ul><li>Coagul/o clot </li></ul><ul><li>Cutane/derm/o skin </li></ul><ul><li>Gastr/o stomach </li></ul><ul><li>Hem/o blood </li></ul><ul><li>Hepat/o liver </li></ul><ul><li>Nephr/o kidney </li></ul><ul><li>Ocul/optic eye </li></ul><ul><li>Osteo/o bone </li></ul><ul><li>Pulm/o lung </li></ul>
  4. 5. Prefixes Suffixes <ul><li>Ante before </li></ul><ul><li>Brady slow </li></ul><ul><li>Hyper excessive </li></ul><ul><li>Hypo deficient </li></ul><ul><li>Mal bad </li></ul><ul><li>Micro small </li></ul><ul><li>Poly many </li></ul><ul><li>Post after </li></ul><ul><li>Tachy rapid </li></ul><ul><li>-algia/algesia pain </li></ul><ul><li>-cide killer </li></ul><ul><li>-emesis vomiting </li></ul><ul><li>-itis inflammation </li></ul><ul><li>-sclerosis hardening </li></ul><ul><li>-stat stop, bacteriostat </li></ul>
  5. 6. Word Building <ul><li>Sub-lingu </li></ul><ul><ul><li>under-tongue </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gastr-titis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stomach-inflammation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tachy-cardia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rapid-heart </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Arthr-algia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Joint-pain </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Drug Classification <ul><li>Against Classes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Antianginals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anticonvulsant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Antidepressants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Antidiarrheals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Antiemetics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Antihypertensives </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other Classes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An-alges-ics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hypo-gluc-mics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hyper-lipid-emia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conta-cep-tives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Psych-o-tropics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sperm-i-cide </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. Drug Nomenclature <ul><li>-azepam benzodiazepine </li></ul><ul><li>-cillin penicillins </li></ul><ul><li>-conazole antifungal </li></ul><ul><li>-olol beta blocker </li></ul><ul><li>-olone steroid anti-inflammatory </li></ul><ul><li>-profen non-steroidal anti-inflam </li></ul><ul><li>-semide loop diuretic </li></ul><ul><li>-statin cholesterol lowering agent </li></ul><ul><li>-triptan migraine agent </li></ul><ul><li>-triptyline tricyclic antidepressant </li></ul>
  8. 9. Misnomer 101 <ul><li>You Knows </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Condoms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>AC/DC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pepcid AC </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Breathers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inhalers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Entenmann’s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enemas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Prickers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lancets </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Republican Lice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public Lice </li></ul></ul>
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