Anatomy

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Anatomy

  1. 1. The Body Systems Basic Anatomy and Physiology
  2. 2. WHY? <ul><li>In order to better understand drugs and their effects on the human body. </li></ul><ul><li>A rudimentary knowledge of its’ workings will help understand how we manipulate the bodies processes to treat, prevent and cure disease. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Human Cell
  4. 4. The Skeleton <ul><li>Bone tissue </li></ul><ul><li>Rigid frame work moved by muscles </li></ul><ul><li>Site for attachment of muscle tissue </li></ul><ul><li>Protects soft organs </li></ul><ul><li>Cartilage firm, semisolid, flexible </li></ul>
  5. 6. Circulation
  6. 7. The Heart
  7. 9. Nervous System
  8. 10. The Neuron <ul><li>Brain, spinal cord & peripheral nerves </li></ul><ul><li>Electrochemical Messengers </li></ul><ul><li>Dendrites communication network </li></ul><ul><li>Sensory (peripheral) </li></ul><ul><li>Motor (muscle, glands, skin) </li></ul><ul><li>Receptors (chemicals, light, sound, touch) </li></ul>
  9. 11. Immune System <ul><li>Lymph nodes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Filtration system </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Antibodies </li></ul><ul><li>Immune system over-reaction </li></ul><ul><li>Immune system failure </li></ul>
  10. 12. Digestive Tract <ul><li>Digestion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mechanical phase </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemical phase </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Acid </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Receptors </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pumps </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Peristalsis </li></ul><ul><li>Esophageal Sphincter </li></ul>
  11. 13. Urinary System <ul><li>Eliminates waste </li></ul><ul><li>Maintains Na+ and H2O balance </li></ul><ul><li>Blood Flow </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Renal failure </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Regulate blood composition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Filtration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reabsorption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secretion </li></ul></ul>
  12. 14. Kidneys
  13. 15. The Nephron
  14. 16. Respiratory System <ul><li>Delivers air to lungs </li></ul><ul><li>Gas Exchange </li></ul><ul><ul><li>O2 diffuses from lungs to blood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CO2 diffuses from blood to lungs </li></ul></ul>

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