The Eye Witnesses


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The Eye Witnesses

  1. 1. The Witnesses Numbers 13: 1-33 Dr Alex Tang
  2. 2.  Member of Parliament for Yorkshire (1784– 1812)  1785 became a Christian  He headed the parliamentary campaign against the British slave trade for twenty- six years until the passage of the Slave Trade Act of 1807William Wilberforce (24 August 1759 – 29 July 1833)
  3. 3. the witnessThomas Clarkson (28 March 1760 – 26 September 1846)
  4. 4. NU 13:1 The LORD said to Moses, 2 "Send some men to explore theland of Canaan, which I am giving to the Israelites. From each ancestraltribe send one of its leaders."
  5. 5. NU 13:3 So at the LORDs command Moses sent them out from the Desert ofParan. All of them were leaders of the Israelites. 4 These are their names:
  6. 6. NU 13:3 from the tribe of Reuben,Shammua son of Zaccur; Shammua (“report [of God]”)NU 13:5 from the tribe of Simeon,Shaphat son of Hori; Shaphat (“he has judged”) NU 13:6 from the tribe of Judah,Caleb son of Jephunneh; Caleb (kālēḇ related to keleḇ, “dog”)NU 13:7 from the tribe of Issachar,Igal son of Joseph; Igal (“he redeems”)NU 13:8 from the tribe of Ephraim,Hoshea son of Nun; Hoshea (“salvation”)NU 13:9 from the tribe of Benjamin,Palti son of Raphu; Palti (“my escape [is God]”)NU 13:10 from the tribe of Zebulun,Gaddiel son of Sodi; Gaddiel (“my fortune is God”)NU 13:11 from the tribe of Manasseh(a tribe of Joseph), Gaddi son of Gaddi (“my fortune [is in God]”)Susi; NU 13:12 from the tribe of Dan,Ammiel son of Gemalli; Ammiel (“God is my kinsman”)NU 13:13 from the tribe of Asher,Sethur son of Michael; Sethur (“sheltered [by God]”)NU 13:14 from the tribe of Naphtali,Nahbi son of Vophsi; Nahbi (“my hiding [is God]”)NU 13:15 from the tribe of Gad,Geuel son of Maki. Geuel (“majesty of God”)
  7. 7. NU 13:16 These are the names of the men Moses sent to explore the land.(Moses gave Hoshea son of Nun the name Joshua.) NU 13:17 When Moses sent them to explore Canaan, he said, "Go upthrough the Negev and on into the hill country. 18 See what the land islike and whether the people who live there are strong or weak, few ormany. 19 What kind of land do they live in? Is it good or bad? What kindof towns do they live in? Are they unwalled or fortified? 20 How is thesoil? Is it fertile or poor? Are there trees on it or not? Do your best tobring back some of the fruit of the land." (It was the season for the firstripe grapes.)
  8. 8. NU 13:21 So they went up andexplored the land from the Desert ofZin as far as Rehob, toward LeboHamath. 22 They went up through theNegev and came to Hebron, whereAhiman, Sheshai and Talmai, thedescendants of Anak, lived. (Hebronhad been built seven years beforeZoan in Egypt.) 23 When they reachedthe Valley of Eshcol, they cut off abranch bearing a single cluster ofgrapes. Two of them carried it on apole between them, along with somepomegranates and figs. 24 That placewas called the Valley of Eshcolbecause of the cluster of grapes theIsraelites cut off there. 25 At the end offorty days they returned from exploringthe land.
  9. 9. NU 13:26 They came back to Moses and Aaron and the wholeIsraelite community at Kadesh in the Desert of Paran. There theyreported to them and to the whole assembly and showed them thefruit of the land. 27 They gave Moses this account: "We went intothe land to which you sent us, and it does flow with milk and honey!Here is its fruit.
  10. 10. 28 But the people who livethere are powerful, and thecities are fortified and verylarge. We even sawdescendants of Anak there.29 The Amalekites live inthe Negev; the Hittites,Jebusites and Amorites livein the hill country; and theCanaanites live near thesea and along the Jordan." NU 13:30 Then Calebsilenced the people beforeMoses and said, "Weshould go up and takepossession of the land, forwe can certainly do it." NU 13:31 But the menwho had gone up with himsaid, "We cant attack thosepeople; they are strongerthan we are."
  11. 11. 32 And they spread among the Israelites a badreport about the land they had explored. They said,"The land we explored devours those living in it. Allthe people we saw there are of great size. 33 Wesaw the Nephilim there (the descendants of Anakcome from the Nephilim). We seemed likegrasshoppers in our own eyes, and we looked thesame to them."
  12. 12. What Numbers 13 is all about What was the witnesses’ mission ( I spy with my little eye)? What did the witnesses saw? What were the witnesses’ interpretation? What did the witnesses forget?
  13. 13. What did the witnesses forget? Mission (v.17- Report (v.26- Interpretation God with them 20) 33) (v.31-33)Land (v. 19) good or (v.27) land (v.32b) land we God has already bad? flowing with explored given them the milk and honey devours those land living in itSoil (v.20) fertile or (v.23) cluster of poor? Trees on grapes need it? Fruit of the two person to land carryPeople (v.18) strong or (v.28) powerful, (v.33) we God will give weak? Few or descendent of seemed like them victory as many? Anak grasshoppers in He has given our own eyes, them in the and we looked past the same to them
  14. 14. We seemed like grasshoppers inour own eyes, and we looked thesame to them (Num.13:33)
  15. 15. Lessons from Numbers 13 God has already revealed they are God’s special people by their names (they are not grasshoppers) God have already given them the land God has shown that He is able to overcome their enemies
  16. 16. fromwitness towitness
  17. 17. WitnessActs 1:8 But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; andyou will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and tothe ends of the earth."
  18. 18. “report [of God]”“he has judged”“dog”“he redeems”“salvation”“my escape [isGod]”“my fortune isGod”“my fortune [is inGod]”“God is mykinsman”“sheltered [byGod]”“my hiding [isGod]”“majesty of God”
  19. 19. Witness Land People
  20. 20. Witness Land (Rev. 21:1-3)REV 21:1 Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven andthe first earth had passed away, and there was no longer any sea. 2 I saw theHoly City, the new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God,prepared as a bride beautifully dressed for her husband. 3 And I heard a loudvoice from the throne saying, "Now the dwelling of God is with men, and hewill live with them. They will be his people, and God himself will be with themand be their God.
  21. 21. Witness People (Ezek. 37:1-14)
  22. 22. Witness People (Ezek. 37:1-14)EZE 37:11 Then he said to me: "Son of man, these bones are the whole houseof Israel. They say, `Our bones are dried up and our hope is gone; we are cutoff. 12 Therefore prophesy and say to them: `This is what the Sovereign LORDsays: O my people, I am going to open your graves and bring you up fromthem; I will bring you back to the land of Israel. 13 Then you, my people, willknow that I am the LORD, when I open your graves and bring you up fromthem. 14 I will put my Spirit in you and you will live, and I will settle you in yourown land. Then you will know that I the LORD have spoken, and I have done it,declares the LORD. "
  23. 23. What prevents usfrom becoming Witness ?effective Ridicule Humiliation Rejection Abuse Civil law Our own inadequacies Lack of evangelism training
  24. 24. What prevents usfrom becoming Witness ?effective Ridicule Humiliation Rejection Abuse Civil law Our own inadequacies Lack of evangelism trainingFear (Num. 13:33) due to not seeingwith the eyes of faith
  25. 25. Witness Be a friend Tell them about your life Pray for them Leave it to God
  26. 26. WitnessWe are God’s witnesses. The world will mostly know God thoughwhat we reveal to them through our lives as His witnesses. To beeffective witnesses, we need to see through the eyes of faith.
  27. 27. Sermon transcript download (pdf) audio