Science and Christianity


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A talk about the different perspective of science and Christianity with specific example of the creation of the universe

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Science and Christianity

  1. 1. Science and Christianity Dr Alex Tang
  2. 2. Understanding Reality A. Religious Reality B. Scientific Reality
  3. 3. A.Religious Reality
  4. 4. Christianity argues from aGod who reveals• Specific revelation – the Bible which was written by bronze age, pre-scientific, authors in a tribal-based society who were inspired by God to write accurate text• General revelation – which is God’s creation and also the inherent ethics in human nature
  5. 5. Specific Revelation - Biblethe bible is written in many genre. The bible must be read according to the genre • Epic: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy • Historical narrative: Joshua, Judges, Ruth, 1 and 2 Samuel, 1 and 2 Kings, 1 and 2 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther, Jonah, and possibly Acts • Law: the last half of Exodus; also Leviticus, Deuteronomy • Wisdom: Job, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes • Poetic: Psalms, Song of Solomon, Lamentations • Prophecy: Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Daniel, Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi • Apocalyptic: Daniel, Revelation • Gospel: Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, and possibly Acts • Epistle (letter): Romans, 1 and 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, 1 and 2 Thessalonians, 1 and 2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon, Hebrews, James, 1 and 2 Peter, 1, 2, and 3 John, Jude The text must be understood by the context of the genre
  6. 6. B. Scientific Reality
  7. 7. The scientific method• Collecting data about a phenomenon (measurable)• Postulating a possible tentative opinion about how a part of it works• Testing the opinion to see if it is accurate• Rejecting it if it is not accurate• Recycling the entire process if the opinion seems to be accurate.• Publishing the results in peer-reviewed journals so that other scientists can attempt to replicate the findings
  8. 8. Scientific data• Speculation• Extrapolation• ‘Reproducible’• Part of a general theory
  9. 9. Creation
  10. 10. Genesis recordGenesis 1:1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. 2 Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the waters.• Day One: light, night and day (Gen 1: 3-5)• Day Two: separation of water, sky above (Gen 1: 6-8)• Day Three: land and seas, plants on land (Gen 1: 9-13)• Day Four: sun, moon, stars (Gen 1: 14-19)• Day Five: fish and birds (Gen 1: 20-23)• Day Six: animals and man (Gen 1: 24-31)• Day Seven: God rested (Gen 2:1-2)
  11. 11. CreationismAll creation in 6 days (24 hours period)
  12. 12. Origin of the Universe-scientific data • the universe began in a Big Bang expansion 15 billion years ago • Three hundred thousand years after the Big Bang, matter and radiation separate and cosmic background radiation first appears • Five billion years after the Big Bang, the Milky Way galaxy evolves • Ten billion years after the Big Bang, the Solar System forms
  13. 13. Habitable earth• Earth was formed about 4.59 billion years ago• 4.25 billion years ago, a body about the size of Mars collided with the earth• Fossil records
  14. 14. The Theory of Evolution• Darwinism support the thesis ‘the survival of the fittest’• Neo-Darwinism describes evolution of life from the formation of amino acids in the primeval sea of early earth to the great varieties of flora and fauna that exist on earth today
  15. 15. Problems with the Theory of Evolution • intermediate species should be present in the fossil records as one species evolves into another • no intermediate species or ‘missing-links’ in all the fossil records has been found • unable duplicate the origin of life • no new species has been discovered • the mechanism of evolution. It is often assume that mutation at the genetic level is what causes the changes in a species - mutations are often detrimental to the organisms and they do not survived
  16. 16. How did the eye evolve?
  17. 17. What about man? Paleoanthropologists are frustrated by the existence of two extensive gaps in the fossil records.
  18. 18. What about man?• The first gap, know as the hominoid gap extends from 32 to 22 million years ago. This gap is when evolutionist suspected the ancestors of apes and ‘humans’ are splitting off from monkeys.• The second gap, known as the hominid gap extends from 14 to 4.5 million years ago. It is the time where ancestors of the australopithecine and ‘human’ groups are alleged to split from the ancestors of the African apes, especially the chimpanzees
  19. 19. Creationism versus Evolution
  20. 20. Progressive Creationism• the word yôm, day does not only mean a 24 hours period. It can also be used to mean an indefinite or a long period of time• if each day is a long period of time, geological layering, the fossil record and the evidence for an old earth can fit easily into this approach
  21. 21. Progressive Creationism• The seventh day did not conclude with the formula ‘there was evening and there was morning’ indicating that it is still continuing. If the seventh days can extend over thousands/millions of years, there is no reason why the previous six days could not cover millions of years.• Progressive Creationism believe that God is actively involved in the creation process, allowing slow progress with mass extinction and rapid advances
  22. 22.
  23. 23. Is there a conflict between Science and Christianity?
  24. 24. Science is tryingto explain whatGod has alreadycreated
  25. 25. We only just began tounderstand God’s creation• Human consciousness• Human soul• Higgs boson particles make up an invisible force throughout the universe called a Higgs field. Without it, the universe as we know it could not exist• dark matter — which makes up 22 percent of the universe — and dark energy• string theory, which includes the possibility that of an 11-dimensional multiverses
  26. 26. Transcript of the talk is available
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