Depression and the Christian Life

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Depression is a common affliction, even amongst Christians

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Depression and the Christian Life

  1. 1. Depression and the Christian
  2. 3. Vincent Van Gogh
  3. 4. Examples of Depression in the Bible <ul><li>Elijah </li></ul>
  4. 5. The prophet Elijah <ul><li>Duel with 450 Baal prophets (1 King 18: 20-39) </li></ul>&quot;The LORD--he is God! The LORD--he is God!&quot;
  5. 6. The prophet Elijah <ul><li>Duel with 450 Baal prophets (1 King 18: 20-39) </li></ul><ul><li>The prediction of rain (1 King 18: 41-45) </li></ul>“ the sky grew black with clouds, the wind rose, a heavy rain came”
  6. 7. The prophet Elijah <ul><li>Duel with 450 Baal prophets (1 King 18: 20-39) </li></ul><ul><li>The prediction of rain (1 King 18: 41-45) </li></ul><ul><li>Elijah’s depression (1 King 19: 3-4) </li></ul>&quot;Take my life; I am no better than my ancestors.&quot;
  7. 8. The prophet Elijah <ul><li>Duel with 450 Baal prophets (1 King 18: 20-39) </li></ul><ul><li>The prediction of rain (1 King 18: 41-45) </li></ul><ul><li>Elijah’s depression (1 King 19: 3-4) </li></ul><ul><li>God’s response (1 King 19: 5-8, 9-18) </li></ul>
  8. 9. God’s response <ul><li>The angel of God (1 King 19: 5-8) </li></ul>The angel of the LORD came
  9. 10. God’s response <ul><li>The angel of God (1 King 19: 5-8) </li></ul><ul><li>God’s presence (1 King 19: 9-18) </li></ul>I am here and you are not alone.
  10. 11. Examples of Depression in the Bible <ul><li>Elijah </li></ul><ul><li>Jonah </li></ul>
  11. 12. The prophet Jonah <ul><li>God’s instructions (Jonah 3:4-10) </li></ul><ul><li>Jonah’s depression (Jonah 4: 3, 8c) </li></ul><ul><li>God’s response ( Jonah 4: 10-11) </li></ul>
  12. 13. Depression of Elijah and Jonah <ul><li>Comes after great service for God </li></ul><ul><li>Even prophets get depressed </li></ul><ul><li>God helps </li></ul><ul><li>Depression improves in response to God </li></ul>
  13. 14. What is depression?
  14. 15. Types of depression <ul><li>Reactive depression </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Temporary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disappear with distractions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not interfere with daily life </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. Types of depression <ul><li>Reactive depression </li></ul><ul><li>Major depression </li></ul>
  16. 17. Major depression <ul><li>Major depression is diagnosed when an adult exhibits one or both of two core symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>depressed mood </li></ul><ul><li>lack of interest </li></ul><ul><li>along with four or more of the following symptoms, for at least two weeks: </li></ul><ul><li>feelings of worthlessness or inappropriate guilt </li></ul><ul><li>diminished ability to concentrate or make decisions </li></ul><ul><li>fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>psychomotor agitation (cannot sit still) or retardation (just sitting around); </li></ul><ul><li>insomnia or hypersomnia (sleeping too much) </li></ul><ul><li>significant decrease or increase in weight or appetite </li></ul><ul><li>recurrent thoughts of death or suicidal ideation. </li></ul>
  17. 19. Can Christians suffer from depression?
  18. 20. Christians and Depression <ul><li>“Jesus saves” </li></ul><ul><li>Happiness and Joy </li></ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Martin Luther </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Charles Spurgeon </li></ul></ul>
  19. 21. Causes of depression <ul><li>Personal factor </li></ul>Victor Frankl , Man’s Searching for Meaning – noogenic neurosis
  20. 22. Causes of depression <ul><li>Personal factor </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological factors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Unresolved conflicts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Life events </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personality </li></ul></ul>
  21. 23. Causes of depression <ul><li>Personal factor </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological factors </li></ul><ul><li>Biological factors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Neurotransmitter-serotonin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chronic diseases </li></ul></ul>
  22. 24. Causes of depression <ul><li>Personal factor </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological factors </li></ul><ul><li>Biological factors </li></ul><ul><li>Spiritual warfare </li></ul><ul><ul><li>demonisation </li></ul></ul>
  23. 25. How can the Church help? <ul><li>Rest </li></ul>
  24. 26. How can the Church help? <ul><li>Rest </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Choice </li></ul>
  25. 27. Personal Choice <ul><li>Misbelief #1: I’m no good </li></ul><ul><li>Misbelief #2: My daily life is no good </li></ul><ul><li>Misbelief #3: My future is hopeless </li></ul>
  26. 28. Personal Choice <ul><li>Truth #1: “You are a creature of infinite worth and value” </li></ul>
  27. 29. Personal Choice <ul><li>Truth #2: “Even a depressed person can find meaning and reinforcement in activity.” </li></ul>
  28. 30. Personal Choice <ul><li>Truth #3 : “God’s Word says that the future is not hopeless.” </li></ul>
  29. 31. How can the Church help? <ul><li>Rest </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Choice </li></ul><ul><li>Talk to a friend </li></ul>
  30. 32. How can the Church help? <ul><li>Rest </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Choice </li></ul><ul><li>Talk to a friend </li></ul><ul><li>Group Support </li></ul>John Ortberg’s HELP ministries Hope, Encouragement, Love, Prayer
  31. 33. How can the Church help? <ul><li>Rest </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Choice </li></ul><ul><li>Talk to a friend </li></ul><ul><li>Group Support </li></ul><ul><li>Discernment and prayer </li></ul>
  32. 34. How can the Church help? <ul><li>Rest </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Choice </li></ul><ul><li>Talk to a friend </li></ul><ul><li>Group Support </li></ul><ul><li>Discernment and prayer </li></ul><ul><li>Counseling </li></ul>
  33. 35. How can the Church help? <ul><li>Rest </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Choice </li></ul><ul><li>Talk to a friend </li></ul><ul><li>Group Support </li></ul><ul><li>Discernment and prayer </li></ul><ul><li>Counseling </li></ul><ul><li>Medication </li></ul>
  34. 36. Conclusion Soli Deo Gloria

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