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One of the most acceptable scenarios of the end of the universe is the Big Crunch, which states that the universe will recede back to where it began. The Holy Quran states the same fact and the same way
It became scientifically accepted that the universe has begun when a huge explosion(the Big Bang) took place, and a huge cloud of smoke was formed ,from which the galaxies were created. It has been proven that universe has been expanding because of this explosion.
The universe will not be able to keep expanding for ever because of the gravity between its components. This gravity will slow down the expansion of the universe. In order for the expansion to be stopped, there must be enough matter in the universe. The matter in the observable universe can’t stop the expansion of the universe. Scientists noticed that there is a huge mass lost in the structure of the universe. Scientists discovered what is called the dark matter that fills the whole of the universe and surrounds the galaxies.
However recent observations indicate billions of dwelling stars in between the Galaxies, much more stars than expected, actually we still have no idea of the total quantity of matter in the Universe. Also known is that Galaxies do contain large quantities of invisible matter (black holes). Nobody knows the nature of this dark matter, but possibly 90 to 99 percent of all matter is of this kind.
The dark matter will slow the expansion of the universe till it halts then it will recede back. . It is there! It is there! It is simply not visible. (Lorna Simmons , Printed in Reflections ). Although it cannot be seen, there is solid evidence that more than 90% of the total mass in the universe is composed of Dark Matter. The Big Crunch. The vertical axis can be considered as either plus or minus time.
The mass of the universe, after the discovery of the dark matter in the black hole and the dwelling stars, will stop the expansion of the universe and then make it recede back. It is scientifically known that the velocity of the universe expansion has decreased a great deal. It is also scientifically known that the heat of the universe has decreased from some billions degree to a very few degrees. ( Dr.ZagloulAl-Nagar) The distribution of dark matter in a cluster of galaxies. Image: Max-Planck Institute for Astrophysics
The universe will not be expanding forever. the expansion of the universe will slow down till it stops. the universe will recede back to its birth place or shrink. All galaxies will come close and close to one another till they form one mass, superdense and very hot where no physical laws can explain. The universe will be rolled like scroll on which all the galaxies are located. The rolling will be like rolling up a sheet of paper. Another bang will take place because of the dense and heat.
God says in the Holy Quran what means “The Day We roll up the heavens with the same parallel of a scroll rolling up books; as We produced the first creation We repeat it, a promise We have undertaken, verily We shall fulfill it" (21: 104). This is how astrophysics imagine the way the universe will shrink, exactly as the Holy Quran depicts
Reading this Holy verse, we will notice that; (1) The verse is talking about how the universe will end. The Quranic words “Rolling up the heaven” refers to the scientific words” The shrinking of the universe” ”… with the same parallel of a scroll rolling up books” refers to the way the universe will be rolled up, it even refers to the state when the universe will be when it is rolled up. So Quran and science are compatible about: There will be an end to the universe this end will be through contracting the universe.
Like the scroll on which words are written , the universe will be like. When this scroll folded all words come closer and closer, reference to amalgamate of the galaxies when the universe will shrink
The Quran, and Modern Science: 'A totally objective examination of it [the Quran] in the light of modern knowledge, leads us to recognize the agreement between the two, as has been already noted on repeated occasions. It makes us deem it quite unthinkable for a man of Muhammad's time to have been the author of such statements, on account of the state of knowledge in his day. Such considerations are part of what gives the Quranic Revelation its unique place, and forces the impartial scientist to admit his inability to provide an explanation which calls solely upon materialistic reasoning.'
Atheism is no longer supported doctrine after its basics had been undermined by the " Big Bang"- a fact that implies that the universe has a beginning and hence a Creator. The Holy Quran provides scientific evidence in the age of science; the scientific statements in the Holy Quran is a fulfillment of a Quranic prophecy that God will show his signs and miracles in the universe. God says what means" We(God) will show them our portents in the horizons and in themselves." The scientific miracles in the Holy Quran and in the words of the prophet are numerous and as variables as scientific branches. The Holy Quran, God's last word to humanity, not only contains precepts , concepts about God, solution to man's problems, laws, news about the perished nations, highly elevated philosophy , matchless concepts of ethics, all coupled with ecstasy that moves one's heart but also it always renders the evidence to the existence of God and evidence to its divine source according to the culture of every age and every man.
Still we have some question before you close this presentation Mohammed was illiterate who could not read nor could he write. How could an illiterate like Mohammed in the time where the best knowledge was mostly superstition in the desert could produce such scientific statement that are completely compatible with science unless he was a prophet?
Why did he indulge himself in such very sensitive scientific question that people at his time didn't understand and was completely out the scope of their minds? Why didn't he follow the culture of his time at least to avoid any scientific confrontation with them? If he had been an imposter how could he have said" we will show them out signs in the horizons and in themselves? Did he know that people will conquer the universe and did he know that they will know much about anatomy? He must have been a prophet, who received his revelation from God. He is a prophet.