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Biological Hazards in the Workplace
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Biological Hazards in the Workplace



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  • What are Biological Hazards?How do they impact your workers?Where are they found in the workplace?What Industries are commonly exposed to Biological Hazards in the Workplace?What are some general controls associated with Biological Hazards in the Workplace?
  • Bi-Product- referring to an matter that is produced as result of an action and/or effect.Organisms- term of composed of mutually interdepend parts that maintain various vital processes./Bacteria one celled organisms that are typically spherical, spiral or rod shaped appear singly or in chains grouped together. Various species that will fermentation, putrefaction, infectious diseases, Nitrogen Fixation (skin cells)Virus-infectious agent that only replicates within a living cell host mainly bacteria, plants and animals.Fungi- group or single cell organisms that live by decomposing and absorbing organic material. As a result can grow mushrooms, mold, mildew, smut, rusts, and yeast
  • e.Coli- gastrointestinal discomfortTB infectious disease that attacks the lungs is common and lethal- lungs
  • (H)= Humans(D)= DaysHire two extra people just to cover sick days.


  • 1. For audio, it is recommended you dial in A copy of the slides + recording will be available post webinar AUDIO: 1-877-668-4493 Access Code: 669 340 243 Event Password: 1234 WebEx Support: 1-866-863-3910 Biological Hazards in the Workplace March 12, 2013Presented by: Kathleen Collins, Health & Safety Manager Drake International
  • 2. Agenda• Biological Hazards• Impact our workers?• Found in the workplace?• Industrial Exposed to Biological Hazards• General Controls for Biological Hazards
  • 3. Biological HazardsWhat are Biological Hazards?• Bi-products from plants & animals• Organisms or products of organisms• Bacteria• Viruses• Fungi
  • 4. What are Biological HazardsBacteria• Acne• Cellulitis• Pneumonia• Staph Infections• Escherichia Coil (E.Coli)• Mycobacterium Tuberculosis (TB)
  • 5. Biological HazardsViruses• Common cold• Influenza• Measles• SARS• Hantavirus• Rabies
  • 6. Biological HazardsFungi• Tetanus• Dermatophytes (e.g. athletes foot & ring worm)• Mold• Rust• Mildew• Smut• Yeast• Mushrooms
  • 7. Biological HazardsEnvironmental Concerns• Insect stings/bites• Bites• Allergic reactions• Poisonous plants/animals
  • 8. Impact to Workers Biological Hazards can be easily spread in the workplace.Source Illness or DisorderPeople Colds, flus, pink eye, cold sores, hair lice, hepatitis, meningitis.Animals Flea bits, rabies, hantavirus, pinwormsInsects West Nile Virus, Allergies (stings), Lyme Disease (Ticks)Plants Food or Pollen allergies, poisonous plants, berries, seedsUnclean Water Giardiasis, infections from e coli, or salmonella bacteria& Food
  • 9. Impact to WorkersRoute of Entry Route of Entry Activity Inhalation Breathing Absorption Eye, mucus, skin Ingestion Hands, food, cigarettes Injection Puncture to the skin
  • 10. Impact to Workers• Outbreaks• Pandemic• Deaths• Illness• Sickness
  • 11. Impact to WorkersCost Action Factors Workforce 50 (H) Average Salary $38 000 Sick Days allowed 10 (D) Lost Time Cost 41583.33 Workforce used all sick days $79166.50 11
  • 12. Impact to WorkersExamples• XL Meats: 20 dead and dozens ill• Walkerton Water: 10 dead and dozens ill• Swine Flu: Thousands die in the Americas and thousands ill• SARS: 44 deaths and 250 ill
  • 13. Impact to Workers• Workers can become ill/injured• Non-workers can become ill/injured• Contaminated Environments can cause illness/injury• Burden on health care• Quarantines
  • 14. Biological Hazards Commonly Found in the Workplace• Sharing equipment, clothing, supplies• Hand contact from contaminated surfaces• Blood and body fluids• Food and waste handling• Human handling• Bug bites• Plant and food allergies/poison• Animal handling and/or bites
  • 15. Industries & Biological HazardsIndustries that impacted on a daily basis by BiologicalHazards:• Health Care & Social Workers• Child Care & Teachers• Animal Care & Farm Workers• Food Services & Food Processing• Cleaners & Caretakers• Environmental, Water, & Waste Operators• Hairdressers & Spa Workers• Arborists & Horticulture Workers
  • 16. Protecting your Workforce Biological Hazards can be found in any workplace.Some controls to consider to protect your workers:• Engineering• Administration• PPE (Personal Protective Equipment)
  • 17. Protecting your WorkforceEngineering Controls• Ventilation (HVAC)• Isolation or quarantine areas• Automated bathrooms• Self-sheathing needles/needleless system
  • 18. Protecting your WorkforceAdministration Controls:• Schedules• Polices, Procedures, Programs, and Best Practices• Medical Monitoring• Vaccinations• Emergency Preparedness• Training
  • 19. Protecting your WorkforcePPE• Hand Cleaners• Gloves• Clothing• Goggles• Boots
  • 20. QuestionsBiological Q&A Hazards with Kathleen Collins, Drake International 20
  • 21. Free Offer• We’re offering a free 30-minute Health & Safety Consultation that can include:  Hazards analysis of your workplace  Development of policies, procedures, and controls to limit exposure  Training on Health & Safety best practicesContact Kathleen to take advantage of this exclusive offer!kcollins@na.drakeintl.com416.216.1088 21
  • 22. Upcoming WebinarsRegister at http://drake-webinars.comMarch 13, 12pm EST10 Essentials to Managing the Employment RelationshipPresented by: Matthew Vella – Vella Labour LawApril 10, 12pm ESTDeath of an Employment RelationshipPresented by: Matthew Vella – Vella Labour Law 22
  • 23. Thank You for AttendingFor questions, please contact Maysa Hawwash mhawwash@na.drakeintl.com 416.216.1067 23