Voice of the verb

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  • 1. “Voice” is linked to the verb because it is considered one of the features that define it, together with “tense”, “person”, “aspect” or “mood”.
  • 2. tensemood VERB person voice
  • 3. KINDS OF VOICEACTIVE PASSIVE
  • 4. Active Voice• It is the most common, unmarkedvoice. Subject Verb Object Active > Voice The choir sings love songs.
  • 5. Passive Voice• Passive verb phrases are less common and used for special discourse functions. Subject Verb ObjectPassive > Voice Love are sung by the choir. songs
  • 6. Compare…The choir sings love songs.Love songs are sung by thechoir.
  • 7. Normal Passives follow the three general steps to form passive sentences: •PASSIVE SUBJECT OBJECT VERB •BE+PARTICIPLE •AGENTSUBJECT COMPLEMENT
  • 8. Object --- Passive SubjectTo transform an active sentence into a passive one, it is commonly believed that the main verb in active should be transitive, i.e., there should be a Direct Object in the sentence. However, the English language proves that a passive sentence can also be created from the Indirect Object in the active sentence.Therefore, this leads us to say that to form a passive sentence we need to have an Object in the active counterpart.
  • 9. Verb --- Be + Participle • ACTIVE • PASSIVE teach / teaches Am/is/are taught Is teaching Is being taught Taught Was/were taught Was teaching Was were being taughtHave / has taught Have/has been taught Had taught Had been taught Will teach Will be taught To teach To be taught
  • 10. Subject --- Agent Complement• When is the agent complement not necessary? when the active subject is an indefinite pronoun or a generic noun. (i.e., some-, any-, no-& “people”) This is called the impersonal passive.
  • 11. PRACTICEEXERCISES
  • 12. Construct active andpassive sentences for the following:
  • 13. Thank You!