Breathing, which isprimarily concerned with maintaining life, is secondarily a forceassisting in vocalization.It consists of two phases --- inhalation and exhalation.
LUNGS• Serve as the reservoir of air• As you inhale, fill the lungs comfortably in preparation for speaking.
Diaphragm• A large sheet of muscle separating the chest cavity from the abdomen• Forms the floor of the chest and the roof of the abdomen• Gives pressure to the breath stream
BREATHING EXERCISE:• 1. Sit up straight. Exhale.• 2. Inhale and, at the same time, relax the belly muscles. Feel as though the belly is filling with air.• 3. After filling the belly, keep inhaling. Fill up the middle of your chest. Feel your chest and rib cage expand.• 4. Hold the breath in for a moment, then begin to exhale as slowly as possible.• 5. As the air is slowly let out, relax your chest and rib cage. Begin to pull your belly in to force out the remaining breath.• 6. Close your eyes, and concentrate on your breathing.• 7. Relax your face and mind.• 8. Let everything go.• 9. Practice about 5 minutes.
Phonation takes place whenvoice is produced in speaking as the expiratory air stream from the lungs goes up through the trachea or windpipe to the larynx.
Larynx• Principal organ of phonation• Found at the top of the trachea• Protuberance is known as the “Adam’s apple”
Vocal Cords• A pair of bundles of muscles and cartilages• Open and close at various degrees
Trachea• Also known as windpipe• Passageway of air going up from the lungs
PHONATION EXERCISE• Think about blowing out birthday candles.• Begin to blow and then turn the breath into an "ooo" sound on a comfortable pitch. Feel the tone begin in the breathing muscles.• Repeat
The voice produced in phonation is weak. It becomes strong and rich only when amplified and modified by the human resonators. Resonation isthe process of voice amplification and modification.
Pharynx• Common passageway for air and food• Located behind the nose and mouth and includes the cavity at the back of the tongue• Divisions of the pharynx: – Nasal pharynx – Oral pharynx – Laryngeal pharynx
Nose• Consists of the external and internal portions• Nostrils – openings of the external nose• Nasal cavity – internal nose; directly behind the external nose through which the air passes on its way to the pharynx• Septum – divides the external and internal nose into two separate passageways
Mouth• Divided into the vestibule and the oral cavity proper• Vestibule – felt by placing the tongue tip outside the teeth but inside the lips• Oral cavity – felt by retracting the tongue, closing the jaws and moving the tongue about
rESONATORS: Upper part of the larynx Oral pharynx cavity Nasal cavity
RESONATION EXERCISE: Pronounce the letters according to its size. (biggest letters mean loudest sounds)a a e e o uo b i i m nu m m b p pb p t l n oa k h h b v
RESONATION EXERCISE: Read the black syllables softest and the red syllables loudest.Pa pa pa pa pa pa pa pa paMa ma ma ma ma ma ma ma maLa la la la la la la la laTa ta ta ta ta ta ta ta taBa ba ba ba ba ba ba ba baFa fa fa fa fa fa fa fa faVa va va va va va va va va