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Sentence patterns
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Sentence patterns

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  • 1. SentencePatterns English Plus(Basic Grammar)
  • 2. ELEMENTS OF A SENTENCE• Subject – doer of the action/ topic of the sentence• Predicate – states something about the subject• Direct Object – receives the action done by the subject• Indirect Object - precedes the direct object and tells to whom or for whom the action of the verb is done and who is receiving the direct object
  • 3. BasicSentencePatterns
  • 4. Subject – Intransitive VerbMaria cooperated voluntarily. S IV
  • 5. What is an intransitive verb? •An intransitive verb is a verb without a direct object.
  • 6. Examples of S-IV sentences I wrote legibly. Michael and Gabriel woke and yawned. He prays everyday. Students should study every night. She reads silently.
  • 7. Subject-Transitive Verb-Direct ObjectThe students helped the barangay. S TV DO
  • 8. What is a transitive verb?• A transitive verb is a verb that requires both a subject and a direct object.
  • 9. Examples of s-tv-do sentences Someone ate my sandwich. Mikko reads the dictionary for pleasure. The campers fear the bears.The board showed their approval. I played the piano.
  • 10. Subject – Linking Verb – Subject ComplementTeachers are our second parents. S LV PN
  • 11. What is a PN? • A predicate nominative or a predicate noun completes a linking verb and renames the subject.
  • 12. Examples of s-LV-PN sentences Anne is the boss. Whales and sharks are mammals. The girl should be the captain. My mother is a teacher.Philippines is the “Pearl of the Orient Seas.”
  • 13. Subject – Linking Verb – Subject Complement Her pies are very sweet. S LV PA
  • 14. What is a P.A.?• A predicate adjective follows a linking verb and describes the subject.
  • 15. Examples of s-lv-pa sentencesHis behavior has been outrageous. Niña is so beautiful. That garbage on the street smells bad. He is dead.The man was very accommodating.
  • 16. Subject-Transitive Verb-Direct Object- Object Complement He called the cashier beautiful. S TV DO OC
  • 17. What is an O.C.? • An object complement is a noun, pronoun, or adjective which follows a direct object and renames it or tells what the direct object has become.
  • 18. Examples of S-TV-DO-OC sentences The class elected Nadine president. Cathy cut her hair short. The child made her mother happy. Many people find martial arts challenging.Some pet owners consider their dogs their children.
  • 19. Subject-Transitive Verb-Indirect Object-Direct ObjectLiza gave the children gifts.S TV IO DO
  • 20. Examples of S-TV-io-do sentences Mom will paint Gabriel a picture.He will give Mrs. Perez the message. Yvann surprised his sister with a reward. I teach the students English. Pearl sent Tom a book.