Research (kinds, characteristics and purposes)

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discusses meaning of research, kinds, purposes and characteristics

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Research (kinds, characteristics and purposes)

  1. 1. WHY DO WE ASK QUESTIONS?<br />
  2. 2.
  3. 3.
  4. 4. RESEARCH<br />
  5. 5.
  6. 6. Definitions of Research<br />
  7. 7. It is searching for a theory, for testing theory, or for solving a problem.<br />
  8. 8. It is to search again, to take another more careful look, to find out more (Selltiz, et.al., 1976).<br />
  9. 9. It is a systematic quest for undiscovered truth (Leedy, 1974).<br />
  10. 10. It is a systematic attempt to provide answers to questions (Tuckman, 1972).<br />
  11. 11. Purpose of Research<br />
  12. 12. For the quality of life to progress<br />
  13. 13. To provide solutions to problems<br />
  14. 14. For scientific and technological advancement of the new millennium<br />
  15. 15. Characteristics of Research<br />
  16. 16. Research is logical and objective.<br />
  17. 17.
  18. 18. Research is expert, systematic and accurate investigation.<br />
  19. 19.
  20. 20. Research gathers new knowledge and data from primary and secondary sources.<br />
  21. 21.
  22. 22. Research endeavors to organize data in quantitative (measurable) terms if possible and to express these data in numerical measures.<br />
  23. 23.
  24. 24. Researchers require courage.<br />
  25. 25.
  26. 26. Research is carefully recorded and reported.<br />
  27. 27.
  28. 28. Products of Research<br />
  29. 29.
  30. 30. Basic necessities<br />
  31. 31. Technological gadgets<br />
  32. 32. Appliances<br />
  33. 33. Infrastructures<br />
  34. 34. Transportation<br />
  35. 35. Communication<br />
  36. 36.
  37. 37.
  38. 38. Rationalistic Inquiries<br /><ul><li>Begin with an existing theory
  39. 39. Formal instruments are used
  40. 40. Findings are generalized
  41. 41. Problem is converted into dependent and independent variables after which the researcher develops strategies and instruments to control relationships between and among naturally occurring variables.</li></li></ul><li>Naturalistic Inquiries<br /><ul><li>State that we must understand the framework within which the subjects under study interpret their environment to be able to understand human behavior
  42. 42. The individual’s thoughts, values, perceptions and actions are studied.</li></li></ul><li>Based on purpose<br />
  43. 43. Basic Research<br /><ul><li>Directed towards developing new or fuller scientific knowledge or understanding of the subject rather than its practical application
  44. 44. Researcher’s intellect is triggered and social implications of existing social problems are uncovered.</li></li></ul><li>Applied Research<br /><ul><li>Also known as action research
  45. 45. Directed towards the practical application of knowledge
  46. 46. Theory may be supported, modified or revised.
  47. 47. New theory may even be provided.
  48. 48. Covers mostly social science areas
  49. 49. Entails large-scale studies with subsequent problems on data collection</li></li></ul><li>Developmental Research<br /><ul><li>Refers to the systematic work drawing on existing knowledge gained from research and/or practical experience that is directed to producing new materials, products and devices; to installing new processes, systems and services; and to improving substantially those already produced or installed
  50. 50. Often used in engineering and technology areas</li></li></ul><li>
  51. 51. Historical Research<br /><ul><li>Critical investigation of events, developments and experiences of the past, the careful weighing of evidence of the validity of sources of information on the past and the interpretation of the weighed evidence (Kellinger, 1972)
  52. 52. Data are gathered through the collection of original documents or interviewing eye witnesses.</li></li></ul><li>Descriptive Research<br /><ul><li>Describes the population’s characteristics
  53. 53. A study where the major emphasis is on the discovery of ideas and insights (Selltiz, et.al., 1979)</li></li></ul><li>Correlational Research<br /><ul><li>Involves the collection of two or more sets of data from a group of subjects with the attempt to determine the subsequent relationship between those sets of data (Tuckman, 1972)</li></li></ul><li>Ex Post Facto Research<br /><ul><li>A systematic empirical inquiry in which the researcher does not have direct control of the independent variables</li></li></ul><li>Evaluation Research<br /><ul><li>Judges the value, worth or merit of an existing program
  54. 54. Formative and summative evaluation are applied in training programs, textbooks, manuals or curricula.</li></li></ul><li>Experimental Research<br /><ul><li>A study conducted in the laboratory
  55. 55. Involves two groups:
  56. 56. Experimental group
  57. 57. Control group</li></li></ul><li>

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