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  1. 1. A Glimpse of Philippine Mythology
  2. 2. •The deities of Philippine mythology arethe gods, goddessesand diwatas worshipped by ancientFilipinos before the Christianization ofthe natives after the Spanish conquest ofthe Philippines.While not as widely known asits European and Asian counterparts, they have similar elements andcharacteristics when compared to othermythologies.
  3. 3. AncientTagalog Deities
  4. 4. • The supreme god of the Tagalogs; creator of man and Bathala earth and addressed sometimes as Bathalang Maykapal. • He dwells in Kaluwalhatian together with the lesser gods and goddesses.• Aside from the lesser gods and goddesses, he sent his anitos in order to assist the daily lives of every human. • When most of the natives were converted to Christianity during the Spanish Era, he was referred to the Christian God.
  5. 5. • The ill-tempered god of the sea because among Amanikable the first generation gods (aside from Bathala), he was never married afterhis love was spurned by a beautiful mortal maiden, Maganda.• In frustration, he swore vengeance against the humans by sending turbulent waves andhorrible tempest in order to wreck boats and to drown men.
  6. 6. • Known by the Tagalogs as the god of animal Idiyanale husbandry and aquaculture by others the god of agriculture,• the god who is in charge of animal welfare and aquatic resources, he usually lives in the woods and guards the animals from hunters, also on waters takes in charge of the fishes and other marine life.
  7. 7. •The goddess Dumangan of good harvest. •She was married toIdiyanale and had two offspring.
  8. 8. • She is major fertility deity of the ancient Tagalogs. • Farmers with their children brought Lakampati offerings for him at the fields and invoke him to protect them from famine. Some sources also said that foods and words are offered to him by his devotees asking for "water" for their fields and "fish" when they set sail in the sea for fishing. • Lakampati was a hermaphrodite deity and was commented by some authors and friars as “the hermaphrodite devil who satisfies his carnal appetite with men and women”. • He is identified to the ancient Zambal goddess Ikapati although he/she also has a characteristics similar to other Zambal deities such as Anitong Tawo, Dumangan, Damulag, Kalasokus,
  9. 9. • The goddess of Mayarimoon and one of the three daughters of Bathala by a mortal women. • She was the most charming of all the goddesses and had two sister namely Tala and Hanan.
  10. 10. • The goddess of Tala the stars;• sister of Mayari and Hanan and one of the three daughters of Bathala by a mortal woman.
  11. 11. • The goddess of Hanan morning;• sister of Mayariand Tala and one of the three daughters of Bathala by a mortal woman.
  12. 12. • The strong, agile Dumakulem guardian ofmountains and the son of Idiyanale and Dumangan. • His sister was Anitun Tabu.• He later married Anagolay.
  13. 13. • The fickle-minded Anitun Tabu goddess of wind and rain. • She was the daughter of Idiyanale andDumangan and the sister of Dumakulem.
  14. 14. • The goddess of Anagolaylost things and the only offspring of Lakapati and Mapulon. • She was married to Dumakulem.
  15. 15. • The god of sun Apolaki and was chiefly the patron of warriors.• He was the son of Anagolay and Dumakulem.
  16. 16. • The goddess of Diyan Masalanta love, conception and childbirth and the protector of lovers.• She was the daughter ofAnagolay and Dumakulem and youngest of all the deities. • After the conversion of the natives to Christianity during the SpanishEra, she was then referred as Maria Makiling.
  17. 17. FAMOUS PHILIPPINE DIWATAS1.Mariang Makiling2.Mariang Sinukuan3.Maria Cacao4.Diwata ng Kagubatan
  18. 18. Mariang Makiling • The most famous of all the enchantress in the Philippine mythology and folkl ore. • She was the protector and guardian of Mount Makiling located in Los Baños, Laguna. Thus, modern sightings of her were even reported. • Maria Makiling is a
  19. 19. MariangSinukuan • She was the resident and protector of Mount Arayat loc ated
  20. 20. Maria Cacao • She dwells in Mount Lantoy, Argao, Ce bu where she had cacao trees, hence a plantation outside her own cave. • After
  21. 21. Diwata ngKagubatan • Also known as Virgen Del Monte, she was worshiped by the ancient Cuyunon of Cuyo Island, Palawan. • She is honored in a celebrated feast, periodically held atop of Mount Caimana in the mentioned island. • When most of the natives were converted to Christianity during the Spanish Era, about
  23. 23. Aswang
  24. 24. Kapre
  25. 25. Siyokoy
  26. 26. Manananggal
  27. 27. Kantanod
  28. 28. Tiyanak
  29. 29. Tikbalang
  30. 30. Diwata
  31. 31. Nuno sa Punso
  32. 32. Sirena