Nouns

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Nouns

  1. 1. NOUNS
  2. 2. HUMAN BINGO HUMAN BINGO HUMAN BINGO LOVES MATH WRITES POEMS FAVORITE COLOR IS BLUE CAN SING WELL PRAYS THE ROSARY DAILY LOVES JUNK FOOD AND SODA HAS GOOD SENSE OF HUMOR DANCES GRACEFULLY CAN PAINT WANTS TO JOIN A RELIGIOUS GROUP SLEEPS EARLY DOESN’T EAT VEGETABLES
  3. 3. What is a noun? • A noun is a word that is used to name a person, a place or a thing. • It may name a real object, an idea or even an action.
  4. 4. Properties of Nouns
  5. 5. 1. Number •Only oneSingular •Two or morePlural
  6. 6. Rule 1 • Most nouns form the plural by adding s to the singular noun. • Lecture – lectures • Book – books • Tree – trees • Thing – things • Board - boards
  7. 7. Rule 2 • Nouns ending in y preceded by a consonant form the plural by changing y to i and adding es. • Lily – lilies • Lady – ladies • Baby – babies • Fairy – fairies • Berry - berries
  8. 8. Rule 3 • Nouns ending in s, x, z, ch and sh form the plural by adding es. • Box – boxes • Church – churches • Buzz – buzzes • Bus – buses • Match - matches
  9. 9. Rule 4 • Nouns ending in o preceded by a consonant generally form the plural by es to the singular. • Tomato – tomatoes • Potato – potatoes
  10. 10. Rule 5 • Some nouns form the plural by changing f or fe to ves. • Calf – calves • Half – halves • Knife – knives • Wife – wives • Loaf - loaves
  11. 11. Rule 6 • A few nouns have the same form in the singular and plural. • Deer – deer • Swine – swine • Apparatus – apparatus • Nose – nose • Chinese - Chinese
  12. 12. Rule 7 • A few nouns form the plural by changing the word. • Tooth – teeth • Mouse – mice • Child – children • Man – men • Foot - feet
  13. 13. Rule 8 • Compound nouns form the plural by adding s to the important word. • Father-in-law – fathers-in-law • Passer-by – passers-by • Editor-in-chief – editors-in-chief
  14. 14. Rule 9 • Common nouns in ful form the plural by adding s. • Cupful – cupfuls • Spoonful – spoonfuls
  15. 15. Rule 10 • The plural of numbers and letters is formed by adding ‘s to the singular. • 6 – 6’s • T – T’s • 1 – 1’s • S – S’s • 23 – 23’s
  16. 16. 2. Gender •Male genderMasculine •Female genderFeminine •Inanimate objectNeuter •Male or femaleCommon
  17. 17. 3. Case •Subject of a verbNominative •objectObjective •ownershipPossessive
  18. 18. Rule 1: Nominative• A noun is in the nominative case when it is the subject of the verb. • Ed caught a large fish. • Beth and Annie collect stamps. • James is the eldest in the four children.
  19. 19. Rule 2: Nominative • A predicate nominative comes after a linking verb. • The girl was my sister. • The tennis players are Ray and Harold. • The figure in white was Mila.
  20. 20. Rule 1: Objective • A noun is in the objective case when it is used as a direct object of a verb. • She threw the ball to her father. • We bought flowers for the altar. • He gave ice cream to the child.
  21. 21. Rule 2: Objective• A noun is in the objective case when it is used as objects of the preposition. • We travelled through Mindanao. • The gift came from the teacher. • The children went with Mary and Anne.
  22. 22. Rule 3: Objective • A noun is in the objective case when it is used as an indirect object of the verb. • Father bought my brother a new car. • The teacher gave the students another chance. • The hostess invited Peter to the party.
  23. 23. Rule 4: Objective • A noun is in the objective case when it is used as a subject of an infinitive. • Donna asked Miguel to teach her the new dance steps. • Ella requested Mary to sing.
  24. 24. Rule 5: Objective • A noun is in the objective case when it is used as an object of an infinitive. • Donna asked Miguel to teach Liza the new dance steps. • Ella requested Mary to sing songs.
  25. 25. Rule 6: Objective • A noun is in the objective case when it is used as an objective complement. • They called my baby Gab. • The priest baptized him Gabriel Yvann.
  26. 26. Rule 7: Objective• A noun is in the objective case when it is used as a retained object after a passive verb. • Henry was given the prize. • Dogs were fed meat after the party. • The girls were given invitations last week.
  27. 27. Rule 1: Possessive • Form the possessive case of singular nouns by adding ‘s. • Charles – Charles’ car • Boy – boy’s pants • Bird – bird’s nest
  28. 28. Rule 2: Possessive• When two nouns indicate joint ownership, the sign of possession is placed after the second noun. • Mickey and Minnie’s show • Pedro and Juan’s room • Elsa and Kiko’s store
  29. 29. Rule 3: Possessive• When two nouns indicate separate ownership, add the sign of possession to both nouns. • Remy’s and Pat’s bags • Bien’s and Dwayne’s toys • Mikko’s and Yuri’s grades
  30. 30. Rule 4: Possessive• Compound nouns form the possessive case by adding apostrophe s (‘s) to the last word. • Mother-in- law’s dish • Secretary- general’s wife • Editor-in- chief’s article

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