Hindu mythology

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hindu mythology

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Hindu mythology

  1. 1. Week 12 ENG 107 / CC ENG 2 Hindu Mythology
  2. 2. Background: • Hindu mythology dates back to as early as 7200 BC. • This is the time when the first hymns of the Rig Veda was composed.
  3. 3. Rig Veda • an anthology of 1028 hymns to various gods • Began as a celebration of natural elements such as Air, Water and Fire • Converted into the worship of cosmic elements • Formed the triad of the early VEDIC gods
  4. 4. VEDIC GODS(cosmic trinity)
  5. 5. AGNI (Fire) • Vital spark in the earth, lightning in the sky, and SURYA, the sun • He is the sap in the plants, which is carried down to them by the rain. • Has 7 tongues, each of which has a separate name and in being used for licking up butter offered in sacrifices
  6. 6. VAYU (Wind) • He drives his horses furiously. • God of the wind, rapid motion and the Father of fleet-footed • Father of Hanuman • Generally associated with Indra • Other names are Pavana, Gandha-Vaha and Satata-ga
  7. 7. SURYA (Center of the Spheres) • Other name is Savitri (brilliance) • Married to Sanjana and Chhaya • Abode is called Suryaloka
  8. 8. puranIC GODS(hindu trinity OR TRIMURTI)
  9. 9. BRAHMA (CREATOR) • Born of the golden egg, Hiranyagarbha • Also said to have sprung from Vishnu’s navel, on a lotus • He is the uncreated creator (Svayambhu) • Lord of scholarship • 4 Vedas came from his mouth • From his body, came the 4 castes of the Hindus: Brahmans (priests) – mouth, Kshatriyas (soldiers) – arms, Vaishyas (traders) – thigh, Sudras (menial workers) - feet
  10. 10. VISHNU (PRESERVER) • The Preserver • Vehicle: garuda (bird) • has 4 arms, a blueish complexion, and rests on a snake • was incarnated (born as an animal or human) nine times with one more still to come • is the main god of Vaishnavism
  11. 11. SHIVA (DESTROYER) • The Destroyer / Transformer • Vehicle: bull • has matted hair, a third eye, a blue throat and a trident in his hand • often worshipped in the featureless lingam form • is the main god of Saivism
  12. 12. FEMALE ASPECTS(hindu trinity OR TRIMURTI)
  13. 13. SARASWATI • Goddess of knowledge, music, and the arts • Vehicle: swan • wife of Brahma • sits on a white lotus playing a veena
  14. 14. LAKSHMI • Goddess of wealth and prosperity • Vehicle: owl • wife of Vishnu • usually shown bestowing coins and flanked by elephants
  15. 15. PARVATI • The Divine Mother • Vehicle: lion • the reincarnation of Shiva's first wife • has many forms, such as the popular Durga and Kali (see below); often shown together with Saraswati and Lakshmi as the tridevi ('triple goddess')
  16. 16. OTHER POPULAR GODS
  17. 17. GANESH • God of the intellect and the remover of obstacles • Vehicle: mouse • son of Shiva & Parvati • has an elephant's head
  18. 18. MURUGAN • God of war • Vehicle: peacock • son of Shiva & Parvati • popular in Tamil areas • also known as Skanda
  19. 19. DURGA • A fiercer form of Parvati • Vehicle: tiger • has ten arms holding many weapons
  20. 20. KALI • Goddess of time and death • Vehicle: donkey • usually portrayed as dark and violent
  21. 21. RAMA • The 7th avatar (incarnation) of Vishnu • the central figure in the epic storyRamayana
  22. 22. RAMA • The 7th avatar (incarnation) of Vishnu • the central figure in the epic story Ramayana
  23. 23. KRISHNA • The 8th avatar (incarnation) of Vishnu • usually portrayed as a child and a prankster; often shown playing the flute
  24. 24. HANUMAN • an ape-like god known for assisting Rama
  25. 25. References: • http://www.usefulcharts.com/religion/main- hindu-gods-chart.html • http://www.webonautics.com/mythology/

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