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Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
Respiratory System
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Respiratory System

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Notes on Respiratory System for Medical Transcriptionist

Notes on Respiratory System for Medical Transcriptionist

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  • 1. Respiratory System(RS) Pulmonary system
  • 2. Respiratory unit
  • 3. Pleura &amp; Mediastinum <ul><li>Two in number: Visceral &amp; Parietal </li></ul><ul><li>Space between them is the pleural space </li></ul><ul><li>Mediastinum is a space extending from sternum to thoracic vertebra </li></ul><ul><li>It is divided into Anterior, Middle &amp; Posterior containing the Thymus, pericardium&amp; heart, esophagus, trachea &amp; large blood /lymphatics </li></ul>
  • 4. <ul><li>AFB: Acid Fast bacillus </li></ul><ul><li>A/E: air entry to lungs or accident/emergency R(R): resiratory rate </li></ul><ul><li>ARDS:adult respiratory distress syndrome </li></ul><ul><li>COPD/COAD: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease SOB;short of breath </li></ul><ul><li>CPR: cardio pulmonary resuscitation HBO: hyperbaric oxygenation </li></ul><ul><li>CTA: clear to auscultation cccc:closed chest cardiac compression </li></ul><ul><li>CXR: chest x ray </li></ul><ul><li>DPT: diphtheria pertusis tetanus </li></ul><ul><li>FVC: forced vital capacity </li></ul><ul><li>ICU: intensive care unit </li></ul><ul><li>IMV: intermittent mandatory ventilation </li></ul><ul><li>LLL: left lower lobe </li></ul><ul><li>LUL: left upper lobe </li></ul><ul><li>Paco2: partial presuure of oxygen </li></ul><ul><li>Pco2: partial pressure of co2 </li></ul><ul><li>Po2: </li></ul><ul><li>PCP: pnemocystitis carinii pneumonia </li></ul><ul><li>PFT: Pulmonary function test </li></ul><ul><li>PEEP:positive end expiratory volume </li></ul><ul><li>RDS:respiratory distress syndrome </li></ul><ul><li>RLL/RUL:right lower lobe/right upper lobe </li></ul><ul><li>SOB: shortness of breath </li></ul><ul><li>TB: tuberculosis </li></ul><ul><li>URI/LRI: upper/lower respiratory infection </li></ul><ul><li>V/q scan: ventilation perfusion scan </li></ul><ul><li>P/F(R): peak flow rate </li></ul>Abbreviations
  • 5. Symptoms &amp; signs <ul><li>Apnoe: temporary stoppage of breathing </li></ul><ul><li>Eupnoea: normal breathing </li></ul><ul><li>Dypsnoe: difficulty in breathing </li></ul><ul><li>Hyperpnoea: increase in depth of breathing </li></ul><ul><li>Tachpnoe: excessive rapid breathing </li></ul><ul><li>Haemoptysis: vomit of blood in cough </li></ul><ul><li>Asphyxia: interference of respiration, leads to absence of pulse </li></ul><ul><li>Haemothorax: blood in pleural cavity </li></ul><ul><li>Pyothorax: pus in pleural cavity </li></ul><ul><li>Hypercapnia: excessive co2 in the blood </li></ul><ul><li>Orthopnea: breathing in upright position </li></ul><ul><li>Cyanosis: blueness of skin </li></ul><ul><li>Hypoxia: deficiency in o2 </li></ul><ul><li>Dysphonia: hoarseness of voice </li></ul><ul><li>Epistaxis: nasal bleed </li></ul><ul><li>Stridor:noisy breathing </li></ul><ul><li>Dead space </li></ul><ul><li>Tidal volume </li></ul>
  • 6. Pathological conditions in RS <ul><li>Croup: acute respiratory syndrome, characterized by obstruction in larynx, cough, stridor </li></ul><ul><li>Diptheria: </li></ul><ul><li>Pertusis(whooping cough) </li></ul><ul><li>Asthma </li></ul><ul><li>Bronchitis </li></ul><ul><li>Atelectasis </li></ul><ul><li>Emphysema </li></ul><ul><li>Pneumoconiosis </li></ul><ul><li>Pneumonia </li></ul><ul><li>Pulmonary abscess </li></ul><ul><li>Pulmonary embolism (PE) </li></ul><ul><li>Pnemothorax </li></ul><ul><li>Tuberculosis </li></ul><ul><li>Mesothelioma </li></ul><ul><li>Bronchogenic carcinoma </li></ul><ul><li>Respiratory acidosis/alkalosis </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon monoxide poisoning </li></ul><ul><li>Asbestosis </li></ul><ul><li>SIDS: sudden infant death syndrome </li></ul><ul><li>PEEP: positive end expiratory pressure </li></ul>
  • 7. Clinical test &amp; Drugs <ul><li>Chest x ray </li></ul><ul><li>CT scan </li></ul><ul><li>Pulmonary angiography </li></ul><ul><li>MRI test </li></ul><ul><li>V/Q Scan </li></ul><ul><li>Bronchoscopy </li></ul><ul><li>Bronchography </li></ul><ul><li>Endotracheal intubation </li></ul><ul><li>Laryngoscopy </li></ul><ul><li>PFT: pulmonary function test </li></ul><ul><li>Thoracocentesis </li></ul><ul><li>Thoracotomy </li></ul><ul><li>Tracheostomy </li></ul><ul><li>TB test </li></ul><ul><li>Tracheostomy </li></ul><ul><li>Tube thoracostomy </li></ul><ul><li>Respirator </li></ul>Pulmonary drugs: Bronchodilators: albuterol, terbutaline Corticosteroids: Antituberculosis
  • 8. CPR consist of A,B,C &amp; Heimlich manouverve

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