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Suffixal Homophones, Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar

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LANE 333

LANE 333


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  • 1. LANE 333 - MORPHOLOGY 2012 – Term 1 SuffixalHomophones 2 By: http://SBANJAR.kau.edu.sa/Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar http://wwwdrshadiabanjar.blogspot.com10/5/2011 Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 1
  • 2. H. Suffixal HomophonesSome suffixes, both inflectional and derivationalhave homophonous forms.I. The inflectional morpheme has two homophones: {-ER n } & {-ER rp}II. The verbal inflectional suffix has two homophones : {-ING nm} & {-ING aj}III. The verbal inflectional has a homophone in the adjectival derivational {-D aj}IV.The adverbial derivational suffix has one homophone: {-Ly aj}. 10/5/2011 Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 2
  • 3. Suffixal HomophonesI. The inflectional morphemeI. The inflectional morpheme {-ER cp} has two homophones: 1. Derivational morpheme {-ER n }, as in hunter, fisher. It isoften called the agent –er and conveys the meaning of “thatwhich performs the action of the verb stem”. It may alsoattached to nonverbal stems as in: teenager, new Yorker;conveying the meaning of “that which is related to”. Bothbelong to the same morpheme. 2. Derivational morpheme {-ER rp} , which appears at theend of words and conveys the meaning of repetition as in glitter,mutter. 10/5/2011 Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 3
  • 4. Suffixal HomophonesII. The verbal inflectional suffix•The verbal inflectional suffix {-ING vb}has two homophones : 1. Nominal derivational suffix {-ING nm}as in meetings, weddings. 2. Adjectival morpheme {-ING aj} as in acharming woman. 10/5/2011 Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 4
  • 5. Verbal Inflectional Suffix TestsThere are two tests to distinguish the verbal {-ING vb} from theadjectival {-ING aj}:•The verbal {-ING vb} can usually occur after as well as beforethe noun it modifies as in: I saw a burning house. I saw a house burning.1. The adjectival {-ING aj} can be preceded by a qualifier (very) or by the comparative or superlative (more and most), while the verbal {-ING vb} cannot. It is a very comforting thought. This is a more exciting movie.* I saw a rather burning house, 10/5/2011 Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 5
  • 6. Verbal Suffix Tests2. The adjectival {-ING aj} can occur after the verb ‘seems’,but the verbal {-ING vb} cannot. The snake seems interesting. * The snake seems crawling. 10/5/2011 Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 6
  • 7. III. The verbal i*nflectional•The verbal inflectional {-D pp } has a homophonein the adjectival derivational {-D aj } as in: Helen was excited about her new job she was a devoted mother• The adjectival {-D aj } can be preceded by aqualifier (very, rather,quite) or (more & most)•The test of the verb (seem) is applicable toadjectival {-D aj }, but not to verbal {-D pp} *The very departed guests had forgotten their dog. *The guests seem departed.10/5/2011 Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 7
  • 8. IV. The adverbial derivational suffix• The adverbial derivational suffix is added to most adjectives to form adverb of manner as kindly, happily. has as a homophone the derivational suffix {-LY aj} that is distributed as follows:a. Added to monosyllabic nouns to form adjectives that are inflected with –er, -est: love lovelyb. It is added to nouns to form adjectives that are not inflected with –er, -est: king kinglyc. It is added to few adjectives, giving alternate adjectival forms that are also inflected with –er, -est : dead deadlyd. Added to a short list of time nouns to form adjectives : day daily, month monthly. 10/5/2011 Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 8
  • 9. 10/5/2011 Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 9