Nouns As Modifiers, By Dr Shadia [Compatibility Mode]

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Nouns As Modifiers, By Dr Shadia [Compatibility Mode]

  1. 1. NOUNS AS MODIFIERS http://www.kau.edu.sa/SBANJER By: Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar http://wwwdrshadiabanjar.blogspot.com 1 Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar
  2. 2. Nouns as Modifiers Noun can be used to another noun: NOUN - NOUN ADJECTIVE - NOUN •This car is for sports •It is a sports car. driving. •The Jeep has a drive(- •It has four-wheel train) that moves all drive. four wheels. (a feature of the car) 2 Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar
  3. 3. In English we can put two nouns together. The first noun is used as an adjective to modify the second noun and is called a noun adjunct. The first noun is almost always singular because it follows the rule for adjectives, which do not have plural forms in English. N1 N2 can mean that: 1. N1 is a kind of N2 (a grammar book is a kind of book) 2. N1 is an object of an implied verb (an apple tree is a tree that produces apples) 3 Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar
  4. 4. It is important to understand that N2 is the thing and N1 is the kind or type: • a rose bush is a bush • a wrist watch is a watch • computer paper is paper 4 Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar
  5. 5. When a noun is used as a modifier, it is in its singular form. The soup has vegetables in it: It is vegetable soup. The building has offices in it: It is an office building. office vegetable modifies modifies soup. building. 5 Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar
  6. 6. Examples: My mother planted a rose bush in the garden. I bought a new table lamp. Bobby takes the school bus to school. The school ordered fifty new grammar books. That man makes bird cages. Mrs. Taylor bought some new baby clothes. N1 is singular, even if the phrase is plural. 6 Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar
  7. 7. When a noun used as a modifier is combined with a number expression, the noun is singular and a hyphen (-) is used. √√√√√√√ CORRECT She has a five-year-old son. XXXXXXXX INCORRECT She has a five years old son.. 7 Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar
  8. 8. We can use a number with N1 to make a compound adjective. Since the number and noun make one unit, we use a hyphen to join them. Note that N1 remains singular because it is being used as an adjective. Examples: a three-car garage a ten-speed bicycle a twenty-dollar bill 8 Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar
  9. 9. If we use a number to refer to the second noun (how many), we do not use a hyphen: Examples: two grammar books five rose bushes 9 Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar
  10. 10. We can use a number to refer to the second noun (how many) and a number with the first noun (compound adjective). In that case, there is no hyphen after the first number, but the second number is still used with a hyphen because it forms a compound adjective. Examples: two ten-dollar bills four three-bedroom homes 10 Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar
  11. 11. Hyphens are used to avoid ambiguity for the reader. NO HYPHEN HYPHEN •Two footstools sold •Two-foot stools sold for a half-million dollars. for a half-million dollars. two footstools vs. two-foot stools 11 Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar
  12. 12. √√√√√√√ CORRECT It was a two-hour test. XXXXXXXX INCORRECT It was a two hours test. 12 Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar
  13. 13. 13 Dr. Shadia Y. Banjar

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