Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
  • Like
Constituency,presentation 3 by dr. shadia yousef banjar.pptx
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.


Now you can save presentations on your phone or tablet

Available for both IPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Constituency,presentation 3 by dr. shadia yousef banjar.pptx



Published in Education
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
No Downloads


Total Views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds



Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

    No notes for slide


  • 1. LANE 334 -EA: Syntax 2011 – Term 2Constituency 3 By: Shadia Y. Banjar http://wwwdrshadiabanjar.blogspot.comDr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 1
  • 2. • According to Syntax the component parts of a sentence are called CONSTITUENTS Which are the natural grouping of a sentence.Each of them has:• a formal CATEGORY (Whether it is a noun phrase, a verb phrase, etc)and …• a grammatical FUNCTION (whether it is the subject, or object, or predicate, etc) Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 2
  • 3. Intuitively, we feel that certain words in a sentence aregrouped together:•The young student met his friend in the local library after lunch. A unit A unit Both met and friend are next to his, but our intuition is that they are different in whether they form a unit with it. Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 3
  • 4. Grammatical Units sentence Grammatical Word Clause Units phraseDr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 4
  • 5. Sentences Sentences are: 1.Simple, 2.Compound 3.Complex 4. Compound-ComplexDr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 5
  • 6. Clauses Clauses are: 1.Main clauses (independent clauses) 2.Subordinate clausesDr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 6
  • 7. Phrases There are these kinds of phrase: 1.verb phrase, 2.noun phrase, 3.adjective phrase, 4.adverb phrase, and 5.prepositional phrase.Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 7
  • 8. Word classes The main word classes are: 1. verb, 2. noun, 3. adjective, 4. adverb, 5. preposition, 6. determiner, 7. complementizer, and 8. conjunction.Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 8
  • 9. • Simple Sentence Types – One INDEPENDENT CLAUSE in a subject-verb pattern: • We cancelled the order last week.• Compound – Two or more independent clauses – no dependent clauses – Coordination takes place: [s1[s2] coord [s3]] – Note: A comma and a coordinating conjunction (FANBOYS) must be used to connect the sentences. •Bill cooked dinner, and I did the dishes, but Susan helped not at all!• Complex – One independent clause with one or more dependent clauses. – Subordination takes place: [s1[s2 subord ]] • Although Bill and I cooked dinner and did the dishes, Susan helped not at all. – Note: The use of a comma is required with the dependent clause comes first in the sentence. Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 9
  • 10. • Compound-Complex- A mixed type of sentences- consists of multiple independent clauses, at least one of which has at least one dependent clause.- Have (Coordinators and subordinators)- Coordination of subordinated clauses take place: If your order has not been shipped within 30 days, we will notify you of this delay by e-mail, and you will have the option to cancel your order. When you receive a promotional code, enter it on your order, but only one promotional code may be used for each order.Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 10
  • 11. A constituent is formed if…1) Constituents can stand alone • e.g. “What did you find?” “A puppy” (not “found a”) √2) Constituents can be replaced by one word. • e.g. “Where did you find a puppy?” “I found it in the park.”3) Constituents move together. • e.g. It was [a puppy] that the child found. • e.g. [A puppy] was found by the child.Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 11
  • 12. Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar 12